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That's right, Brother Taylor; parry them off as well as you can.

JOSEPH SMITH (1805-44), founder and first prophet of the Mormon Church-Last words, to John Taylor, who was endeavouring to drive back the mob.

That we shall succeed, is certain: who may live to tell the story, is a very different question. LORD NELSON (1758-1805)—to Captain Berry before the Battle of the Nile (1 Aug., 1798). Captain Berry had said "If we succeed, what will the world say?" Nelson answered, There is no if in the case; that," &c. (Southey, Life, ed. 1888, p. 172)

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That which I said then I said, but that which I say now is


SIR THOMAS WYATT, the Younger (1521-54)-Last words, on the scaffold, referring to the accusation of the complicity of Princess Elizabeth and Lord Courtenay in the rebellion against Queen Mary. That which is called firmness in a king is called obstinacy in a donkey.

THOMAS ERSKINE (1750-1823). The accident of an accident.

LORD THURLOW (1732-1806)— in replying to the Duke of Grafton, who (during a debate on Lord Sandwich's administration of Greenwich Hospital) had reproached him his with his humble origin, expressed astonishment at his grace's speech, and said that the noble duke "could not look before him, behind him, and on either side of him without seeing some noble peer who owes his seat in this House to his successful exertions in the profession to which I belong. Does he not feel

that it is as honourable to owe it to these as to being the accident of an accident?" (Butler, Reminiscences, vol. i, p. 142)

The acts of to-day become the precedents of to-morrow.

LORD HERSCHELL (1837-99)—in a speech May 23, 1878. See A precedent embalms a principle; and cf. "One precedent creates another. They soon accumulate, and constitute law. What yesterday was fact, to-day is doctrine." Junius (Dedication of his Letters to the English Nation)

The air of England has long been too pure for a slave, and every man is free who breathes it.

LORD MANSFIELD (1704-93)—in the case of a negro slave who claimed his freedom on being brought to England. Cf.

"Slaves cannot breathe in England; if their lungs.

Receive our air, that moment they are free; They touch our country, and their shackles fall.' (Cowper, The Task, ii., 40). The American people never ran away from a difficult question or from a well-defined duty. PRESIDENT WILLIAM MCKINLEY (1843-1901) in a speech at Redlands (Cal.), May 8, 1901.

The Angel of Death has been abroad throughout the land; you may almost hear the beating of his wings.

JOHN BRIGHT (1811-89)—in the House of Commons, Feb. 23, 1855, referring to the Russian War.

The atrocious crime of being a young man.

(John Almon, Anecdotes and Speeches of the Earl of Chatham, 1793.)

WILLIAM PITT, EARL OF CHATHAM (1708-78)-in a speech on

Mar. 10, 1740, beginning, "The atrocious crime of being a young man, which the hon. gentleman [Horace Walpole] has with such spirit and decency charged upon me, I shall neither attempt to palliate nor deny, but content myself with wishing that I may be one of those whose follies may cease with their youth, and not of that number who are ignorant in spite of experience." Brougham (Statesmen of the Time of George III., vol. i., p. 19) says "many of his [Chatham's] earlier speeches as now preserved were avowedly the composition of Dr. Johnson," &c. Cf. Disraeli's allusion to Sir Robert Peel, in a speech on the Address, Jan. 22, 1846, "I want to know how it is that the right honourable gentleman, who certainly enjoys the full maturity of manhood," &c. : also, "I beseech you let his lack of years be no impediment to let him lack a reverend estimation; for I never knew so young a body with SO old a head." (Shakspere, Merchant of Venice, act iv., Sc. I: Bellario's letter)

The balance of power in Europe.

BENJAMIN DISRAELI [Earl of Beaconsfield] (1804-81) Phrase used in the House of Commons in a speech on the Black Sea ConferFeb. 24, 1871. See An untoence, ward event. "William [of Orange] now laid before Parliament his views upon the European situation, showing how the balance of power '— an old expression which now came into common use-had been affected by the accession of a Bourbon prince to the throne of Spain. (Wolseley, Life of Duke of Marlborough, 1894, vol. ii., p. 379)

The bane of England and the

opprobrium of Europe.

BENJAMIN DISRAELI [Earl of Beaconsfield] (1804-81)-conclud

ing words of a speech in the House of Commons, Aug. 9, 1843, on the Arms Bill (Ireland) referring to the then state of things in Ireland. The battle of Waterloo was won

on the playing fields of Eton. DUKE OF WELLINGTON (17691852) words attributed to him, Anbut their authenticity denied. other version is: "It was there that the battle of Waterloo was won.' It is said that the Duke made the remark when looking at the boys engaged in their sports in the playground at Eton.

The belief in the immortality of the soul is the only true panacea for the ills of life. LORD BYRON (1788-1824).

The best legacy I can leave my children is free speech, and the example of using it. ALGERNON SYDNEY (1622-83). The best of all is God is with us. JOHN WESLEY (1703-91)-Last words.

The best of life is just tolerable 'tis the most we can make of it.

DEAN SWIFT (1667-1745). See There is little or nothing in this life &c.

The best of prophets of the future is the past.

LORD BYRON (1788-1824). The best part of every man's education is that which he gives to himself.

SIR WALTER SCOTT (1771-1832).

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Cf. Every person has two educations, one which he receives from others, and one, more important, which he gives to himself." (Gibbon, Decline and Fall.)

The best physicians are Dr. Diet,

Dr. Quiet, and Dr. Merry


REV. SYDNEY SMITH (17711845.) Cf.

The best of all the pill-box crew,
Since ever time began,

Are the doctors who have most to do
With the health of a hearty man.
And so I count them up again
And praise them as I can:
There's Dr. Diet

And Dr. Quiet

And Dr. Merryman!


(S. W. Duffield, Praise of Good Doctors.) "Si tibi deficiant medici, tibi fiant Haec tria; mens læta, requies, moderata diæta."

The bitterness of death is now past.

LORD WILLIAM RUSSELL (163983)-executed for complicity in the Rye House Plot, July 21, 1683, on taking leave of his wife on the same day. (Hume, Hist. of Engl.) The blue ribbon of the turf.

BENJAMIN DISRAELI, [Earl of Beaconsfield] (1804-81)-to Lord George Bentinck, referring to the Derby Race. (Disraeli, Biog. of Lord George Bentinck.)

The broad direct line is the best.

DUKE OF WELLINGTON (17691852) Preceded by: "It is difficult to say what will be successful, and what otherwise, in these governments of intrigue; but, in my opinion, the," &c.

The Church of England hath a Popish liturgy, a Calvinistic creed, and an Arminian clergy.

WILLIAM PITT, Earl of Chatham (1708-78) Quoted by Burke, in a speech, Mar. 2, 1790, on the Repeal of the Corporation and Test Acts, as, "We have a Calvinistic creed, a Popish liturgy, and an Arminian clergy."

The Classes and the Masses.

W. E. GLADSTONE (1809-98), but cf.

Too true it is she's bitten sadly
With this new rage for rhyming badly
Which late hath seized all ranks and classes
Down to that new estate, "the Masses.'
(MOORE, The Fudges in England,
Letter 4.)

The Continent will not suffer England to be the workshop of the world.

BENJAMIN DISRAELI [Earl of Beaconsfield] (1804-81)—in a speech in the House of Commons, March 15, 1838.

The de'ili' my saul, sirrah, an` you be not quiet I'll send you to the five hundred kings in the House of Commons: they'll quickly tame ye.

JAMES I (1566-1625)—to his unruly horse.

The elegant simplicity of the three per cents. LORD STOWELL (1745-1836) (Campbell's Chancellors, vol. x, ch. 212). See The sweet simplicity &c. The English nation is never so

great as in adversity.

BENJAMIN DISRAELI, [Earl of Beaconsfield] (1804-81)-in a speech in the House of Commons, Aug. 11, 1857. See I have long been of the opinion &c.

The Exe cannot be made to

flow back to its source.

LORD PALMERSTON (1784-1865) -when asked whether he would be in favour of a return to Protection. The field is won. Order the

whole line to advance.

DUKE OF WELLINGTON (17691852) at the battle of Waterloo, June 18, 1815. Sometimes quoted as "Let the whole line advance." The glorious uncertainty of the law.

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A term applied to the Rt. Hon. W. E. Gladstone (1809-98) and attributed by Sir W. V. Harcourt (in a speech at Derby, April 25, 1882) to Sir Stafford Northcote (now Lord Iddesleigh). Whoever first applied it to Mr. Gladstone did not, however, originate it. It occurs in Hook's Lives of the Archbishops of Canterbury (1860, vol. 1, ch. 4), applied to Theodorus, an early archbishop, a native of Tarsus in Cilicia. It is said that the vogue of the title arises from a speech by Charles Bradlaugh, M. P. (1833-91) at Northampton in which he repeatedly used it to designate Mr. Gladstone. He derived it from Henry Labouchere, M. P. The term was applied to Lord Brougham (1778-1868) in a leading article in the Illustrated London News (May 16, 1868) beginning "The grand old man has passed away from us. Charlotte Brontë so styled the Duke of Wellington. To Mr. Gladstone, however, belongs the distinction of the words being written and printed with capital letters. Cf.

And thus he bore without abuse

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The grand old name of gentleman, Defamed by every charlatan, And soil'd with all ignoble use. Tennyson's In Memoriam (1850) can.cxi.

The great business of life is, to

be, to do, to do without, and to depart.

JOHN MORLEY, M. P. (b. 1838) -in an address on Aphorisms before the Edinburgh Philosoph. Institute, (Nov. 1887).

The greater the truth the greater the libel.

LORD MANSFIELD (1704-93)— circa 1789; also attributed to Lord Ellenborough (1750-1818). The latter is said to have used the words at a trial, adding, "If the language used was true, the person would suffer more than if it was false." Cf.

Dost not know that old Mansfield, who
writes like the Bible,

Says the more 'tis a truth, sir, the more
'tis a libel."

The greater the truth, the worse the libel, is quoted at the head, and also forms the last line of the poem A Case of Libel, by Thomas Moore. "For the same reason it is immaterial with respect to the offence of a libel, whether the matter of it be true or false," &c. (Blackstone's Commentaries, 1795, vol. iv, p. 150, note by Mr. Christian) In State Trials (1770) vol. xx, p. 902 it is stated that Lord Mansfield said

my brother Glynn has admitted that the truth or falsehood of a libel, whether public or private, however prosecuted, is out of the question.' At this assertion of Lord Mansfield every man in court was shocked. Serjeant Glynn was astonished, and, asked them, 'Good God! Did I admit anything like what Lord Mansfield says?' Lord Mansfield begged Mr. Glynn's pardon, and turned it off with great dexterity, just saying slightly, Oh! I find I was mistaken; well then, my brother Glynn is of a different opinion.'

The greatest happiness of the greatest number.

BENJAMIN DISRAELI [Earl of Beaconsfield] (1804-81)-concluding words of a speech on the Budget, Dec. 3, 1852."Priestley was the first (unless it was Beccaria) who taught my lips to pronounce this sacred truth, that the greatest happiness of the greatest number is the foundation of morals and legislation. (Jeremy Bentham's Works, vol. x, p. 142.) The phrase was used by Dr. Joseph Priestley (17331804) in his Essay on Government, published in 1768. The Marquis Beccaria's rendering (in Italian) is "La massima felicità divisa nel maggior numero. (Cesare Beccaria Bonesana, Dei delitti e delle pene, Monaco, 1764, p. 4) The origin of the phrase may, however, be said to be in Hutcheson's Inquiry into the Original of our Ideas of Beauty and Virtue (London, 1725, p. 164): "That Action is best, which accomplishes the greatest Happiness for the greatest Numbers."

The greatest history-painters

have always been the ablest portrait-painters.

JAMES NORTHCOTE (1746-1831). The great unknown.

JAMES BALLANTYNE (1772-1833) -a term applied to Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832), alluding to the extraordinary success made by The Waverley Novels on their first (anonymous) appearance. The great unwashed.

LORD BROUGHAM (1779-1868).

The Greek historians generally told nothing but truth, while the Latin historians told nothing but lies.



The hero of a hundred fights.

Applied to the Duke of Welling(1769-1852).



For this is England's greatest son, He that gain'd a hundred fights, Nor ever lost an English gun. (Tennyson, Ode on the Death of the Duke of Wellington)

The history of superannuation in this country is the history of spoliation.

BENJAMIN DISRAELI [Earl of Beaconsfield] (1804-81)—in a speech on the Civil Service Superannuation Bill, Feb. 15, 1856. Followed by:

"It is a very short history, for it may be condensed in one sentence, 'You promised a fund and you exacted a tax.""

The human face is my landscape.

SIR JOSHUA REYNOLDS (1723-92)— alluding to his non-enjoyment of the scenery of Richmond.

The ignorant impatience of taxation.

LORD CASTLEreagh (1769-1822) -when the Income-Tax Bill was thrown out in 1816. Referred to by W. E. Gladstone when introducing his Budget in 1860, saying that if the author of that phrase could again take his place in the House he would be more likely to complain of an ignorant patience of taxation." The Iron Duke.


Surname applied to the Duke of Wellington (1769-1852) “said to have been borrowed from a steamboat (Gleig iv. p. 305), but "it attached itself to him by its fitness." (Dict. Nat. Biog., Ix., 203) "The term Iron Duke was first applied to an iron steamboat called by its owners the Duke of Wellington and afterwards, rather in jest than earnest, to the Duke himselt." (The Words of Wellington, 1869, p. 179) A correspondent of Notes & Queries

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