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said 6th Section of the aforesaid Treaty as follows:- 1831 A tract of land 10 miles square, the centre of which shall be the Council - house at Wapaghkonnetta ;" and a tract of land containing 25 square miles, which is to join the tract granted at Wapaghkonnetta, and to include the Shawnee settlement on Hog Creek, and to be laid off as possible in a square form;" which said 2 tracts or reservations of land were granted as aforesaid to the said Shawnee Indians, by the patents signed by the Commissioner of the General Land Of fice and certified by the Secretary of War, dated the 20th day of April, 1821. Also, 1 other tract of land granted to the said Shawnees by the 2nd Article of the Treaty made at St. Mary's in the State of Ohio, on the 17th day of September in the year 1818, and described therein as follows: ,,12,800 acres of land to be laid off adjoining the east line of their reserve of 10 miles square at Wapaghkonnetta," making in the whole of the aforesaid cessions to the United States by the aforesaid Shawnees, 145 sections or square miles, which includes all the land now owned or claimed by the said Band or Tribe of Shawnees in the State of Ohio.


ART. II. In consideration of the cessions stipulated in the foregoing Article, the United States agree to cause the said Tribe or Band of Shawnees, sisting of about 400 souls, to be removed in a convenient and suitable manner to the western side of the Mississippi River, and will grant by patent, in fee simple to them and their heirs for ever, as long as they shall exist as a Nation and remain upon the same, a tract of land to contain 100,000 acres, to be located under the direction of the President of the United States, within the tract of land equal to 50 miles square, which was granted to the Shawnee Indians of the State of Missouri, by the 2nd Article of a Treaty made at the City of Saint Louis in said State, with the said Shawnees of Missouri, by William Clark, Superintendent of Indian Affairs, on the 7th day of November in the year 1825; and in which it is provided that the grant aforesaid shall be for the Shawnee Tribe of Indians within the State of Missouri,,,and for those of the same Nation now residing in Ohio, who may hereafter emigrate to the west of the Mississippi;"

1831 but if there should not be a sufficiency of good land unoccupied by the Shawnee Indians who have already settled on the tract granted as aforesaid by the said Treaty of Saint Louis, then the tract of 100,000 acres, hereby granted to the said Shawnees of Ohio, Parties to this Compact, shall be located under the direction of the President of the United States on lands con tiguous to the said Shawnees of Missouri, or on any other unappropriated lands within the district of Cou try designed for the emigrating Indians of the United States.

ART. III. The United States will defray the ex penses of the removal of the said Band or Tribe of Shawnees, and will moreover supply them with a suf ficiency of good and wholesome provisions, to sup port them for 1 year after their arrival at their new residence.

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ART. IV. Out of the first sales to be made of the lands herein ceded by the said Shawnees, the United States will cause a good and substantial sav mill, and a grist mill, built in the best manner, to contain 2 pair of stones and a good bolting cloth, to be erected on the lands granted to the said Shaw nees, west of the Mississippi; and said mills shall be solely for their use and benefit. The United States will, out of the sales of the ceded lands, as aforesaid cause a blacksmith's shop, (to contain all the neces sary tools,) to be built for the said Shawnees at their intended residence, and a blacksmith shall be employed by the United States, as long as the President thereof may deem proper, to execute all necessary and useful work for said Indians.

ART. V. In lieu of the improvements which have been made on the lands herein ceded, it is agreed that the United States shall advance to the said Shawnees (for the purpose of enabling them to erect houses and open farms at their intended residence) the sum 13,000 dollars, to be reimbursed from the sales of the lands herein ceded by them to the United States. fair and equitable distribution of this sum shall be made by the Chiefs of the said Shawnees; with the consent of the People in General Council assembled, to such Individuals of their Tribe who have made improvements


on the lands herein ceded, and may be properly en-1831 titled to the same.

ART. VI. The farming utensils, live stock and other chattel property, which the said Shawnees now own, and may not be able to carry with them, shall be sold, under the superintendence of some suitable Person, appointed by the Secretary of War for that purpose, and the proceeds paid over to the owners of such property respectively.

ART. VII. The United States will expose to public sale to the highest bidder, in the manner of sell. ing the Public Lands, the tracts of land herein ceded by the said Shawnees. And, after deducting from the proceeds of such sales the sum of 70 cents per acre, exclusive of the cost of surveying, the cost of the grist mill, saw mill and blacksmith's shop, and the aforesaid sum of 13,000 dollars to be advanced in lieu of improvements, it is agreed, that any balance which may remain of the avails of the lands, after sale as aforesaid, shall constitute a fund for the future necessities of said Tribe, Parties to this Compact, on which the United States agree to pay to the Chiefs, for the use and general benefit of their People, annually, 5 per centum on the amount of said balance, as an annuity. Said fund to be continued during the pleasure of Congress, unless the Chiefs of the said Tribe or Band, by and with the consent of their People, in General Council assembled, should desire that the fund thus to be created should be dissolved and paid over to them; in which case the President shall cause the same to be so paid, if, in his discretion, he shall believe the happiness and prosperity of the said Tribe would be promoted thereby.

ART. VIII. It is agreed, that any annuities aceruing to the said Band or Tribe of Shawnees by former Treaties, shall be paid to them at their intended residence west of the Mississippi, under the direction of the President.

ART, IX. In consideration of the good conduct and friendly dispositions of the said Band of Shawnees towards the American Government, and as an earnest of the kind feelings and good wishes of the People of the United States, for the future welfare and happiness of the said Shawnees, it is agreed that the


1831 United States will give them, as presents, the follow ing articles, to be fairly divided by the Chiefs among their People, according to their several necessities, to wit: 200 blankets, 40 ploughs, 40 sets of horse gears, 150 hoes, 50 axes, and Russia sheeting sufficient for 50 tents: the whole to be delivered to them as soon as practicable, after their arrival at their new residence, except the blankets and Russia sheeting, which shall be given previously to their removal.

ART. X. The lands granted by this Agreement and Convention to the said Band or Tribe of Shawnees, shall not be sold nor ceded by them, except to the United States. And the United States guarantee that said lands shall never be within the bounds of any State or Territory, nor subject to the Laws the reof; and further, that the President of the United States will cause said Tribe to be protected at their intended residence, against all interruption or disturb ance from any other Tribe or Nation of Indians, of from any other Person or Persons whatever, and he shall have the same care and superintendence over them in the Country to which they are to remove, that he has heretofore had over them at their present place of residence.

ART. XI. It is understood by the present Contracting Parties, that any claim which Francis Duchouquet may have, under former Treaties, to a section or any quantity of the lands herein ceded to the United States, are not to be prejudiced by the present Compact; but to remain as valid as before.

ART. XII. In addition to the presents given in the 9th Article of this Convention, it is agreed that there shall also be given to the said Shawnees, 25 rifle guns, to be distributed in the manifer provided

in said 9th Article.

ART. XIII. At the request of the Chiefs, there is granted to Joseph Parks, a quarter blooded Shawnee, one section of land, to contain 640 acres, and to include his present improvements at the old Town near Wapaghkonnetta, in consideration of his constant friendship and many charitable and valuable services towards the said Shawnees: and at the request of the Chiefs, it is also stipulated, that the price of an average section of the lands herein ceded, shall be reserved in

the hands of the Government, to be paid to their 1831 friends, the Shawnees who now reside on the River Huron in the Territory of Michgian, for the purpose of bearing their expenses, should they ever wish to follow the Shawnees of Wapaghkonnetta and Hog Creek, to their new residence west of the Mississippi. ART. XIV. At the request of the Chiefs, it is agreed that they shall be furnished with 2 cross-cut saws for the use of their Tribe; and also, that they shall receive 4 grindstones annually, for the use of their People, to be charged upon the surplus fund; and they shall further receive as presents, 10 hand saws, 10 drawing knives, 20 files, 50 gimblets, 20 augers of different sizes, 10 planes of different sizes, 2 braces and bits, 4 hewing axes, 24 scythes, 5 frows and 5 grubbing hoes.

In testimony whereof the said James B. Gardiner, specially appointed Commissioner on the part of the United States, and John M'Elvain, Indian agent as aforesaid, and the said Chiefs, Warriors and Headmen of the said Shawnees of Wapaghkonnetta and Hog Creek, have hereunto set their Hands and Seals, at Wapaghkonnetta, this 8 day of August in the year of our Lord 1831.

(L. S.) (L. S.)


(Marks of 20 Indians.)


Ordre du conseil de Sa Majesté Britannique portant l'extension du privilège de ports francs sur plusieurs ports de l'Isle de Jamaique, en date du 10 Août 1831.

The Sun).

At the Court at St. James, the 10th day of August

1831; Present,

The King's Most Excellent Majesty in Council.
Whereas by an Act, passed in the 6th year of

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