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will be done"; and "I repent of my life except that part of it which I spent in communion with God, and in doing good."

I will be your captain. Come with me into the fields and you shall have all you ask. RICHARD II (1367-1400)—to the rebels who were about to avenge Wat Tyler's death, 1381. (Dict. Nat. Biog., vol. xlviii, p. 147)

I will die in the last ditch.

WILLIAM III (1650-1702)—to the Duke of Buckingham: There is one certain means by which I can be sure never to see my country's ruin: I will die in the last ditch.' (Hume, Hist of Engl. ch. 65) I will govern according to the common weal, but not according to the common will. JAMES I (1566-1625)-Reply to a demand of the House of Commons in 1621.

I will lie down on the couch; I can sleep, and after that Í shall be entirely recovered. ELIZABETH CHUDLEIGH Duchess of Kingston (1720-88)-Last words. I will lose all, or win all.

JAMES II (1633-1701)—to the Spanish Ambassador, who advised moderation after the trial of the Seven Bishops, June 1688.

I will maintain the liberties of England and the Protestant religion.

WILLIAM III (1650-1702)—words displayed upon his banner when landing in England, 1688.

I will not stand at the helm during the tempestuous night, if that helm is not allowed freely to traverse.

SIR ROBERT FEEL (1788-1850) -during the agitation for the repeal of the Corn Laws.

I will sit down now, but the time will come when you shall hear me.

BENJAMIN DISRAELI [Earl of Beaconsfield] (1804-81)-Conclusion of his maiden speech in the House of Commons, Dec. 7, 1837. (Cf. Sir M. E. Grant Duff's Notes from a Diary, vol. I, p. 112.) Samuel Smiles (in Self-help ch. 1, p. 23) quotes the words thus: "I shall sit down now, but the time will come when you will hear me." See Give me time, and I will yet &c.

I wish I had the power of writing, for then I would describe to you how pleasant a thing it is to die.

WILLIAM CULLEN (1712-90) — Last words. See I should like to record &c.

I wish Vaughan to preach my funeral sermon, because he has known me longest.

ARTHUR PENRHYN STANLEY, Dean of Westminster (1815-81) -Last recorded words.

I wish you to understand the true principles of government; I wish them carried out. I ask nothing more. WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON, President of the United States (1773-1841)-Last words.

I would have the English Republic as much respected as ever the Roman commonwealth was.

OLIVER CROMWELL (1599-1658) See By such means as these we shall make &c.

I would not give up the mists that spiritualize our mountains for all the blue skies of Italy.


I would rather be a poor beggar's

wife and be sure of heaven than queen of all the world and stand in doubt thereof by reason of my own consent.

KATHARINE OF ARAGON, wife of Henry VIII (1486-1536).

I would rather be the author of that poem [i.e. Gray's Elegy] than take Quebec.

GENERAL JAMES WOLFE (172659)-beforeQuebec, Sep. 12, 1759, the day before the battle in which he was killed. See Je donnerais une de mes pièces pour les avoir faits; and Je donnerais pour l'avoir fait &c. I would rather eat a dry crust at a king's table than feast on luxuries at that of an elector. ELIZABETH OF BOHEMIA, daughter of James I of England (1596-1662)-to her husband, the Elector Palatine Frederick V, when urging him to accept the crown of Bohemia.

James, take good care of the horse.

WINFIELD Scott (1786-1866)— Last words; to his servant. (Appleton's Cyclo. of Amer. Biog.) Jesus! precious Saviour!

BISHOP GEORGE DAVID CUMMINGS (1822-76)-Last words. Joy.

HANNAH MORE (1744-1833)-Last word.

Just two years younger than

your majesty's happy reign. FRANCIS BACON (1561-1626)—to Queen Elizabeth, in 1572, on her asking his age. He was then eleven. Kings govern by means of popular assemblies only

when they cannot do without them.

CHARLES JAMES FOX (17491806) in the House of Commons, Oct. 31, 1776.

Knowledge is wooed for her dowry, not for her diviner charms.

LORD CHARLES BOWEN (183594)-in a lecture on Education. Preceded by: "The system of competitive examinations is a sad necessity." (Law Times, Aug. 16, 1902)

Language is the picture and counterpart of thought.

MARK HOPKINS, D.D., (b. 1802) -in an address delivered at the dedication of Williston Seminary, Dec. 1, 1841. See La parole a été donnée à l'homme &c.

Lay me quietly in the earth and put a sun-dial over my grave, and let me be forgotten.

JOHN HOWARD (1726 90)-Last words. Preceded by: "Suffer no


pomp at my funeral, nor mental inscription where I am laid.” Learned men are the cisterns of knowledge, not the fountainheads.

JAMES NORTHCOTE, R.A. (17461831).

Let him be hanged by the neck.

Formula written in the margin of the calendar against the name of a person condemned to be executed; formerly sus. per coll., an abbreviation of suspendatur per collum This, with the signature of the judge, is the sheriff's authority. Wharton, (Law Lexicon, 1883, p. 804) says that, in the case of a capital felony, it is written opposite to the prisoner's name, Hanged by the neck.' Sus. per coll. is quoted by Sir W. Scott in The Antiquary, ch. 8.

Let no guilty man escape.

PRESIDENT GRANT (1822-85)— Words endorsed on a letter of July 29, 1875, relating to the prosecution of those violating the laws with regard to the tax on distilled spirits. Let no guilty man escape, if it can be avoided. No personal consideration should stand in the way of performing a public duty."

Let our object be: our country, Our whole country, and nothing but our country.

DANIEL WEBSTER (1782-1852)— in a speech at the laying of the corner-stone of the Bunker Hill Monument, June 17, 1825. Let posterity cheer for us.

GEORGE WASHINGTON (173299)-attributed to him when some of the American troops cheered as Cornwallis's sword was given to him by General O'Hara at Yorktown, Oct. 19, 1781. Its authenticity is denied.

Let the child win his spurs, and

let the day be his.

EDWARD III (1312-77)—at the Battle of Crecy, Aug. 26, 1346, referring to his son Edward, the Black Prince, and refusing to send him help, although he was then hard pressed by the French. The prince had been knighted only a month before. The king, on returning to the camp, exclaimed, "My brave son! persevere in your honourable course; you are for my son; valiantly have you acquitted yourself to-day, and worthy are you of a crown." (Hume, Hist. of Engl.)

Let there be no fuss about me;

let me be buried with the


SIR HENRY LAWRENCE (180657) Last words.

Let us go over the river, and sit

under the refreshing shadow of the trees.

THOMAS JONATHAN ["STONEWALL"] JACKSON (1824-63)-Last words, spoken in delirium. Let us have peace!

ULYSSES S. GRANT (1822-85)— concluding phrase of a letter accepting his nomination to the Presidency of the United States, dated May 29, 1868.

Liberalism is trust of the people, tempered by prudence; Conservatism, distrust of the people, tempered by fear.

RT. HON. W. E. GLADSTONE, 1809-98). See Le gouvernement de France est une monarchie absolue &c.

Liberty and Union, one and inseparable, now and for ever!

DANIEL WEBSTER (1782-1852)— conclusion of a speech in the United States Senate, Jan. 26, 1830. Otherwise given "Liberty and Union, now and for ever, one and inseparable."

Liberty exists in proportion to wholsome restraint.

DANIEL WEBSTER (1782-1852)— in a speech delivered May 10, 1847.

Liberty is no negation. It is a substantive, tangible reality. PRESIDENT J. A. GARFIELD (1831-81)-in the House of Representatives, Jan. 13, 1865. Liberty must be limited in order to be enjoyed.

EDMUND BURKE (1729-97).

Life would be tolerable were it not for its amusements. SIR GEORGE CORNEWALL LEWIS (1806-63)-attributed to him by

Mrs. C. M. Simpson, who writes: "It was to Mrs. Austin that I heard Sir George [Cornewall] Lewis one day in our house make his celebrated speech that Life would be very tolerable if it were not for its amusements.' (Many Memories of Many People, p. 118). Cf. "O what pleasure is it to lacke pleasures, and how honorable is it to fli from honors throws" (in a letter of Sir John Cheke included in Sir Henry Ellis's Letters of Eminent Literary Men, Camden Society, 1843, vol. xxiii, p. 8)

Like the measles, love is most dangerous when it comes late in life.

LORD BYRON (1788-1824). Literature is a very good walkbut very

ing-stick, crutches.


GEORGE COLMAN, the younger (1762-1836) - alluding to the uncertain rewards of the profession of literature. Also attributed to Sir Walter Scott, but his saying was: "I determined that literature should be my staff, not my crutch, and that the profits of my literary labour, however convenient otherwise, should not, if I could help it, become necessary to my ordinary expenses," alluding to the principle of action that he laid down for himself, that he must earn his living by business, and not by litera


Lord, forgive my sins; especially my sins of omission.

JAMES USSHER (Usher) (15801656)-Last words. Another version is: "God be merciful to me a sinner."

Lord, help my soul !

EDGAR ALLAN POE (1811-49) — Last words.

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DUKE OF WELLINGTON (17691852) attributed to him by Samuel Rogers, as said in allusion to Lord John Russell in 1838 or 1839. Cf. Pope's Iliad, bk. iii, 1. 293; "the great, himself a host" (alluding to Ajax).

Lord, Lord, Lord, receive my spirit.

WILLIAM HUNTER (1536-55)— Last words. He was burned at the stake. (Foxe, Book of Martyrs) See Lord, take my spirit.

Lord, now let thy servant depart in peace.

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Lord, open the eyes of the King of England.

WILLIAM TYNDALE (C. 1477 or 1484-1536)-Last words. He was strangled and his body afterwards burned. Alternatively: "Lord, open the King of England's eyes. Lord, receive my soul.

WILLIAM LAUD, Archbishop of Canterbury, (1573-1645) — Last words; to the headsman as a signal to strike. See Lord, take my spirit Another version is: "Thou hast broken the jaws of death." See also No one can be more willing &c.

Lord, receive my spirit.

JOHN ROGERS, Canon of St.

Paul's (1509-55)- Last words. He was burned at the stake. Also attributed to REV. DR. ROWLAND TAYLOR, burned at the stake in 1555.

Lord, take my spirit.

EDWARD VI. (1537-53)—Last words. See Lord, receive my soul; Lord, into thy hands &c; Lord, Lord, Lord, receive my spirit. Madam, I have but ninepence in

ready money, but I can draw for a thousand pounds.

JOSEPH ADDISON (1672-1719) — to a lady who remarked upon his taking so small a part in conversation. (Boswell's Life of Johnson.) Madam, I have heard men say

that those who would make fools of princes are the fools themselves.

SIR WILLIAM CECIL, LORD BURLEIGH (1520-98)—to Queen Elizabeth.

Manners makyth man.

WILLIAM OF WYKEHAM, Bishop of Winchester and Lord High Chancellor of England (1324-1404) -motto inscribed on buildings founded by him at Oxford and Winchester.

measurable distance.

RT. HON. W. E. GLADSTONE (1809-98)-attributed to. Cf. "..he's as far from jealousy as I am from giving him cause; and that, I hope, is an immeasurable distance." (Shakspere, Merry Wives of Winsor, act 2, sc. 1, l. 107-9-Mrs. Page)

Meddle and muddle.

LORD DERBY (1799-1869)—in a speech in the House of Lords, Feb. 1864, referring to the policy of Lord Russell, Minister for Foreign Affairs, as a policy of meddle and muddle. Disraeli, in a letter to Lord Grey de Wilton in 1865,

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Mind is the great lever of all things.

DANIEL WEBSTER (1782-1852)— in an address at the laying of the corner-stone of the Bunker Hill Monument, June 17, 1825. Followed byhuman thought is the process by which human ends are alternately answered." Cf. Thought is the measure of life." (C. G. Leland, The return of the Gods.)

Ministers are the trustees of the nation and not the dispensers of its alms. LORD SALISBURY (b. 1830). See Public office is a public trust. Molly, I shall die.

THOMAS GRAY (1716-71)—Last words.

Monks! Monks! Monks!

HENRY VIII (1491-1547)—Last words; probably referring to his suppression of the monasteries. Most good lawyers live well, work hard, and die poor.

DANIEL WEBSTER (1782-1852). See There is always room at the top.

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