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God, but nothing else in the world!)

PRINCE BISMARCK (1815-98)—at the conclusion of his speech on the treaty between Germany, Austria, nd Hungary, Oct. 7, 1879, delivered in the Reichstag Feb. 6, 1888. Cf.


Je crains Dieu, cher Abner, et n'ai point d'autre crainte." (I fear God, dear Abner, and have no other fear).Racine, Athalie. act I, SC. I (Joad). We fear the Lord, and know no other fear. -Goldsmith, The Captivity. Wir können das Reifen der

Früchte nicht dadurch beschleunigen, dass wir eine Lampe darunter halten; und wenn wir nach unreifen Früchten schlagen, so werden wir nur ihr Wachstum hindern und sie verderben. (We cannot hasten the ripening of fruit by holding a lamp underneath it, and if we cut the unripe fruit, we prevent its growth, and it spoils).

PRINCE BISMARCK (1815-98)—in the North German Reichstag, May 21, 1869.

Wir färben echt, wir färben gut,

true we

Wir farben's mit Tyrannenblut. (We colour colour good, we colour it* with tyrants' blood).

From a political song of the year 1848, by August Brass, quoted in the Reichstag, May 10, 1895. Wir wollen die Waffen auf dem

Fechtboden niederlegen, aber weggeben wollen wir sie nicht. (We will lay down our arms in the fencing-school, but we will not give them up). PRINCE BISMARCK (1815-98)—at *i.e. the banner of liberty.


soirée, May 4, 1880, with reference to the Kulturkampf." Zeitungsschreiber, ein Mensch, der seinen Beruf verfehl that. (The journalist, a man who has missed his vocation).

Attributed to PRINCE BISMARCK (1815-98), but no confirmation of it in this form has so far been discovered. The phrase seems to rest upon a sentence of his in a speech (Nov. 10, 1862) made on the occasion of the visit to the King of a deputation from Rügen, when Bismarck stated that the Government would offer every facility for arriving at an understanding with tbe House of Delegates, "aber die oppositionelle Presse diesem Streben zu sehr entgegenwirke, indem sie zum grossen Teil in Händen von Juden und unzufriedenen, ihren Lebensberuf verfehlt habenden Leuten sich befinde" (but the Opposition press was working too strongly against this effort, inasmuch as it consisted in great part of Jews and discontents, people who had missed their vocation in life).

Zwischen mich und mein Volk

soll sich kein Blatt Papier drängen. (Between me and my people not a sheet of paper shall intrude).

Derived from a speech of FRIEDRICH WILHELM IV (17951861), Apr. 11, 1847:

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̓́Αγγελλε τοίνυν, ὅτι Γάϊον Μάριον

ἐν τοῖς Καρχηδόνος ἐρειπίοις φυγάδα καθεζόμενον εἶδες. (Go tell him that you have seen Caius Marius sitting in exile among the ruins of Carthage). CAIUS MARIUS (157-86 B.C.)— to an officer of the governor of Libya, Sextilius, who forbade him to land there (Plutarch, Lives: Marius, xl).

̓Αληθῆ λέγεις

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εἰ μὴ γὰρ σὺ τὴν πόλιν ἀπέβαλες, οὐκ ἂν ἐγὼ παρέλαβον. (Very true; for if you had not lost the city, I could never have recaptured it).

FABIUS MAXIMUS (275-202 B.C.) -to Marcus Livius, who had been in command of Tarentum when Hannibal obtained possession of it. The latter held it until recaptured by the Romans. Marcus Livius told the Senate that he, and not Fabius, was the real author of the recapture of the town (Plutarch, Lives: Fabius Maximus, xxiii).

̓Αλλ ̓ αὐτὸ τοῦτο μάλιστα φιλοσοφίας ἴδιον, τὸν καιρὸν ἑκάστων ἐπίστασθαι. ('Tis the special province of philosophy to know the due season for everything). ARCESILAUS (B. C. 438-360)-(Diogenes Laertius, Lives: Arcesilaus, § 41).

AXλos éyw. (A second self).

ZENO (d.c. 260 B.C.)-on being asked who was a true friend. (Diogenes Laertius, Lives: Zeno, § 23). Commonly quoted in the Latin form, "alter ego."

̓Αλλ ̓ ἐγὼ οὐ καταγελῶμαι. (But I am not derided).

DIOGENES, the Cynic (412-323 B.C.)-reply to one who told him that he was being derided; meaning that only those are really derided who are affected by ridicule. (Plutarch, Lives: Fabius Maximus, X.)

Αλλ' οὐχ οὗτος πολέμιος ὢν ἡμέτερος ἐνταῦθα ἕστηκεν ; (Is not he that has his stand there my enemy?).

EMPEROR AUGUSTUS (63 B.C.14 A.D.)—referring to a brazen statue of Brutus in the city of Milan (Plutarch, Lives: Dion & Brutus,


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phrase "A Pyrrhic victory." Cf. Wellington's words immediately after the battle (June 18, 1815) of Waterloo :

I have never fought such a battle; and I hope never to fight such another.-Lt. Col. Williams, Life and Times of Wellington, vol. ii, p. 266.

Amurath (Murad) II ( d. 1451) replied to those who congratulated him on the victory of Varna (1444) that 'two such victories would destroy his empire.'

Ανθρωπε πολλὰ ἔχοντι τῷ γήρᾳ

τὰ αἰσχρὰ μὴ προστίθει τὴν ἀπὸ τῆς κακίας αἰσχύνην. (My good fellow, old age is quite ugly enough without your adding the deformity of wickedness to it).

CATO MAJOR (234-149 B.C.)-to an old man who was acting wrongly (Plutarch, Lives: Cato Major, 9).

*Ανθρωπον ζητώ. (I am looking for a man).

DIOGENES (412-323 B.C.)—having lighted a candle at noon, and being asked the reason why he did so (Diogenes Laertius, Lives: Diogenes, $41). Phaedrus (Fabulae, bk. III, xix) attributes this saying to Æsop, who, when a busybody in the market place asked him what he was doing with a lighted torch at noon (which he was hurriedly carrying to light his master's fire) answered, "Hominem quaero, meaning that, had his interrogator been " a man," he would not have unseasonably made mirth of him.' Cf.: Which yet my soul seeketh, but I find not one man among a thousand have I found; but a woman among all those have I not found.-Ecclesiastes, ch. 7, v. 28.

̓Ανίκητος εἶ, ὦ παῖ.

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Baolliks. (Like a king).

PORUS (fl. 4th cent. B.C.)-to Alexander the Great, on the former being captured and asked how he wished to be treated (327 B.C.). Alexander then enquired if he had nothing else to ask, and Porus replied that everything was comprised in these words (Plutarch, Lives: Alexander, 1x).

Βέλτιον· πλείονας γὰρ νικήσομεν.

(So much the better, for then we shall conquer more). PELOPIDAS (d. 364 B.C.)—when told that Alexander, the tyrant, was advancing to meet him with a great force (Plutarch, Lives: Pelopidas,


· βέλτιόν ἐστιν ἅπαξ ἀποθανεῖν ἢ ἀεὶ προσδοκᾶν. (It is better to die once for all than constantly to live in expectation of death).

JULIUS CESAR (100-44 B.C.)— Plutarch, Lives: Casar, lvii). Cf. "Cowards die many times before their deaths;

The valiant never taste of death but once"-Shakspere, Julius Cæsar, act ii, sc. 2. (Cæsar)

Βραδέως ἐγχείρει τοῖς πραττομένοις· δ δ ̓ ἂν ἕλῃ, βεβαίως τηρῶν διάμενε. (Be slow to put your hand to an undertaking, but, when you have done so, maintain it and persevere with it to the end). BIAS, one of the Seven Wise Men of Greece (fl. c. 550 B. C.) (Diogenes Laertius, Lives: Bias, § 87). Γίνεται τοίνυν δ βούλομαι· βούλομαι

γὰρ Αθηναίους τοῦτο λαλεῖν, ἵνα μή τι χεῖρον περὶ ἐμοῦ λέγωσι. (Just what I wanted has happened, then; for I wish the Athenians to gossip about this, that they might not say something worse about me).

ALCIBIADES (450-404 B.C.)when reproached by his friends for having cut off his dog's tail, and told that all Athens was sorry for the dog (Plutarch, Lives: Alcibiades, ix).

Γλώττης κρατεῖν, καὶ μάλιστα ἐν

σvμжоσiw. (Rule your tongue, especially at a feast).

CHILO (d. B.C. 597)-(Diogenes Laertius, Lives: Chilo, § 69). Γνῶθι σαυτόν. (Know thyself).

THALES (636-546 B.C.)-(Diogenes Laertius, Lives: Thales, § 40). Also attributed to Chilo, and to Phemonoes.

Διὰ τοῦτο δύο ὦτα ἔχομεν, στόμα δὲ ἓν, ἵνα πλείω μὲν ἀκούωμεν, ἥττονα δὲ λέγωμεν. (The reason of our having two ears but only one mouth is that we may hear the more and speak the less).

ZENO (d. c. 260 B. C.)—(Diogenes, Laertius, Lives: Zeno, § 23). Δία τούτων ἔξω λόγος οὐκ ἐκπορεύεται.

(Through this no words go out.) At the Spartan public dinners it was the custom for the oldest person present, pointing to the door, to say

the above words to each man on entering. Plutarch, Lives: Lycurgus, xii. Cf. "Tell no tales out of school." (English Proverb).

Δός μοι ποῦ στῶ καὶ κινῶ τὴν γῆν. (Give me a standpoint, and I can move the earth). ARCHIMEDES (c. 287-212 B.C.) referring to the immense power of the lever. (Pappus Alexandrinus, Collectio lib. viii., 11, Prop. 10). Another version of Archimedes' saying is given in Plutarch's Life of Marcellus (Sxiv) : εἰ γῆν εἶχεν ἑτέραν, ἐκίνησεν ἂν ταύτην μεταβὰς εἰς ékeivηy (if he had another earth, by going into it he could remove this one). The 'lever of Archimedes' is hence used proverbially.

Δοτέον Φωκίωνι ταύτην τὴν χάριν.

(We must grant this favour to Phocion).

ANTIPATER (390-319 B.C.) to Craterus, taking him by the hand. Phocion's request to the first-named was that he should remain where he was and arrange terms of peace. Craterus did not approve of this. (Plutarch, Lives: Phocion, xxvi).

Ἐγὼ γὰρ καὶ ταύτην εὐτυχῆ ποιήσω Ρωμαίοις τὴν ἡμέραν. (Well, I will make it a happy day for the Romans!)

LUCULLUS (c. 109-c. 57 B.C.) referring to the 6th October, which was considered an unlucky day. (Plutarch, Lives: Lucullus, xxvii). Ἐγὼ δὲ πολλῷ χρόνῳ. (I take a long time.)

ZEUXIS (b. c. 450 B.C), hearing Agatharchus, the painter, boast how rapidly he could produce a picture. (Plutarch, Lives: Pericles, xiii).

Ἐγὼ μὲν ἐβουλόμην παρὰ τούτοις εἶναι μᾶλλον πρῶτος ἢ παρὰ Ρωμαίοις δεύτερος. (I would

rather be the first man here than the second man in Rome). JULIUS CAESAR (100-44 B.C.)— when crossing the Alps on his way to Spain. Plutarch, Lives: Caesar, xi). Cf.

Tel brille au second rang qui s'éclipse au premier. (One shines in the second rank who is outshone in the first).

Voltaire, La Henriade, Chant i. "Enoav. (They have lived).

CICERO (106-43 B.C.) to the conspirators, who were waiting for the night, thinking that those who had been killed were still alive and might be rescued. He meant that they were alive no more, and so avoided a word of ill-omen, 'dead.' (Plutarch, Lives: Cicero, xxii). There is no Latin authority for the original word, 'vixerunt.'

Εἰ γάρ τι καλὸν ἔργον πεποίηκα, εἰ τοῦτό μου μνημεῖον ἔσται

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δὲ μηδὲν, οὐδ ̓ οἱ πάντες ἀνδριάντες. (If I have done any good work, that will keep my memory green; but, if not, all the statues in the world will not do it).

AGESILAUS (438-360 B. C.)—on his death-bed, desiring that no statue should be raised to him. (Plutarch, Apophthegmata: Agesilaus, 12). See ̓Εμοῦ δὲ ἐρωτᾶν βούλομαι μᾶλλον &c. Et γε βασιλεῖς ἔμελλον ἕξειν

ἀνταγωνιστάς. (Yes, if I were going to have kings for my opponents).

ALEXANDER THE GREAT, (356323 B.C.)-when asked whether he would contend in the foot-race at Olympia, for he was a remarkably swift runner. (Plutarch, Lives: Alexander, iv.)

Εἰ μὲν ὡς πρεσβευταὶ πολλοὶ πάρεισιν, εἰ δ ̓ ὡς στρατιῶται, Niyo. (If they have come as ambassadors, they are too many-if as soldiers, too few).

TIGRANES II (89-36 B.C.) — referring to Lucullus's army (Plutarch, Lives: Lucullus, xxvii).

Εἰ μὴ ̓Αλέξανδρος ἤμην, Διογένης ἂν ἤμην. (If I were not Alexander I would be Diogenes). ALEXANDER THE GREAT (356323 B.C.)-to express his admiration of Diogenes, whom he visited at Corinth (Plutarch, Lives: Alexander, xiv). See Μικρὸν ἀπὸ τοῦ ἡλίου μετάστηθι.

. . εἰ χαλεπὸν οὕτως ἐστὶν, ὥστε μηδὲ ὄνον προσελθεῖν χρυσίον ([He asked] if it


was so difficult that an ass laden with gold could not get in).

PHILIP OF MACEDON (382-336 B.C.) to his scouts who repeated that a stronghold he wished to capture was impregnable. (Plutarch Apophthegmata: Philip, 14). Ερρέθη γοῦν, ὅτι τὰς πόλεις αἱρεῖ τῶν Ελλήνων οὐ Φίλιππος, ἀλλὰ τὸ Φιλίππου χρυσίον. (It was said that the cities of Greece were captured not by Philip, but by Philip's gold).

Cf. The advice given by the DELPHIC ORACLE to Philip (382-336 B.C.) "Arm yourself with arms of silver, and nothing shall resist you." One of Diogenianus' Proverbs (II, 81) is Αργυραῖς λόγχαις μάχου, καὶ πάντων κρατήσεις. (Fight with spears of silver, and thou wilt overcome all thy foes).

Cf. Fight thou with shafts of silver, and o'ercome,

When no force else can get the masterdom. Herrick, Hesperides, Aphorism 271.


In eo neque auctoritate neque gratia pugnat, sed quibus Philippus omnia castella expugnari posse dicebat, in quae modo asellus onustus posset ascendere. (His weapons are neither authority nor popularity, but rather those referred to in the saying of Philip of Macedon, that no city was impregnable so long as it could be entered by an ass laden with gold.) Cicero, Ad Atticum, i, 16, 12). Often referred to as "Philip's Ass.'

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