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abandonment acquired acts actual admitted adverse holding adverse possession Agreement America Arbitrators asserted authorities Barima boundary Britain British British Government British Guiana called charter claim coast colony Company conquest considered constitute continued course Cuyuni definition determined discovery disputed territory district Dutch effect English entered Essequibo established evidence exclusive exercised existence express extend fact falls force further give given Government Governor grant ground Guiana held important included Indians intention interior island land letter limits Lord matter means ment miles mouth namely natural Netherlands never occupation official original Orinoco party period places political control possession present principle proposed question reason reference regarded region relations respective river rule says Schomburgk settled settlement sovereignty Spain Spaniards Spanish statement Storm subjects suggestion taken territory tion trade Treaty true United Venezuela West India Company whole
Page 187 - But, as they were all in pursuit of nearly the same object, it was necessary, in order to avoid conflicting settlements and consequent war with each other, to establish a principle which all should acknowledge as the law by which the right of acquisition, which they all asserted, should be regulated as between themselves.
Page 278 - The usage of the world is, if a nation be not entirely subdued, to consider the holding of conquered territory as a mere military occupation, until its fate shall be determined at the treaty of peace. If it be ceded by the treaty, the acquisition is confirmed, and the ceded territory becomes a part of the nation to which it is annexed, either on the terms stipulated in the treaty of cession, or on such as its new master shall impose.
Page 33 - In deciding the matters submitted to the Arbitrators they shall be governed by the following three rules, which are agreed upon by the High Contracting Parties as rules to be taken as applicable to the case...
Page 30 - The tribunal shall investigate and ascertain the extent of the territories belonging to or that might lawfully be claimed by the United Netherlands or by the Kingdom of Spain, respectively, at the time of the acquisition by Great Britain of the Colony of British Guiana — and shall determine the boundary line between the Colony of British Guiana and the United States of Venezuela.
Page 54 - The arbitrators may recognize and give effect to rights and claims resting on any other ground whatever valid according to international law and on any principles of international law which the arbitrators may deem to be applicable to the case and which are not in contravention of the foregoing rule.
Page 278 - The sovereignty of the United States over the territory was, of course, suspended, and the laws of the United States could no longer be rightfully enforced there, or be obligatory upon the inhabitants who remained and submitted to the conquerors. By the surrender the inhabitants passed under a temporary allegiance to the British government, and were bound by such laws, and such only, as it chose to recognize and impose.
Page 188 - So early as the year 1496 her monarch granted a commission to the Cabots to discover countries then unknown to Christian people, and to take possession of them in the name of the king of England. Two years afterwards, Cabot proceeded on this voyage, and discovered the continent of North America, along which he sailed as far south as Virginia. To this discovery the English trace their title. In this first effort made by the English government to acquire territory on this continent we perceive a complete...
Page 34 - Adverse holding or prescription during a period of fifty years shall make a good title. The arbitrators may deem exclusive political control of a district, as well as actual settlement thereof, sufficient to constitute adverse holding or to make title by prescription.