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as between two opinions-such has ever been the Journal des Débats ;—organ of the most important class in France, and naturally invested with a corresponding importance. No paper has so large a circulation in Paris, nor is any paper sustained with more tact and ability.* To any one wishing to see the progress made by France in the last fourteen years, and the progress made more especially by that class which is now at the head of affairs, I recommend a comparison between the Journal des Débats of 1834, and a paper of the same title in 1820. You see a pigmy by the side of a giant. In the first place the Débats of 1820 is about one quarter of the size of its robust successor; then look at the paper, at the printing! and above all compare the style and the writing!

In short, in this paper and its progress behold a type of the body it is addressed to !

As early, however, as 1815, MM. Villemain and Salvandy mingled in the politics, and MM. Geoffroi and Hoffman in the literature of the Débats. M. Bertin de Vaux the present peer was also one of its principal supporters; and along its pages has at times

* I believe, almost entirely the property of Messrs. Bertin.

glanced the eloquent and fantastic pen of M. de Châteaubriand.

The Gazette de France has some resemblance to the Standard of England. It is written with singular talent, and advocates monarchieal principles with liberality, eloquence and ability. A royalist paper* among a people of republican feelings its sale increases.

The Gazette de France was in its glory at the time of M. de Villèle; it opposed M. de Polignac; and since the revolution of 1830 has taken a singular and most subtle direction. During the restoration it attacked openly and ingeniously the constitutional doctrines that were then in vogue, always respecting, as the despotism of Bonaparte would have respected, the French passion for equality; and contending, with much impudence and plausibility, that it was an absurd prejudice to suppose that birth had ever been any barrier to the success of intelligence. It has now, keeping in view, however, its ancient course, and departing as little as possible from its ancient principles, taken a yet bolder and more popular tone of discussion.

* It is in this paper that the ancient Etoile and the old Journal de Paris are now melted down. MM. de Peyronnet and Villèle were among its contributors.

To the charter of the restoration, its system of election and centralization, it opposes an enlightened view of the ancient constitution which Richelieu and Louis XIV destroyed; contriving thus to trim up a very decent romance from the chronicles of those dead times. Already, in a masterly and well known view of the revolution of 1789, there had been fashioned from disjointed fragments a political Frankenstein of this description. I say a political Frankenstein-for as the magnificent but horrible creation of Mrs. Shelley was not a man resuscitated, but the shreds and patches of a variety of men combined into one form, so the constitution of M. le Maistre was not the constitution of any one time, but the bits and pieces of a variety of times, such as had never in reality existed, and harmonized together,and which, now for the first time wrought into a compact shape, bore a pale and livid aspect among existing things.

It is, however, this creation of M. le Maistre which the Gazette reproduces and applauds.

The regenerated resurrection of the old provincial governments-the organization of primary assemblies, which, in many instances (the right for example of choosing a regency), would exercise a direct and immediate power.

-Such are the demands of the Gazette de France,-demands which, in a certain degree, meet the claim for universal suffrage on the one hand, and a desire still existing in many parts of France for independence from the capital, on the other ;-demands intended to take the power from the bourgeoisie of the towns, in order to place it in the hands of the provincial gentry and their dependents.

Here is the difference betwen the Gazette and the Quotidienne :

The Quotidienne does not poetize with its opinions. It does not show you royalism as it might be in its theatrical and popular costume, but as it is. There is no disguise of party hatred, no dressing up of political opinion. It has the talent which the Morning Post has lately acquired; it has at the same time the bigotry of its English cotemporary.

The Gazette de France* is the journal of the

* The Gazette de France is chiefly the property of an individual, M. de Genoude, and its conduct is supposed to be the suggestion of M. Lourdoneix.

These two gentlemen were employed together during the restoration. M. de Genoude as Conseiller d'Etat, M. de Lourdoneix as Chef de Division des beaux-arts, in the office of minister of the interior, and as Censeur Royal! I call attention to this occupation, as it is

young and enlightened royalists of Paris, who are glad to see their principles put into so popular a garb. The Quotidienne is the journal of the old-fashioned nobility, who still remember the royal coaches of Versailles. The one has been wittily called the procureur of legitimacy, the other the avocat.

The Gazette talks of a King and a nobility as the best for the people ;-the Quotidienne puts the people quite out of the question;but, dark in its doctrines, this paper is neither stupid nor nebulous in the style in which it displays them.

The Constitutionnel and the Débats are the

amusing enough to find in the Censeur Royal of the restoration, the advocate of the unlimited liberty of the press at the present time; to which I might add that the liberal M. Etienne of the Constitutionnel occupied, (and filled rather cruelly towards Madame de Staël) the same odious office of Censeur during the time of the Empire. M. de Lourdoneix is a man of talent and imagination. and gives to what he writes a colouring that is peculiarly favourable to newspaper success.

The review of the theatres is given to M. de la Forest, who wrote better formerly than he does now; and M. Bossange, formerly a bookseller and a liberal, has replaced as a literary reviewer, the celebrated M. Colnett, whose articles contributed at one time, to give a high literary reputation to this journal.

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