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No. 74.-Her Majesty's Comm". to Visc. Palmerston.-(Rec. June 10.) (Extract.) Loanda, March 30, 1850.

HAVING, in our annual report, spoken pointedly of the absence of any cruiser on these coasts bearing The United States' flag, we have the greater satisfaction in being now able to inform your Lordship that an American 10-gun brig, the Perry, Lieutenant Foote commanding, arrived at this port last week, having left The United States in December.

Lieutenant Foote called the day after his arrival on Her Majesty's Commissioner, and stated, in the most explicit and unreserved manner, his regret at the abuse which has latterly been made of the American flag on this coast, and his great desire to obtain every information on the subject, and to use his utmost endeavours to put a stop to it.

In reply to the inquiry whether, at the time of his sailing from The United States, his Government had been aware of the extent to which this abuse had been carried on, and whether he had been sent by them to this southern part of the coast expressly in consequence of such knowledge, he said no, but that he had been dispatched by the American Commodore from the Cape Verdes, after a communication which the latter had had with Commodore Fanshawe.

Lieutenant Foote is the son of Governor Foote, formerly a distinguished member from Massachusetts in both Houses of Legislature, and Governor of that State. He expressed a desire to be made acquainted with every particular concerning a question in which, as he said, the honour and good faith of his country, no less than the interests of humanity, were so deeply engaged,-in order the better to enable him in the report which he was preparing to make to his Government, to point out the mischief in all its bearings, and the most effectual mode of correcting it. Viscount Palmerston, G.C.B.


No. 101.-Her Majesty's Comm". to Visc1, Palmerston.—(Rec. Nov. 29.) MY LORD, Loanda, September 16, 1850. As illustrative of the system of allowing persons taken on board slave-vessels, and tried before the Juiz de Direito, to be at large on bail pending the final decision to be pronounced at Lisbon, I think it right your Lordship should be informed that a Portuguese, of the name of Francisco Baptista d'Oliveira, who was taken on board the Aurora (vide Commissioners' despatch of 20th March, 1848), and figured as a passenger with a Brazilian passport, and who was admitted to bail from the commencement of the proceedings, is

now in command under the assumed name of Mechas, of a Government transport sailing between Loanda and Benguela and the intermediate ports, in other words, some of the chief resorts of slave traffic on this coast.

This is explained and justified on the ground of enabling him to gain his livelihood and of relieving the public funds, which would otherwise be charged with his maintenance.

I have the honour to inclose herewith the "Boletim" of the 24th ultimo, showing the facts: the identity of the individual is matter of notoriety. I have, &c.

Viscount Palmerston, G.C.B.


No. 104.--Her Majesty's Commissioner to Viscount Palmerston. (Received January 2, 1851.)


Loanda, October 19, 1850. YOUR Lordship is doubtless aware of the communications that have passed this year between the Honourable Captain Hastings, of Her Majesty's ship Cyclops, and the Governor-General of this province, on the subject of the numerous barracoons for purposes of Slave Trade, declared by that officer to exist at various spots on the southern parts of this coast.

The Commandant of the Portuguese Naval Station, Senhor Manoel Thomas de Silva Cordeiro, sailed for those parts in the end of July; and on the eve of his departure, received the accompanying despatch (which I have the honour to inclose in original and translation) from the Governor-General, in consequence of which, on the arrival of the former at Benguela, he issued instructions to 2 of the cruisers under his command, a translated extract from which is annexed.

I do not trouble your Lordship with a very long report detailing the proceedings of these cruisers on this occasion, but the officer in command of them states, that at two only of the places named, viz., Equimina and Eminena, did he find any, indications of slave traffic; that at one of them he burnt 2, at another 5 old barracoons deserted, and with nothing in them of any value; and that at all the other spots pointed out to him in his instructions, he found nothing but depôts of lawful commerce, such as urzella, &c.

Of the frequent shipments, however, of slaves from this part of the coast, notwithstanding this report, and of the connivance of the Portuguese authorities stationed there, little doubt can, I believe, be entertained.

The Portuguese Commandant has just returned to this port, but has not yet forwarded the result of this investigation, either to his Government or to the Governor-General; but he tells me that in replying to that part of his Excellency's despatch, in which he is

recommended to inquire into the conduct of the Commandants of Novo Redondo and Quicombo, he intends to call his attention very pointedly to the insufficiency of the force the Governor of Benguela has at his disposal, which is so small-between 30 and 40 men only as to make it impossible for any one filling that office, even with the best intentions, to spare an adequate number for the necessary detachments.

As very materially affecting the Slave Trade question, though not arising out of any transaction directly in connexion with it, I beg to observe that the Governor of Benguela, the same whose renewed appointment was mentioned in my despatch of the 1st of April last, is now here to answer some accusations which have been brought against him of malversation in the Financial Department.

Viscount Palmerston, G.C.B.

I have, &c.


(Inclosure 1.)—The Secretary of the Government of Angola to the Commandant of the Portuguese Naval Station.

(Translation.) SIR,

Office of the General Department of the
Province of Angola, July, 1850.

On the 4th March of this year, the Captain of Her Britannic Majesty's steamer Cyclops, addressed 2 official letters to his Excellency the Governor-General of this province, acquainting him that several depôts for slaves destined to be carried beyond sea were established at Novo Redondo; a brig named the Maria having, on the 20th of January last shipped at that Presidency a great number of slaves; and that at Quicombo there was also a depôt similar to the above, in proof of which he asserted that the Brazilian brig Ventura had sailed from that spot with 481 negroes, who were subsequently captured by the brig Waterwitch, and that among the negroes so captured some were found who said they belonged to inhabitants of that station, and further that several slave depôts also existed at the Salinas, at Bahia Farta, and at various other points distant 6 or 7 miles from Benguela, from which the American brig Louisa attempted to ship a great number; and his Excellency, immediately on the receipt of these 2 letters, as you, Sir, were not then in harbour, sent orders to the Commandants of Novo Redondo and Quicombo, to the Governor of Benguela, and to the Commander of the schooner Nympha directing them to inform him circumstantially respecting the whole that was alleged by the aforesaid Captain, making them responsible for any transgression whatever of the Decree of the 10th December, 1836,* and instructing the Commander of the Nympha, supposing such depôts to exist, to destroy and burn them, if he had force enough for that purpose.

* Vol. XXIV. Page 782.

His Excellency had not then any other means at his disposal to arrive at the truth; and the result of all these examinations proved contrary to the assertions made by the Captain of the Cyclops, but that officer continuing to declare in a letter recently addressed by him to his Excellency, that at the spots pointed out, and at Lobito, negroes had been shipped for beyond sea, his Excellency directs me to say to you, Sir, that profiting by the opportunity of your departure from this port for the southern part of this coast, he cannot refrain from requesting that you will ascertain, by the best means in your power, and with the utmost caution, whether the Commandants of Novo Redondo and Quicombo are at all concerned in such shipments, and that you will cause the aforesaid spots to be examined by the force under your command, and the depôts, if they exist, to be destroyed, giving thereafter such information respecting the same as may occur to you, as his Excellency feels the deepest interest in ascertaining the truth. God preserve, &c.


(Inclosure 2.)—Extract of the Instructions given by the Commandant of the Naval Station to the Commander of the schooner Nympha. (Translation.) Benguela, September 25, 1850. You will sail from this port to-day, taking with you the schooner Conde do Tojal, and, in your character of a man-of-war cruiser (jointly with the schooner Conde do Tojal), you will explore the whole extent of coast lying between Elephant's Bay and this port of Benguela, and especially the following spots:-Southern Equimina, Chelulo, Eminena, Loacho, Rio Cuio, Rio de São Francisco, Ponta do Suldas Salinas, Northern Eminena, Grangeio, Ponta de São Jose das Salinas, Bahia Farta; and you will examine with the greatest attention, by landing yourself, and going as far inland as possible, if there exist any barracoons bearing the marks of being destined for the Slave Trade, according as it is declared in the table annexed to the Decree of the 10th December, 1836; and should you ascertain such to be the case, you will proceed according to the tenor of the Portarias of the 22nd May and 1st July, 1847.

When you shall have to burn any barracoons destined for that trade, you will previously draw up an authentic minute relative thereto, and the same should be done, in case the barracoons visit should not exhibit any such marks.


So soon as you shall have completed this service, you will present to me a circumstantial report of what may have occurred during this important commission.


No. 160.-Commander Schomberg to the Secretary to the Admiralty. (Received April 10.)


Cormorant, Rio de Janeiro, February 15, 1850.

I HAVE the honour to forward to you, for the information of my Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, a duplicate of letters forwarded by me to Rear-Admiral Reynolds, C.B., the Commander-inChief of Her Majesty's ships and vessels on the south-east coast of America, at present at Monte Video, dated February 14, 1850, containing important information, which I have been enabled to obtain, respecting the Traffic in Slaves on the coast of Brazil.

The Secretary to the Admiralty.

I have, &c.


(Inclosure 1.)-Commander Schomberg to Rear-Admiral Reynolds. SIB, Cormorant, Rio de Janeiro, February 14, 1850. HAVING made some trifling corrections from the information of Her Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires at Rio, in the lists I sent on the 8th instant, of vessels employed in the Slave Trade at present in Rio harbour, and those which have sailed from the coast in the last 10 months, with the names of the owners, I have the honour to transmit the corrected copies, as well as an additional one of vessels that have landed cargoes of slaves during the last 12 months, which I have obtained from Her Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires, duplicates of which I shall transmit to my Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, according to my instructions, considering it of importance that such information be forwarded to them at the earliest opportunity.

I have, &c.

Rear-Admiral Reynolds. HERBERT SCHOMBERG, Commander.

List of 16 Slave Vessels in the Port of Rio de Janeiro, February 14, 1850.

List of 29 Slave Vessels sailed for Coast of Africa from Rio in 10 months, from April, 1849, to January, 1850.


(Inclosure 2.)-Commander Schomberg to Rear-Admiral Reynolds. Cormorant, Rio de Janeiro, February 14, 1850. I HAVE the honour to forward to you the following information, derived from authentic sources, of vessels from which slaves have been landed on the coast of Brazil, between Vittoria, in the province of Esperito Santo, and Paranagua in the province of St. Paul, during the last 12 months. I have, &c. Rear-Admiral Reynolds, HERBERT SCHOMBERG, Commander.

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