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Imaum of Muscat to H.
M.'s ships to act against
Slave Trade within his
territorial waters

267

220. Commodore Fanshawe to the July 19 Lieutenant Forbes' report

Secretary to the Admiralty.

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Aug. 8 Intention of King of Da

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upon Abeokuta

274

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Sovereignty over Gallinas

district acquired by Li-
beria

275

232. Rear-Admiral Reynolds to the Aug. 30 Commodore Storer's pro

234.

Secretary to the Admiralty.

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test against the proceed-
ings of H.M.'s ships.

Search of United States'
ships

Sept. 9 Brazilian forts ordered to

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276

resist by force the seizure of slave-vessels.... 276 Destruction of barracoons

at Masani and Keonga. 277 Submission of the Sultan of Angozha......

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July 26

284

Oct. 7

Slaves delivered up by

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the Chiefs of Gallinas... 286

Oct. 28 Condition of missionaries

at Badagry and Abbeo-
kuta

Nov. 2 Complaint of President of

Dec. 16

1851

Jan. 15

Liberia against H.M.'s
Agent at Gallinas
Murder of Mr. Parker,

286

288

H.M's Agent at Gallinas 290 Murder of Mr. Parker.

Punishment inflicted on

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SIERRA LEONE. (General.)

No. 1.-Her Majesty's Acting Commissary Judge to Viscount Palmerston.-(Received April 6.)

MY LORD,

Sierra Leone, February 9, 1850. I HAVE the honour herewith to transmit, for your Lordship's information, a printed "Government Notice," issued by Governor Macdonald this morning, announcing that the blockade which has for a considerable time past been strictly enforced on the whole coast of Gallinas, was, on the 4th instant, in consequence of a Treaty concluded by Commodore Fanshawe, C.B., on the part of Her Majesty, and the Chiefs of the Gallinas, declared to be raised and no longer in force.

This test of the sincerity of the native chiefs is very interesting, inasmuch as Commodore Fanshawe must have been fully satisfied of their trustworthiness before he consented to raise the blockade, which, in conjunction with the previous stringent measures, has completely rooted up the export Slave Trade in Gallinas; and should the chiefs continue to carry out their engagements, as set forth in the Treaty between Her Majesty and them, the far-famed Gallinas Slave Trade will become a mere matter of historical record.

The raising of the blockade will, I presume, enable Her Majesty's naval Commander-in-Chief on this coast to do with fewer cruisers off Galinas and Sherbro, and increase his squadron in the Bights.

Doubtless, attempts will be made by the renegade Spanish and Brazilian slave traders, lately residing in Gallinas and expelled by the native chiefs, to regain a footing in the country.

I have been informed that large numbers of slaves belonging to the expelled foreigners were left in charge of the inhabitants, with a few of their owners returning to claim them. Commander Dunlop of Her Majesty's sloop Alert, was fortunate enough to rescue numbers of such slaves, and land them in Sierra Leone.

As yet I have not heard of any vessel having carried away a cargo of slaves this year between Senegal and Cape St. Paul.

Viscount Palmerston, G.C.B.

I have, &c.

(Inclosure.)-Government Notice.

JAMES HOOK.

THE Colonial Secretary has the commands of Governor Macdonald to announce to the inhabitants of this colony generally, and more especially to the merchants and traders of it, that his Excellency received last night, by Her Majesty's sloop Alert, a despatch from Commodore Fanshawe, C.B., commanding in chief the British squadron on the west coast of Africa, officially notifying to him:

1st. That in consequence of the chiefs of Gallinas and Solyman having fulfilled all the engagements required of them by Her Majesty's Government, the Commodore had concluded a Treaty with them on the part of Her Majesty, for the total suppression of the Slave Trade; and had, therefore, on the 4th instant, declared the blockade of their coast to be raised.

2nd. That the Chiefs of Gallinas, Solyman, Manna, Sugury, and Cape Mount had, through the mediation of Captain Hugh Dunlop (commanding Her Majesty's sloop Alert, the senior officer of the northern division of the squadron, under the command of Commodore Fanshawe, C.B.), entered into a Treaty with him, by which, amongst other things, it is agreed that all wars and feuds between the said chiefs are for ever at an end, and that peace is restored within their respective territories; that Her Majesty's subjects shall be permitted to resort to their territories, for the purpose of trade, without hindrance or molestation of any kind, and that their persons and property shall be inviolate; that they may erect houses and factories therein; and that the chiefs will show no favour or privilege of any kind to the ships and traders of other countries, which they do not, or will not, confer on the subjects of Her Majesty the Queen.

3rd. The Governor invites the particular attention of the mercantile portion of the community to the foregoing gratifying intelligence; and sincerely trusts that they will avail themselves without delay of the opening now afforded them, of establishing, on a sure and solid basis, a lucrative commercial intercourse between this colony and the territories of the chiefs in question: which, while it cannot fail to be a source of emolument to themselves, will at the same time be the means, through their instrumentality, of utterly eradicating from the territories in the neighbourhood of this colony, that bane to all legal traffic, the Slave Trade.

By his Excellency's command,

J. F. SMYTH.

No. 9.-Her Majesty's Commissary Judge ad interim to Viscount Palmerston.-(Received March 13, 1851.)

MY LORD,

Sierra Leone, December 31, 1850.

I HAVE the honour to present to your Lordship a report on the state of Slave Trade on the western coast of Africa, during the past year, with such information on that subject as I have been able to collect.

In the above period no case has been brought before the several British and Foreign Mixed Courts of Justice established in this colony for the suppression of that traffic, and consequently no slaves have been emancipated by those Courts during the year.

The total number of cases prosecuted before the Mixed Commissions since their establishment here in June, 1819, up to the present date, is 529, whereof 502 were cases of condemnation, and 27 were either withdrawn, dismissed, or restored to the claimants.

In the same period there have been emancipated by these Mixed Courts 64,625 slaves, of whom 56,935 have been registered here.

In the Vice-Admiralty Court of the colony there have been adjudicated within the year, under the Act 2 and 3 Victoria, c. 73, 5 vessels without colours or papers, and under the Act 8 and 9 Victoria, c. 122, 7 acknowledged Brazilian vessels; all cases of condemnation.

Of these 12 captures, 11 were made in the Bight of Benin, and 1 to the southward of the Line, off the coast of Angola.

In 8 of the cases there were slaves; the remainder were proceeded against for equipment only.

The number of slaves so captured were 2,045, of whom 1,614 were decreed emancipation.

Of the 7 Brazilian vessels prosecuted under the Act 8 and 9 Victoria, c. 122, 5 got their imperial passports at Bahia, and 1 at Rio de Janiero; 5 cleared for Brazilian coasting voyages, and 1 for the Azores, and 1 had neither passport nor clearance.

Respecting the nationality of the 5 vessels unfurnished with flag or papers, I am unable to give any correct information. They were most probably engaged in Brazilian Slave Trade, although a portion of them might have been Spanish property, as the destruction of flag and papers is sometimes resorted to, to avoid the exposure and risk of punishment which would await the parties concerned were they brought before these Mixed Courts.

From the foregoing statement, it will be seen that the number of captures adjudicated at Sierra Leone during this year has been almost one-half less than the year preceding, although the number of slaves captured and emancipated exceeds that of last year.

All the captures, with one exception, were made to the north of the Line.

The expulsion of the foreign slave-traders from their position at the Gallinas, consequent upon the proceedings adopted against them by the British cruisers, and the increasing legitimate trade in the Sherbro (both formerly great marts for slaves), will, I trust, prevent its reappearance in those localities, as the natives will, it is to be hoped, discover it to be more to their interests to foster and encourage legitimate commerce, than to cherish a traffic attended with so great risks to those engaged in it, and with such debasing results to the country where it is permitted to exist.

I regret, my Lord, not to be able to say the same of the state of Slave Trade to the north, as in the course of this year a Brazilian

vessel took 240 slaves from the River Pongos, shipped by the notorious Paul Faber, which I had the honour to report to your Lordship in my despatch of the 4th of November last, and to which I beg to refer your Lordship. This, however, is the only successful instance of the kind that has come to my knowledge; and as that part of the coast has since been visited by 2 of Her Majesty's cruisers, and remains now narrowly watched by 1, I trust that any encouragement which might have been given to Slave Trade by this vessel's success, will be checked, and that the legitimate trade in ground-nuts and other articles of produce which has sprung up, and which was seriously disturbed and endangered by that transaction, will eventually supersede it.

The death of Caetano José Nozolini, alias Kyetan, in the month of June last, who used to be one of the most extensive slave-traders to the northward of this colony, will doubtless have a favourable effect towards the extinction of the illicit traffic in that part; and should Her Majesty's Government decide upon occupying the Island of Bulama, the Slave Trade will very shortly be wholly extirpated in that locality.

From Cape Senegal, in latitude 16° 21′ north, and longitude 16° 13' west, to Cape St. Paul's, in latitude 6° 0' north, and longitude 1° 0' east, a distance measuring by the line of coast of about 1,500 miles, there has not been, with the exception before named, a single capture, nor, so far as I can learn, any slave-trading. This is a matter of sincere congratulation, as in former years a very large exportation of slaves took place annually between those two latitudes.

In the Bights and on the south coast, there is a "lull," if I may use that expression, in the traffic, which I believe is to be ascribed to the more active co-operation of the American with the British cruisers, as also to the measures taken to enforce the Treaties on the coast of Brazils.

At Loanda, also, I have reason to believe the slave-dealers have received a severe blow to their speculations in human flesh, the result of active and well-concerted measures adopted against them by Commodore Fanshawe, C.B., and the squadron under his command; and it only requires that the other Powers should act with good faith, and co-operate with Great Britain in carrying out vigorous measures against that traffic, to enable us to anticipate, I trust at no very distant period, something more approaching to a total suppression of it than has as yet marked the noble efforts which have been so unceasingly made by Great Britain, to contend against it, single-handed. I have, &c.

Viscount Palmerston, G.C.B.

NORMAN MACDONALD.

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