Page images

the advice of Her Majesty's Government in the outset, and had sent the refugees at once out of the Turkish dominions.

H.E. Sir Stratford Canning.

I am,



No. 189.-Sir Stratford Canning to Visc. Palmerston.—(Rec. July 7.)
Therapia, June 19, 1851.

THE Porte has made arrangements with the agent of the Oriental Company for embarking about 150 Polish and Hungarian refugees in the Euxine steam-vessel, which starts this afternoon for England.

On this occasion, as on former ones of a similar description, I have not felt myself at liberty either to oppose or to take any part in the Porte's proceedings. On the one side, I am unwilling to hazard the imposition of an unexpected burthen on any place where the unfortunate exiles may be landed; and on the other hand, I have neither authority to interdict their conveyance to England, nor inclination to obstruct the only path of relief which appears to remain unclosed to them.

I have at the same time exerted myself to obtain from the Porte a sufficient allowance for each of them to defray the expenses of a longer voyage, or to afford them some temporary means of subsistence after landing. I have endeavoured in particular to persuade Aali Pasha to embark them in a screw or sailing-vessel, and to apply any saving effected in the passage-money to their subsequent maintenance ashore. It was nevertheless determined that the whole batch should be shipped on board the Euxine; and I fear that the amount of their allowance will be expended during the voyage, with the exception of 2 or 3 pounds for each individual.

What limited means of relief are at my disposal have been constantly applied to the diminution of immediate distress among the most needy; but their numbers and utter destitution present an almost insurmountable difficulty in the exercise of charity not authorized by official warrant. I have, &c. Viscount Palmerston, G.C.B.


No. 190.-Sir Stratford Canning to Visc'. Palmerston.-(Rec. July 7.)
Therapia, June 19, 1851.

I AM happy to inform your Lordship that in reply to the Austrian Chargé d'Affaires, who lately expressed to Aali Pasha the high dissatisfaction of his Government on learning the Porte's intention of releasing, on the 1st of September next, M. Kossuth and the other refugees remaining at Kutahia, his Excellency declared that the Sultan's Government would infallibly redeem their pledge at the expiration of the appointed term, whether the Cabinet of Vienna assented to the measure or not.

The Pasha has also informed me that no restriction will be placed upon the refugees as to the place of their destination, when they are at liberty to leave the Turkish dominions.

I shall be careful to bear in mind your Lordship's permission as to their embarkation for Malta, should the circumstances be such as to make it desirable for them to take advantage of that kindness.

I have communicated to the Grand Vizier and Aali Pasha the resolution addressed to your Lordship by the Common Council of the City of London on behalf of the refugees. Their knowledge of the interest taken by that important assembly in the fate of M. Kossuth and his companions in exile cannot but strengthen their resolution to keep faith with the unfortunate objects of their protection. I have, &c.

Viscount Palmerston, G.C.B.


No. 191.-Sir Stratford Canning to Visc'. Palmerston.-(Rec. July 9.) MY LORD, Therapia, June 24, 1851. INCLOSED herewith for your Lordship's information, are 2 papers relating to the last batch of refugees embarked for England by means of an agreement between the Porte and the Oriental Steam Company's Agent. They went on board the Company's steamer Euxine on the 19th instant; and I have nothing to state in addition to the explanations afforded in my last despatch to your Lordship on this subject.

Viscount Palmerston, G.C.B.


I have, &c.


(Inclosure 1.)-Sir Stratford Canning to M. S. Pisani.

Therapia, June 19, 1851. I HAVE received your letter stating that arrangements have been made between the Porte and Mr. Hanson for the conveyance of the remaining Hungarian refugees to England in the Oriental Company's steam-ship Euxine, in consequence of their inability to remain longer here.

You will lose no time in waiting on Aali Pasha and reminding his Excellency that I am no party to their embarkation under circumstances so different from what I had suggested, and requesting once more that he will relieve me by increasing the allowance for their passage, so far as to afford them the means of continuing their voyage to America or some other place of destination after touching in an English port. An addition of 500 piastres to each individual would answer this purpose, and the whole amount of extra expense would not surpass the sum of a few hundred pounds—or the value of a Mushir's Nishan. I have already explained to Aali Pasha how unfair it is to take advantage of the boundless liberality of English

law with respect to foreigners arriving in England, and how annoying it must be for Her Majesty's Government to be placed in the situation of either rejecting the exiles altogether; of burthening the place of their arrival with the expense of maintaining them; or of taking upon themselves a charge for which they are not prepared, and in the creation of which they have had no hand.

Individually I have done whatever was in my power for the relief of these unfortunate exiles, and I hope still to assist, according to my limited means, a few of those who are in the greatest state of need; but even if it were in my power, I should fear to offend the Porte by offering to share an expense which strictly belongs to her, and which after all must be trifling in the eyes of an Imperial Government. Sincerely yours, M. S. Pisani.



(Inclosure 2.)-M. S. Pisani to Sir Stratford Canning.

Péra, June 19, 1851. In reply to your Excellency's instruction of this day's date, referring to the arrangements which have been made between the Porte and Mr. Hanson, for the conveyance of the remaining Hungarian emigrants to England by the Peninsular steamer to-day, I have the honour to report that Aali Pasha, to whom I read the whole of that instruction, states that as the circumstances under which the embarkation of these refugees takes place are totally different from what your Excellency suggested, it is clearly understood that you are not, as a matter of course, engaged in any way to share the allowance for their passage.

But it must be borne in mind, continued Aali Pasha, that the 100 emigrants who leave this day for England on their way to the United States of America do not at all belong to the category of those who have been detained by the Porte; these are common soldiers, and most of them workmen, who stayed here of their own accord, and have no claim upon the Porte. What induced the Turkish Government to assist them in proceeding to their wishedfor destination is this: they presented a memorial to the Porte entreating the Sultan to afford them the means of proceeding to England, where they had made up their minds to go. Their petition was submitted to His Majesty, who has been pleased to order that a free passage should be granted them, as also an allowance of 150 piastres to each. Consequently, Aali Pasha says, after this act of munificence and benevolence of the Sultan, and under the present financial embarrassments, he cannot take upon himself to return to the subject, and apply for a larger allowance. He assures me, however, that most of these refugees have got between 500 and 600

piastres of their own, which they have gained by their work during

their stay here.

H.E. Sir Stratford Canning.

I have, &c.


No. 192. Mr. Magenis to Viscount Palmerston.-(Rec. August 4.) (Extract.) Vienna, July 29, 1851.

THE departure of Count Rechberg, the recently appointed Internuncio at Constantinople, has been postponed; and I have reason to believe that he will not set out for his post before an answer has been received to an instruction which has been sent to the Austrian Chargé d'Affaires at Constantinople on the subject of the release on the 1st of September of the Hungarian refugees at Kutahia.

I have avoided making any allusion to the Hungarian refugees in my conversations with Prince Schwarzenberg; the mention of that subject is sure to irritate his Highness, and its solution can be more successfully pressed at Constantinople than here.

I have, however, alluded to it in conversation with Count Rechberg, assuming with him that the liberation of the refugees on the 1st of September was irrevocably decided on, and congratulating him that he would be spared its disagreeable discussion.

Count Rechberg never would admit that it was decided on, and said that his Government would insist on the Porte's fulfilling its engagements, and not releasing the Hungarian refugees "sans en convenir" with his Government.

It is unnecessary that I should repeat to your Lordship my reasons to prove that no such engagement existed on the part of the Porte; the Count persisted still that it did exist. He said, however, that the time was not distant when these refugees might be liberated without danger to Austria. Viscount Palmerston, G.C.B.


No. 193.-Sir Stratford Canning to Visc'. Palmerston.—(Rec. Aug. 9.) (Extract.) Therapia, July 24, 1851.

THE Austrian Government has addressed a fresh remonstrance to the Porte against its declared intention to liberate Kossuth on the 1st of September. The communication was made to Aali Pasha by M. de Klezl, who read to his Excellency a despatch which he had recently received upon the subject from Prince Schwarzenberg.

My own conviction is, that nothing short of some extraordinary and unexpected incident will shake the Sultan's resolution to abide by his promise, and this impression is confirmed by the assurances of the Grand Vizier, as well to me as to the French Envoy.

I am happy to add that M. de Lavalette appears to be sincerely anxious to secure the liberation of all the Hungarian refugees from [1850-51.]


Kutahia at the appointed period, and I have reason to believe that he has held language on that subject to the Turkish Ministers essentially the same as mine.

In case of a necessity which is hardly to be anticipted, I should reckon with confidence on his Excellency's cordial co-operation. Viscount Palmerston, G.C.B. STRATFORD CANNING.


No. 194.-Viscount Palmerston to Sir Stratford Canning.

Foreign Office, August 14, 1851. I HAVE received your Excellency's despatch of the 24th of July, respecting the fresh remonstrance which the Austrian Government has addressed to the Porte against the proposed liberation of the refugees at Kutahia, on the 1st of September next; and I have to instruct your Excellency to state to the Porte that Her Majesty's Government hold the Turkish Government bound by the declaration which it has made to Her Majesty's Government, and which Her Majesty's Government have stated to Parliament, that these Hungarian refugees should be released on the 1st of September.

H.E. Sir Stratford Canning.

I am, &c.


No.195.-Sir Stratford Canning to Visc. Palmerston.—(Rec. Aug. 18.)
Therapia, August 5, 1851.

THE Austrian Legation is pressing hard upon the Porte to prevent the liberation of Kossuth and his companions on the 1st of next month. M. de Klezl has given in a protest for that purpose. I continue to rely with perfect confidence on the good faith of the Sultan, and I think it best to proceed frankly on that principle, though I have endeavoured to omit nothing which may keep the Porte steady to its promise. I have, &c.

Viscount Palmerston, G.C.B.


No. 196.-Sir Stratford Canning to Visc. Palmerston.-(Rec. Sept. 6.) (Extract.) Therapia, August 20, 1851.

I HAVE the greatest possible satisfaction in stating that the Porte holds good to its declared intention of liberating the refugees at Kutahia on the 1st of September next. The Austrian Chargé d'Affaires, acting under the instructions of his Court, has exerted himself to put its steadiness to the test.

The Porte has replied, confirming its previous resolution, and M. de Klezl has rejoined to no purpose.

Russia has taken no part in support of the Austrian Cabinet on this occasion.

In obedience to your Lordship's instructions, I have offered to place one of Her Majesty's steam-vessels at the disposal of the Porte

« PreviousContinue »