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I have to instruct your Excellency to bring this circumstance under the notice of the Turkish Government, as proving the deep and general interest which is felt by the people of this country on the subject to which these memorials relate.

Your Excellency should at the same time observe that a general and hearty support was afforded by the British Nation to Her Majesty's Government in regard to the measures adopted last year to assist the Sultan in declining to comply with the demands which were made upon him with respect to the Polish and Hungarian refugees; but that support was founded upon the impression that the Sultan, if duly assisted by Great Britain, would act a thoroughly independent part in regard to those refugees.

The Turkish Government would do well to remember that Great Britain can act efficiently in support of the Turkish Empire only as far as the British Government may be backed by public opinion in this country.

HE. Sir Stratford Canning.

I am, &c.

PALMERSTON.

No. 168.-Sir Stratford Canning to Visc. Palmerston.—(Rec. Feb. 8.)
MY LORD,
Constantinople, January 20, 1851.

A GENOESE ship, having 270 Polish refugees on board and chartered at the Porte's expense, is now leaving the harbour of Constantinople for that of Liverpool, where its unfortunate inmates, though having in view a further voyage to the United States of America, are obliged to touch in consequence of not having the means of direct conveyance to their final place of destination. I learn from Aali Pasha that 240 of these emigrants have received from the Porte a sufficient sum of money to defray the expenses of their voyage, and to leave them in possession of a month's subsistence after reaching the coast of England. They are also provided with an American passport for The United States. The remaining 32 received a similar amount of assistance, partly from the Porte and partly from another source. They went on board to replace as many Hungarians who had come with the residue of the emigration from Shumla, and wished to form a colony in the Sultan's dominions.

These 30 Hungarians with 36 others of the same nation collected here, and looking to M. Kossuth for advice and guidance, are now also on the point of embarking for England in the Oriental steampacket, the Porte having ordered them away, notwithstanding my representations in their favour, and having at the same time supplied them with money to defray the expenses of their passage, and to provide for their personal wants on first arriving at Liverpool.

It would be difficult for any one to contemplate the fate of these poor emigrants without a strong feeling of compassion. They have not, it is true, been left without assistance, and they have sometimes

manifested unreasonable and impatient expectations; but they have had to undergo from first to last a most unnecessary degree of vexation; and their present removal from Turkey, though relieving the Porte from an irksome embarrassment and probably sparing them much fruitless labour in an unprofitable enterprise, must operate as a death blow to their dearest hopes and a painful aggravation of Kossuth's exile.

The only arm which I could use on their behalf was that of persuasion, and although I could not probably have used it with more effect, I should have used it with more satisfaction if I had been more firmly convinced of the reality of their resources for establishing an agricultural colony in this country, and had reason to entertain a better opinion of those auxiliary means on which they had been led, rather too sanguinely I fear, to rely. As it is, my success has been limited to obtaining a somewhat larger amount of money for their voyage and subsequent subsistence than the Porte was at first inclined to allow. I have, &c. Viscount Palmerston, G.C.B.

STRATFORD CANNING. P.S.-I learn this moment by a message from the Porte, that the embarkation of the Hungarian emigrants is suspended till the departure of the next Oriental steam-packet.

S. C.

No. 169.-Sir Stratford Canning to Visc. Palmerston.-(Rec. Feb. 19.) MY LORD, Constantinople, February 4, 1851. AWARE of the lively interest which Her Majesty's Government benevolently take in the cessation of that very questionable act of political necessity which has so long detained the most illustrious of the exiles of Hungary at Kutahia, I have repeatedly reminded the Turkish Ministers of their promise to reconsider the question as soon as the Sultan's Ambassador at Vienna should report the issue of his communications with Prince Schwarzenberg on that subject. It is with sentiments of unfeigned concern that I continue to receive from Aali Pasha a repetition of the same motive for delay. Only 4 days have elapsed since his Excellency sent me word that the Ambassador, owing to Prince Schwarzenberg's absence from Vienna, had not hitherto succeeded in fulfilling his instructions with respect to the refugees. He added, however, that the next Austrian post was likely to bring the expected report.

With respect to General Dembinski I have been surprised and mortified to learn that the order for his liberation had not been dispatched to Kutahia 15 days after I had been led to expect that it would be no longer delayed. I have not concealed from Aali Pasha the feelings which this disappointment has naturally excited in my mind; and the satisfaction which I now derive from his. assurance that the order for General Dembinski's release will be

forthwith transmitted to Kutahia will not be complete until I hear that the order has been actually carried into effect.

Viscount Palmerston, G.C.B.

I have, &c.

STRATFORD CANNING.

No. 170.-Sir Stratford Canning to Visc1. Palmerston.—(Rec. Mar. 10.) (Extract.) Constantinople, February 19, 1851.

I TRANSMIT herewith in copy an instruction addressed by me to M. Frederick Pisani, together with that gentleman's report of Aali Pasha's reply to his communication of its contents. Viscount Palmerston, G.C.B.

SIR,

STRATFORD CANNING.

(Inclosure 1.)-Sir Stratford Canning to M. F. Pisani.

British Palace, February 13, 1851.

I AM happy to learn from your report of Aali Pasha's answer to my message respecting the refugees at Kutahia, that the Porte is not disposed to accept the Austrian view of that subject. I sincerely hope that the Turkish Government, in addition to this result of its sagacity and sense of justice, will have the firmness to act according to its convictions and true interests. It has already more than fulfilled its engagements towards Austria. It remains for it to redeem the pledge which it gave at the same time to Europe, and more especially to those Powers which stood by it in the hour of menace and apparent danger. By so doing the Porte will not only perform an act of justice which, however tardy, will do it credit in the eyes of Europe; but it will best consult its dignity and lay a just claim to the lasting gratitude of those concerned.

The proposed separation of the refugees, and the conditions attached to the liberation of some of them, however disguised under specious terms, are in truth and reality fresh acts of injustice towards the refugees, and of humiliation to the Porte.

The Sultan and his Ministers have only to release the whole party at once, as in right they are entitled and in justice bound to do. A proceeding so just, humane, and honourable would not expose them to any well-founded complaints from Austria, while it would entitle them to the approval and cordial sympathy of all Christendom.

I venture to hope that Aali Pasha will enable you to give me a full assurance to this effect for the satisfaction of Her Majesty's Government.

You will read this instruction to Aali Pasha, requesting him to convey the expressions of my sentiments to the Sultan as well as to his colleagues.

M. Pisani.

I am, &c.

STRATFORD CANNING,

(Inclosure 2.)-M. Pisani to Sir Stratford Canning. M. L'AMBASSADEUR, Péra, ce 13 Février, 1851. J'AI l'honneur d'informer votre Excellence que j'ai lu et expliqué mot à mot à Aali Pacha votre instruction en date de ce jour, relativement aux réfugiés de Kutahia.

Aali Pacha a de nouveau exprimé son opinion particulière que la séparation demandée par l'Autriche ne serait pas convenable; "mais," dit-il, "je ne suis pas encore à même de rien dire de positif à cet égard qu'au préalable le Conseil n'ait discuté cette grave question. En attendant, j'assure," ajouta le Ministre, "que je ne manquerai pas de faire connaître et au Sultan et à mes collègues, les sentiments que Mr. Canning exprime a cette occasion."

H.E. Sir Stratford Canning.

J'ai, &c.

FREDK. PISANI.

No. 171.-Sir Stratford Canning to Visc. Palmerston.-(Rec. Mar.10.) MY LORD, Constantinople, February 19, 1851. THE Austrian Government has signified to the Porte its assent to the immediate liberation of a large majority of the refugees detained at Kutahia. Eight persons, including M. Kossuth and Count Batthyani, are excepted, together with a certain number of those who volunteered to join them from the first, and who have since partaken their detention. Certain conditions are attached to the liberation of the others, and it is even required that General Dembinski should not be allowed to come here before he leaves the Sultan's dominions.

The Porte is ready to assert its right to liberate the whole party without further delay, but hesitates as to acting in that sense without another and a final reference to Vienna.

The advice which I have given to Aali Pasha may be easily anticipated by your Lordship. It is simply that the Porte should act up to its declared principle, and do itself honour by declining to be a party to an arrangement which separates one part of the refugees from another, and increases the difficulty of releasing the latter part hereafter. I am not yet aware that the Council has come to a decision. Judging from the language of Aali Pasha, it is probable that a written answer will be returned to the note presented by M. de Klezl, the Austrian Chargé d'Affaires, that General Dembinski will be allowed to come here; that the individuals to be liberated with Austria's assent will be sent out of the empire; and that the remainder will only be detained to allow time for a fresh reference to Vienna, out of a friendly consideration for the wishes of the Austrian Government. I have, &c. Viscount Palmerston, G.C.B.

STRATFORD CANNING.

SIR,

No. 172.-Viscount Palmerston to Sir Stratford Canning.
Foreign Office, March 15, 1851.

1

I HAVE received your Excellency's despatch of the 19th February, from which it appears that the Austrian Government has consented to the immediate release of a certain portion of the Hungarian refugees at Kutahia, but requires that the remainder of them should still be detained there; and I have to acquaint your Excellency that Her Majesty's Government approve the course pursued and the language held by you, as reported in your despatch, in regard to tho communication recently made to the Porte on this matter by the Austrian Government.

The Sultan having performed his engagement towards the Emperor of Austria, which was to keep the Hungarian refugees in Turkey until tranquillity should be restored in Hungary, it would certainly not be consistent with his dignity as an independent Sovereign, to become the gaoler for a foreign Power, and to continue to act as such as long as it might please that foreign Power to require him to remain in that unbecoming condition.

H.E. Sir Stratford Canning.

I am, &c.

PALMERSTON.

No. 173.-Sir Stratford Canning to Visc'. Palmerston.-(Rec. Mar. 26.) (Extract.) Constantinople, March 6, 1851.

THE Porte has not yet taken any final decision with respect to the refugees at Kutahia. A Council is shortly to be held on the subject. I have made the most strenuous representations in favour of their immediate release. My principle instruction upon the subject to M. Pisani is inclosed herewith in copy. I have seen the Grand Vizier and personally enforced upon his Highness the arguments employed in that paper, which has been left with Aali Pasha for communication to the higher authorities. I am apprehensive, however, that the urgent and intimidating remonstrances of the Austrian Legation will so far produce their effect as to cause a fresh postponement of the just and humane measure which I have so earnestly recommended. The improved position of Austria, and some want of prudence on the side of those at Kutahia, increase the difficulty of sustaining the Porte's resolution. Viscount Palmerston, G.C.B.

STRATFORD CANNING.

(Inclosure 1.)-Sir Stratford Canning to M. Pisani.

(Extract.)

British Palace, February 21, 1851. THE verbal communications which you have had with Aali Pasha respecting the refugees at Kutahia allow me to hope that notwithstanding his very natural desire to obtain the assent of Austria to their complete liberation, a sense of justice and of her own dignity

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