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GEORGE WASHINGTON 99)-a remark frequently made by him, referring to his secretary and aide-de-camp, Col. Jonathan Trumbull, of Connecticut. The origin of the term 'Brother Jonathan' as applied to America.

We must now at least educate our masters.

RT. HON. ROBERT LOWE, Lord Sherbrooke (1811-92)-alluding to the passing of the Reform Bill under Lord Derby's administration. Cf. Lord Beaconsfield's remark at a Conservative banquet at Edinburgh, Oct. 29, 1867, "I had to prepare the mind of the country, and to educate, if it be not arrogant to use such a phrase, -to educate our party."

We part to meet again, I hope, in endless joys.

JOHN HOUGH (1651-1743) Bishop of Oxford and afterwards Bishop of Worcester-Last words. Were the church of Christ what she should be, twenty years would not pass away without the story of the cross being uttered in the ear of every living person. SIMEON HOWARD CALLOUN (1804-76)-Last words.

We shall never war except for peace.

PRESIDENT WILLIAM MCKINLEY (1843-1901)-in a speech at El Paso, May 6, 1901.

We shall there desire nothing that we have not, except more tongues to sing more praise to Him.

ROBERT BOYLE (1626-91)—Last words.

Westminster Abbey, or victory!

LORD NELSON (1758-1805)Exclamation when boarding the San Josef from the San Nicolas, Feb. 14, 1797 (Southey, Life of Nelson, ch. 4, ed. 1888, p. 136.)

What an idle piece of ceremony this buttoning and unbuttoning is to me, now.

RICHARD BROCKLESBY (1722-97) -Last words.

What can it signify?

WILLIAM COWPER (1731-1800)— Last words to Miss Perowne, who offered him refreshment.

What dost thou fear? Strike,

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Said by the populace on passing Whitehall, Charles I (1600-49) having retired to Hampton Court shortly after the scene in the House of Commons, 1642. (Hume, Hist. of Engl.)

What I am I have made myself:

I say this without vanity, and in pure simplicity of heart.

SIR HUMPHRY DAVY (1778-1829). Cf. Je ne dois qu'à moi seule toute ma renommée.

(I owe my fame to myself alone.)

Corneille, Excuse à Ariste, 1. 50

What I cannot utter with my mouth, accept, Lord, from my heart and soul. FRANCIS QUARLES (1592-1614)—. Last words.

What is childhood but a series

of happy illusions!

REV. SYDNEY SMITH (1771-1845). What is that?

ROBERT LOUIS STEVENSON (1850-94)-Last words, clasping his forehead with both hands, in pain. What is valuable is not new, and


what is new is not valuable. DANIEL WEBSTER (1782-1852)—-at Marshfield, Sep. 1, 1848. "Our best thoughts came from others." (R. W. Emerson.-- Quotation and Originality)

What, madam, have you not for

given God Almighty yet? JOHN WESLEY (1703-91) or GEORGE WHITEFIELD (1714-70)Rebuke to a lady who was wearing the deepest mourning a considerable time after her husband's death. What masks are these uniforms to hide cowards!

DUKE OF WELLINGTON (17691852)-speaking of military men. (R. W. Emerson, Old Age.)

What shadows we are, and what shadows we pursue. EDMUND BURKE (1729-97)—in a speech at Bristol, on declining the Poll, Sep. 1780, alluding to the sudden death of one of the candidates (Mr. Coombe). "The worthy gentleman who has been snatched from us at the moment of the election, and in the middle of the contest, whilst his desires were as warm and his hopes as eager as ours, has feelingly told us what shadows we are, and what shadows pursue. Cf. Quid umbras, fumos, fungos, sequimur.


(Sir H. Grimston, Strena Christiana, 1644.)

What shall we do with this bauble? Here, take it away. (Hume Hist. of Engl.) OLIVER CROMWELL (1599-1658)—— referring to the mace of the House of Commons, Apr. 20, 1653. Another version is: "Take away that shining bauble and lock up the doors.' See I have sought the Lord night and day &c.

What the Puritans gave the world was not thought but action.

WENDELL PHILLIPS (1811-84)— in a speech at a dinner of the Pilgrim Society at Plymouth (Mass.), Dec. 21, 1855.

What we call wisdom is the result, not the residuum, of all the wisdom of past ages. HENRY WARD BEECHER (181387).

When Adam delved and Eve

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leadership of Wat Tyler and Jack Straw (Hume, Hist. of Engl.)

"But when Adam delved and Eve span, Who was then a gentleman?"

Jack Straw, act i, Parson Ball (c. 1604; but author unknown-see Dodsley's Col lection).

"When Adam dalf, and Eve span,
Wo was thenne a gentilman?""
(Dict. of Nat. Biog. vol. iii, p. 74.)

The lines are quoted by Burke, in an Appeal from the New to the Old Whigs (Bohn's Lib., ed. 1896, vol. iii, p. 88). He says "Of this sapient maxim, however, I do not give him as the inventor." &c.

When Dido found Æneas would

not come,

She mourned in silence, and was di-do-dum.

DR. PORSON (1759-1808)—when asked to make a rime on the Latin gerund, in reply to his offer to make a rime on any subject. (Porson, Facetic Cantabrigiensis) Another version is found, however, in the Choice Humourous Works of Theodore Hook (1889, p. 522):

On the Latin gerunds.

When Dido's spouse to Dido would not come,

She mourn'd in silence, and was Di, Do, Dumb!

When I can't talk sense, I talk metaphor.

(Moore, Life of Sheridan, vol. ii, p. 29 note.

J. P. CURRAN (1750-1817.) When I forsake my king in the


hour of his distress, may my God Forsake me! EDWARD LORD THURLOW (1732-1806)-in a speech on the Regency question, in 1788. Sometimes quoted When I forget my king (sovereign) may my God forget me!" (27 Parl. Hist. 680; Ann. Reg. 1789) John Wilkes is reported to have remarked "God forget you! He'll see you d- first," and Burke to have added: "The best thing that could happen to you."

When I was young, I used to say good-natured things, and nobody listened to me. Now that I am old, I say illnatured things, and everybody listens to me.

SAMUEL ROGERS (1763-1855). When literature is the sole business of life it becomes a drudgery.


When one begins to turn in bed it is time to turn out. DUKE OF WELLINGTON (17691852). When the sun shines on you, you see your friends. It requires sunshine to be seen by them to advantage.

LADY BLESSINGTON (1789-1849). When you strike at a king you must kill him.

RALPH WALDO EMERSON (180382) to a young man who wrote an essay on Plato and mentioned the subject to Emerson.

When law ends, tyranny begins.

EARL OF CHATHAM (1708-78)— in a speech on Wilkes' case Jan. 9, 1770. "Unlimited power corrupts the possessor; and this I know, that, where law ends, there tyranny begins."

While there is life there is hope.

REV. PATRICK BRONTË (17741861) father of Charlotte, Emily, and Anne Brontë-Last words. He died standing. Cf. "While there is life there's hope." (Gay. Fables, pt. i, XXVII)

Who drives fat oxen should himself be fat.

DR. SAMUEL JOHNSON (1709-84) -Boswell, Life of Dr. Johnson,

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WILLIAM PENN (1644-1718)— Maxim, with regard to religious toleration in Pennsylvania. Who goes home?

Question asked of the members of the House of Commons by the door-keeper. "A relic of ancient times when all members going in the direction of the Speaker's residence went in a body to see him safe." a parliamentary man as great as Pitt having answered to the old lobby cry, Who goes home?" (Reid, Life of W. E. Gladstone, 1899, pp. 516-7).


Whose house is this? What street are we in? Why did you bring me here ? WILLIAM CULLEN BRYANT (1794-1878)-Last words. He fell upon some stone steps, receiving a blow on the head which caused his death. Taken into the house before which he fell, he asked the above questions.

Why are we so fond of that life

which begins with a cry, and ends with a groan?


Why, certainly, certainly!

EDWARD T. TAYLOR ("Father Taylor (1793-1871). Last words to a friend who asked him if Jesus was precious.

Why should the Devil have all the good tunes?

REV. ROLAND HILL (1744-1833). Why should we legislate for posterity?

What has posterity ever done for us?

SIR BOYLE ROCHE (1743-1807) -in the Irish Parliament. Cf. "The man was laughed at as a blunderer, who said in a public business, We do much for posterity, I would fain see them do something for us. (Mrs. Elizabeth Montagu, Letters, letter dated Jan. 1, 1742, ed. 1809, vol ii, p. 91.) Cf. also "What has poster'ty done for us,

That we, lest they their rights should lose,

Should trust our necks to grip of noose?" (John Trumbull, McFingal, canto 11, 1. 124, edit. 1776. p. 24).

là !

See Pourtant j'avais quelque chose

Why, then, be as wise as Solomon; write proverbs, not histories.

CHARLES II (1630-85)-to Gregorio Leti (1630-1701) the Italian historian. The king told him to take care that his work on the History of the Court of England (Teatro Britannico) gave no offence. Leti replied that "if a man were as wise as Solomon, he would scarcely be able to avoid giving offence." Will my people ever forgive me?

EDWARD VII. (b. 1841)-First words, on recovering consciousness after the operation for perityphlitis,

performed June 24, 1902, referring to the postponement of his coronation, which had been fixed for June 26, 1902. It took place, Aug. 9, 1902. (Daily Telegraph, June 28, 1902). Will you tell the Archdeacon ?

will you move a vote of

thanks for his kindness in performing the ceremony? DEAN ALFORD (1810-71)-Last words, referring to his funeral service.

Win hearts, and you will have all men's hearts and purses. LORD BURLEIGH (1520-98)—to Queen Elizabeth (1533-1603). Without courage there cannot

be truth, and without truth there can be no other virtue. SIR WALTER SCOTT (1771-1832). Wit is in general the finest sense

in the world. I had lived long before I discovered that wit was truth.

DR. PORSON (1759-1808). Woe is me!

THOMAS FITZ-STEPHEN, Captain of the White Ship, which struck on a rock off the Normandy coast. All on board perished, including Prince William, son of Henry I., with the exception of a butcher of Rouen named Berold. The captain, swimming above the wreck, asked one of the survivors where the prince was and, on being told that he had not appeared, uttered the above words and sank: (see Mrs. Hemans' poem "He never smiled again.") Another version is: "Woe ! woe to me!" (Dickens, Child's History of Engl., ch x.)

Woman is ilke the reed, which bends to every breeze, but breaks not in the tempest. ARCHBISHOP WHATELY (1787

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WILLIAM ETTY (1787-1849)— Last words.

World without end. Amen!

JOHN BUNYAN, author of Pilgrim's Progress (1628-88)—Last words. Preceded by: "Weep not for me, but for yourselves. I go to the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who no doubt will receive me, though a sinner, through the media- . tion of our Lord Jesus Christ; where I hope we shall ere long meet to sing the new song and remain happy for ever-for ever." Would you be surprised to hear?

SIR JOHN COLERIDGE (1821-94) -a phrase frequently used by him in the course of the famous Tichborne trial.

The civil and criminal proceedings lasted from June, 1871, till Feb 28, 1874.

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It is said that it was Charles Bowen (1835-94) who, in consultation, invented the phrase. "The object with which it was devised," says Sir Herbert Stephen, was to abstain from giving in the form of the question the least hint as to whether it would be correctly answered in the affirmative or in the negative."

Ye be burly, my Lord of Burghley, but ye shall make less stir in our realm than my Lord of Leicester.

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