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day with a sufficient quantity of brandy, and compelling them to bathe at mid-day in salt water.

XI. With the same wholesome intention of preventing diseases from propagating on board and becoming contagious, I order, that in the last search of the Vessel prior to her departure, that is, of such Ships as may convey Negroes from my Dominions on the Coast of Africa, the state of such Negroes shall be examined, and that if any of thein have an infectious disease, or require a more careful cure, they are to be disembarked to be restored to health; and if my Royal Treasury shall have received the Duties of exportation, I order, that the Actuary of the Custom House, or his Deputies, shall pass the necessary securities to prove where it may suit to remit the Duties for the Negro or Negroes so disembarked after being paid for, and such Duties are to be discounted on the departure of a like number of Negroes to be embarked in subsequent shipments; it being well understood that the Chief Physician of the District, where there is one, or in default thereof, the Land Surgeon, or that of the Ship, and the Person appointed by the Chief Physician of the Kingdom are to be present at this last examination and decision, by whom an attestation is to be granted, declaring the infirmity and other distinctive symptoms of the Negro whom they are to order to be disembarked, specifying the number of those who proceed on the voyage; and should such Ships arrive at the Port of their destination, the Master or Captain is to present such attestation to the Governor or Captain-General-Governor, who may reside there, or their Deputies, for the latter to forward the same to my Royal Residence, through the medium of the Secretary of State for Maritime Affairs and the Ultra-Marine Dominions. And the Master or Captain is to deliver a duplicate of the said attestation to the Person appointed by the Chief Physician of the Kingdom at the Port of disembarkation, or to his Deputies, and should the Ship enter in the Port of this City and Court of Rio de Janeiro, the Master or Captain is to deliver such attestation to the said Secretary of State for Maritime Affairs and Ultra-Marine Dominions, and a duplicate thereof to the Chief Physician of the Kingdom or his Deputies.

XII. And as it is not less important to prevent and hinder the public health from suffering for want of necessary precaution in the examination of the condition of Negroes, on their arrival at the Port of destination; and as it is requisite that this should not be permitted prior to the competent visits from the Board of Health, and search being made to ascertain whether there is any contagious disease on board, I order, that in all the Ports of this Continent, and others wherein the disembarkation of the Individuals exported from the Coast of Africa shall be permitted, there be established a Lazaretto out of the City, choosing for that purpose an elevated and wholesome spot;

in which Lazaretto the sick Negroes are to be received, in order to be attended and cured, until the Person appointed, to whom the care of the Lazaretto and the care of the Invalids shall be committed, deem them in a fit state to go to the houses of the Persons to whom they come consigned, who are to provide the necessary means for their subsistence by a daily allowance, which I order to be regulated by my Royal Junta of Commerce: and to prevent frauds, deceit, and prevarication in the execution of such necessary precautions, by delaying or making difficulties as to their disembarkation under captious pretexts, with the reprobated intention of extorting illegal remunerations from the Persons interested, who might comply, to obtain a speedy conclusion of the business, I have very particularly recominended the Chief Physician of the Kingdom to be extremely circumspect in the election of Persons intended for such occupations, and to see that they execute their important trust with the fidelity and disinterestedness required, and, the extortion and covetousness used having been represented to me, so as to bring the Delinquents to punishment with all the rigour of Law. And, that I may ascertain the exactness practised in the execution of these my salutary and paternal dispositions, and the effect thereof in benefit of the public health, I order, that either the said Chief Physician of the Kingdom, or his Deputy, shall grant an attestation, declaring the number of deaths, and of those sick on board, at the time of the arrival of the Vessel, which is to be laid before my Royal Person by the Secretary of State for Maritime Affairs and the Ultra-Marine Dominions.

Wherefore, I order the Chief Judge of the Council Chamber, the President of my Royal Exchequer, the Royal Junta of Commerce, Agriculture, Manufacture, and Navigation, the Chief Justice of the Tribunal of Supplication, or his Deputy, the Principal Judges, Magistrates, Justices, Officers, and other Persons of these my Kingdoms and Dominions, to whom the fulfilment of this my Decree may appertain, to observe and perform the same inviolably and justly, as is therein contained, without any doubt or difficulty attaching thereto, notwithstanding all Laws, Acts, Decrees, Sentences, Regulations, or arrangements to the contrary; all of which I annul, as though special and particular mention were made of each, and which would otherwise remain in full force. And it is to serve as an Act passed by the Chancery, (although that Tribunal does not grant any, the validity whereof is to be for more than one year,) notwithstanding any Ordinance to the contrary.

Given in our Palace of the Royal Treasury of Santa Cruz, on the the 24th November, 1813.

COUNT DAS GALVEAS.

THE PRINCE.

Decree to avail as an Act passed, whereby your Royal Highness

has been pleased to regulate the measurement of Ships employed in the conveyance of Negroes, exported from the Ports of Africa, to those of Brazil; your Royal Highness giving, in virtue of your incomparable sentiments of humanity and beneficence, the mildest and most wholesome regulations for the benefit of those Individuals.

UNITED STATES.

(6.)—ACT of Congress, to prohibit the carrying on the Slave Trade, from The United States, to any Foreign Place or Country.— Approved, 22d March, 1794.

SECT. I. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, that no Citizen or Citizens of The United States, or Foreigner, or any other Person coming into, or residing within the same, shall, for himself or any other Person whatsoever, either as Master, Factor, or Owner, build, fit, equip, load, or otherwise prepare any Ship or Vessel within any Port or Place of the said United States, nor shall cause any Ship or Vessel to sail from any Port or Place within the same, for the purpose of carrying on any trade or traffic in Slaves, to any Foreign Country; or for the purpose of procuring, from any Foreign Kingdom, Place, or Country, the Inhabitants of such Kingdom, Place, or Country, to be transported to any Foreign Country, Port, or Place whatever, to be sold or disposed of as Slaves; and if any Ship or Vessel shall be so fitted out as aforesaid, for the said purposes, or shall be caused to sail, so as aforesaid, every such Ship or Vessel, her tackle, furniture, apparel, and other appurtenances, shall be forfeited to The United States; and shall be liable to be seized, prosecuted, and condemned, in any of the Circuit Courts or District Court for the District, where the said Ship or Vessel may be found and seized.

II. And be it further enacted, that all and every Person, so building, fitting out, equipping, loading, or otherwise preparing, or sending away, any Ship or Vessel, knowing, or intending, that the same shall be employed in such trade or business, contrary to the true intent and meaning of this Act, or any ways aiding or abetting therein, shall severally forfeit and pay the sum of 2000 dollars; one moiety thereof to the use of The United States, and the other moiety thereof to the use of him or her who shall sue for and prosecute the same.

III. And be it further enacted, that the Owner, Master, or Factor, of each and every Foreign Ship or Vessel, clearing out for any of the Coasts or Kingdoms of Africa, or suspected to be intended for the Slave Trade, and the suspicion being declared to the Officer of the Customs, by any Citizen, on oath or affirmation, and such information being to the satisfaction of the said Officer, shall first give bond, with

sufficient sureties, to the Treasurer of The United States, that none of the Natives of Africa, or any other Foreign Country or Place, shall be taken on board the said Ship or Vessel, to be transported or sold as Slaves, in any other Foreign Port or Place whatever, within 9 months thereafter.

IV. And be it further enacted, that if any Citizen or Citizens of The United States shall, contrary to the true intent and meaning of this Act, take on board, receive, or transport any such Persons, as above described in this Act, for the purpose of selling them as Slaves, as aforesaid, he or they shall forfeit and pay, for each and every Person so received on board, transported, or sold as aforesaid, the sum of 200 dollars, to be recovered in any Court of The United States proper to try the same; the one moiety thereof to the use of The United States, and the other moiety to the use of such Person or Persons who shall sue for and prosecute the same.

(7.)-ACT of Congress, in addition to the Act entitled, "An Act to prohibit the carrying on the Slave Trade from The United States to any Foreign Place or Country."—Approved 10th May, 1800. SECT. I. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, that it shall be unlawful for any Citizen of The United States, or other Person residing within The United States, directly or indirectly, to hold or have any right or property in any Vessel employed or made use of in the transportation or carrying of Slaves from one Foreign Country or Place to another, and any right or property belonging as aforesaid, shall be forfeited, and may be libelled and condemned for the use of the Person who shall sue for the same; and such Person, transgressing the Prohibition aforesaid, shall also forfeit and pay a sum of money equal to double the value of the right or property in such Vessel, which he held as aforesaid; and shall also forfeit a sum of money equal to double the value of the interest which he may have had in the Slaves, which at any time may have been transported or carried in such Vessel, after the passing of this Act, and against the form thereof.

II. And be it further enacted, that it shall be unlawful for any Citizen of The United States, or other Person residing therein, to serve on board any Vessel of The United States employed or made use of in the transportation or carrying of Slaves from one Foreign Country or Place to another; and any such Citizen or other Person, voluntarily serving as aforesaid, shall be liable to be indicted therefor, and on conviction thereof, shall be liable to a fine not exceeding 2000 dollars, and be imprisoned not exceeding 2 years.

III. And be it further enacted, that if any Citizen of The United States shall voluntarily serve on board of any Foreign Ship or Vessel,

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ber enacted, that it shall be lawful for any of of The United States, to seize and take any anying on trade, business, or traffic, contrary ing of this or the said Act to which this is from The United, together with her tackle, apparel, and Approved, 22d Mares, other than Slaves, which shall be found SECT. I. Be it enacted may be proceeded against in any of tatives of the United Stated shall be condemned for the use of no Citizen or Citizens of The Person coming into, or residing other Person whatsoever, either equip, load, or otherwise prepare or Place of the said United States, to sail from any Port or Place wit carrying on any trade or traffic in Slav for the purpose of procuring, from an Country, the Inhabitants of such Kingdo transported to any Foreign Country, Port, sold or disposed of as Slaves; and if any S fitted out as aforesaid, for the said purposes sail, so as aforesaid, every such Ship or Vesse apparel, and other appurtenances, shall be for States; and shall be liable to be seized, prosecute in any of the Circuit Courts or District Court for u the said Ship or Vessel may be found and seized.

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