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In COUNTIES, CITIES, BOROUGHS, &c. relative to the recent INQUIRY in the House of Commons, respecting the Conduct of the DUKE OF YORK. (Continued from p. 889.)
TOWN OF HUDDERSFIELD. At a numerous and respectable Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town and Neighbourhood of Huddersfield held this day, May 30, 1809, (in pursuance of public Notice given for that purpose,)- -Joshua Ingham, esq. in the Chair,-It was resolved unanimously,
1. That the grateful Thanks of this Meeting be given to G. L. Wardle, esq. for the undaunted, firm, and patriotic manner in which he brought forward, and prosecuted the late Inquiry into the Conduct of his Royal Highness the Duke of York; as his exertions to develope the existence of Abuses and Corruption, (during which the utmost influence of the whole phalanx of ministers, placemen, and pensioners, was used to intimidate, futilize, and baffle the evidence brought forward by him ;) not only occasioned the removal of his Royal Highness from office, but, by having opened the eyes of the country to the conduct of their Representatives, is likely to be productive of the happiest and most important consequences to the nation at large.
2. That the Thanks of this Meeting be also given to sir Francis Burdett, bart. (who seconded and supported the Motion of Mr. Wardle,) to lord Folkestone, Mr. Whitbread, sir S. Romilly, gen. Ferguson, adm. Markham, and the rest of the independent Minority of 125, who, by the manly avowal of their sentiments, and their conscientious and unbiassed Votes, in support of the said Motion, have shown themselves at once the Friends of the People and the Enemies of Corruption :Also, to W. Wilberforce, esq. and lord Milton, (members for this great and populous county,) for the support they gave to the said Inquiry.
3. That ministers, by their conduct during the late Investigation, in endeavouring to prevent the exposure and reform of abuses, and by ranging themselves as the defenders and supporters of delinquents, have acted in direct opposition to their duty, as servants of the nation.
4. That the patriotic exertions of the public, and their patient endurance of the enormous and extraordinary burdens imposed upon them, entitle them to expect the utmost vigilance and economy in the
administration of the public money; and that delinquents do not escape the infamy and punishment their peculation so justly merits.
5. That it appears by a Report laid on the table of the House of Commons, in June last, in consequence of a Motion made by lord Cochrane, (for that purpose,) that 78 of its members receive 178,9941. a-year, out of the taxes raised upon the people, and of course out of the money to watch over the expenditure of which they are appointed; being in direct opposition to the act of parliament commonly called the Act of Settlement, and in virtue of which act, his majesty's family was raised to the throne of this kingdom, and which expressly states, "That no person who has an Office, or Place of Profit under the king, or receives a Pension from the crown, shall be capable of serving as a member of the House of Commons:"-A radical Reform in the Representation of the Commons House of Parliament is, therefore, become absolutely necessary, to the restoration of the Constitution; and this Meeting highly approves of the Resolutions passed for that purpose, at the Crown and Anchor Tavern, London, on the first of May, 1809; believing that, without having recourse to theoretical speculations, or dangerous experiments in government, such a Reform, by recurring to the principles handed down to us by the wisdom and virtue of our forefathers, will effectually extirpate most, and check all those Abuses, the baneful effects of which are so widely extended, and so sensibly felt.
6. That it is, for the reasons abovementioned, the duty of the Inhabitants of Britain urgently, but temperately, to apply for the adoption of such measures as shall secure the reality and uses of representation, especially at this eventful moment, when all the nations that surround us have paid the forfeit of their corruption in the annihilation of their governments.
7. That the Thanks of this Meeting be given to those well-tried friends of their country, lord Cochrane, Mr. Madocks, major Cartwright, and other truly respectable characters, who are advocates for a full and fair Representation of the People in the Commons House of Parliament; a remedy which is equally necessary to the safety of the throne and the happiness and independence of the people.
8. That the Chairman be requested to sign these Resolutions as the act of this Meeting, and to transmit copies thereof to G. L. Wardle, esq. and to those gentle
men mentioned in the 2nd and 7th Reso- | composing a force of from 15,000 to lutions. JOSHUA INGHAM, Chairman. Resolved unanimously, That the Thanks of this Meeting be given to the Chairman, for his conduct in the Chair.
(To be continued.)
FRENCH ARMY IN AUSTRIA,-Sixth Bulletin
(concluded from p. 896.)
the enemy, 40,000 quintals, 400,000 rations of biscuits, and some hundred thousands of rations of bread. Austria had formed these magazines in order to march forward. They have been of great use to
Seventh Bulletin, dated Vienna, May 13.
16,000 men, and threw himself within the place. The duke of Montebello sent him an aide-de-camp with a summons; but some butchers, and a few hundred fellows, satellites of the archduke Maximilian, rushed upon the parliamentaire, and one of them wounded him. The archduke ordered the wretch who had committed this infamous action to be led in triumph through the city, mounted on the horse of the French officer, and surrounded by the militia.-After this unheard-of violation of the rights of nations, the horrid spectacle was seen of one part of the city drawing upon the other part, and citizens directing their arms against their fellow citizens. His Majesty assured the deputies of his protection. He expressed the pain which On the 10th, at nine of the morning, the inhuman conduct of their sovereign the Emperor appeared before the gates of had given him, who had not feared to deVienna, with the corps of marshal duke of liver up his capital to all the calamities of Montebello. It was at the same hour, on war-who, himself striking a blow at his the same day, and exactly one month after rights, instead of being the king and the Austrian army had passed the Inn, and father of his subjects, had evinced himself the Emperor Francis II. had rendered their enemy and tyrant. His Majesty himself guilty of a perjury, the signal of assured them that Vienna should be treated his ruin. On the 5th of May the arch- with the same indulgence and favour duke Maximilian, brother of the Empress, which had been displayed in 1805. The a young prince, 26 years of age, presump- deputation answered this assurance by extuous and without experience, of an ardent pressions of the most lively gratitude. At character, assumed the government of Vi- nine of the morning the duke of Rivoli, enna, and issued two Proclamations. Gen. with the divisions Saint Cyr and Boudet, Couroux traversed the suburbs, and gen. took possession of the Leopoldstadt. DurTharreau repaired to the esplanade which ing this time, lieut. gen. O'Reilly sent lieut. separates them from the city. At the gen. de Vaux and col. Bellonte to treat instant he reached it, he was received by for the capitulation of the place. The a discharge of musketry and cannon, and annexed capitulation was signed in the was slightly wounded. Of 300,000 inha- evening, and on the 13th, at six of the mornbitants who compose the population of Vi-ing, the grenadiers of Oudinot's corps took enna, the city, properly so called, which possession of the city. At nine of the evenis surrounded by a bastion and a counter-ing a battery of 20 obusses, raised by genescarp, scarcely contains 80,000 inhabitants and 1,300 houses. The eight fauxbourgs of the town, which have retained the name of suburbs, and are separated from the city by a vast esplanade, and covered on the side of the country by intrenchments, inclose more than 5,000 houses, and are inhabited by more than 220,000, who draw their subsistence from the city, where are the markets and shops. The archduke Maximilian had caused registers to be opened for collecting the names of the inhabitants who were willing to defend themselves. Thirty individuals only inscribed their names: all the others refused with indignation. Defeated in his hopes by the good sense of the people of Vienna, he collected ten battalions of the militia (landwher) and ten battalions of the line,
rals Bertrand and Navalet, at 100 fathoms from the place, began the bombardment: 1,800 obusses were shot in less than four hours, and soon the whole appeared to be in flames. One must have seen Vienna, its houses of eight or nine stories, its narrow streets, and numerous population, within so narrow a compass, in order to form an idea of the tumult, disorder, and disasters which such an operation could not but occasion.-The archduke Maximilian had, at one in the morning, caused two battalions to march in close column, in order to attempt retaking the pavilion, which covered the raising of the bridge. The two companies of voltigeurs received them with a discharge of musquetry, which, with the 15 pieces of artillery from the right side, destroyed a part of the co
pavilion on the left bank, in order to cover the raising of a bridge. The battalion of grenadiers which defended the passage was driven back by the voltigeurs, and by the grapeshot of fifteen pieces of artillery. At eight of the evening the pavilion was occupied, and the materials of the bridge collected. Captain Portales, aide-de camp of the prince of Neufchatel, and Susaldi, aide-de-camp of general Boudet, were among the first to swim across the river, in order to seek the boats on the opposite shore.
[The capitulation follows. It consists of sixteen articles, the substance of which is, that the garrison are permitted to march out with the honours of war; and after having defiled, to lay down their arms on the glacis, and surrender themselves prisoners of war. The officers to retain their property, and the soldiers their haversacks. All the public institutions to continue on the same footing, and the inhabitants to be protected in their properties, privileges, &c. The letter addressed by the prince of Neufchatel to the archduke Maximilian, is appended. It merely requests the archduke, for the sake of humanity, not to persist in his defence, as it would tend to the destruction of the capital and its citizens.]
lumn, and forced them to fly in great, nies of voltigeurs to occupy a small disorder. The archduke lost all presence of mind in the midst of the bombardment, and especially at the moment when he heard that we had crossed an arm of the Danube, and were on the march to cut off his retreat. As feeble and weak as he had been rash and arrogant, he was the first to fly and recross the bridge. The respectable general O'Reilly learnt only by the flight of the archduke, that he was invested with the command. Day-break on the 12th announced to the advanced guard, that the firing would cease, and that a deputation was about to be sent to the Emperor.This deputation was presented to his majesty in the park of Schoenbrunn. It was composed of col. Dietrichstein, provisional marshal of the states; the prelate of Klosternenbourg; the prelate of the Scotch; count Pergen; count Veterani; baron Bartenstein; M. de Mayenberg; baron Hafen, referendary of Lower Saxony; all the members of the state; the archbishop of Vienna; baron Lederer, captain of the town; M. Wohlleben, burghermaster; M. Meher, vice burghermaster; Egger, Pinck, Heisn, counsellors of the municipality. Gen. Andreossy, appointed governor of the city, organised in each suburb a municipality, a central committee of provisions, and a national guard, consisting of merchants, manufacturers, and the good citizens of every class, armed to repress proprietors and evil disposed persons (pour contenir les proprietaires et les mauvais sujets.) -The governor general caused a deputation of the eight suburbs to repair to Schoenbrunn.. The Emperor charged them to proceed to the city, in order to carry a letter written by major-gen. prince of Neufchatel, to the archduke Maximilian. He recommended the Deputies to represent to the archduke, that if he continued to fire upon the suburbs, and if a single one of the inhabitants lost his life through his arms, this act of frenzy, this crime against the people, would for ever break the bonds which attach subjects to their Sovereigns. The Deputation entered the In vain did the inhabitants represent to city on the 11th, at ten in the forenoon, him that a great city, raised by infinite and their arrival was marked only by the labour and expence to so high a pitch of redoubled fire from the ramparts. Fif grandeur, ought not to be exposed to the teen inhabitants of the suburbs perished, horrors and devastation with which war is and only two Frenchmen were killed. accompanied. Those representations, The patience of the Emperor was wearied however, only excited his passion, and his out. He proceeded with the duke of Ri-fury rose to such a height that he gave no voli to the arm of the Danube which separates the Pratar (the fashionable promenade of Vienna), and ordered two compa
The people of Vienna praise the archduke Reiner. He was governor of Vienna, but when the revolutionary measures ordered by the emperor Francis II. came to his knowledge, he refused to retain the government. The archduke Maximilian was therefore appointed in his stead. This young prince, who displayed all the thoughtlessness that could be supposed to belong to his age, declared that he would bury himself under the ruins of the town. He collected altogether all the restless, the indolent, and the worthless, of whom there is always a multitude in a great city, furnished them with pikes, and distributed all the arms which were in the arsenal.
other answer but the order to fire bombs and howitzers on the suburbs, which could kill the inhabitants only. The French
were protected by their fortifications, and could derive a farther security from the practice of war. The people of Vienna experienced the most painful anxiety, and the town was believed to be devoted to destruction, when the emperor Napoleon, to save the capital from the evils of a protracted detence, by rendering all defence evidently useless, ordered the troops to cross the arm of the Danube, and to take possession of the Pratar.-At 8 o'clock an officer informed the archduke that a bridge was established at that quarter, that a great number of the French had crossed by swimming, and were already on that side of the river. At this news the hot-headed prince grew pale, and was filled with terror. He passed the Pratar in all haste; sent every battalion he met back by the bridge, and made his escape without having formed any arrangement for the defence of the town, and even without transferring to any person the command which he was abandoning. This however, was the very same man who but an hour before had boldly pretended that he would bury himself under the ruins of the capital. The fate of the House of Lorraine was foreseen by all intelligent persons, though in other respects of the most opposite opinions. Manfredini obtained an audience of the Emperor, in which he represented to him that this war would long weigh heavy on his conscience, that it would bring about the downfal of his House, and that the French would soon be at Vienna, " Poh! Poh!" replied the Emperor," they are all in Spain."Thugut, in pursuance of the confidence which the Emperor formerly placed in him, took the liberty of making repeated representations.-The prince de Ligne said aloud," I thought I was old enough not to have outlived the Austrian monarchy." And when the old count Wallis saw the Emperor set out to join the army, he said, "there is Darius running to meet an Alexander: he will experience the same fate." -Count Lewis Von Cobentzel, the chief promoter of the war of 1805, was at this time lying on his death-bed; but 24 hours before he expired, he addressed a vigorous and animated letter to the Emperor. "Your majesty," he wrote, "ought to consider yourself as fortunate with respect to the situation in which the peace of Presburgh has placed you. You are in the second rank among the powers of Europe, which is the same that your ancestors occupied. Avoid a war for which no provocation is given, and which will produce the ruin of
your house. Napoleon will conquer, and will then have the right to be inexorable," &c. This last act of count Cobentzel rendered his departing moments truly interesting.-The prince of Zizendorf, minister for foreign affairs, several statesmen, who, like him, remained free from the contagion and fatal blindness of the moment; several other persons of distinction, and all that were respectable among the burghers, entertained the same sentiments, and spoke in the same manner. But the wounded pride of the emperor Francis II. the hatred of the archduke Charles against Russia, and the displeasure with which he viewed the close union between that empire and France, the gold of England, which had purchased the minister Stadion, the levity and inconsiderateness of some dozens of women, or effeminate men, the deceptions and false reports of count Metternich, the intrigues of the Razumowskis, the Dalphozzos, the Schlegels, the Gentzes, and other adventurers, whom England maintains for the purpose of sowing discord on the continent, have promoted this foolish, impious war.-Before the French were victorious in the field, it was said that they were few in number; that there were no more of them in Germany; that the corps consisted entirely of conscripts; that the cavalry were without horses; that the Imperial Guard had mutinied, and that the Parisians were in insurrection against the emperor Napoleon. After we had conquered, however, the French army was innumerable; it never was formed of more veteran or braver troops; the attachment of the soldiers to the emperor Napo leon, tripled and quadrupled their force; the cavalry was well mounted, numerous and formidable; the artillery was better served than that of any other nation, and moved with the rapidity of lightning, &c. &c.-Weak princes! Corrupt Cabinets! ignorant, fickle, besotted men! Such are the snares which England has these fifteen years constantly spread for you, and into which you will readily fall. But the catrastrophe you prepared is at length developed, and the peace of the continent is for ever secured.-Yesterday the Emperor reviewed gen. Nansoutz's division of heavy cavalry. He bestowed much praise on the appearance of this fine division, which, after so severe a campaign, exhibited 5,000 horses in order of battle. His majest v filled up the vacancies by new appointments, and bestowed the title of Baron, with an estate, on the bravest officer, and the decoration of the Legion of Ho
Ninth Bulletin, dated Vienna, May 19.
While the army was taking some repose at Vienna; while its corps were re-uniting, and while the Emperor was reviewing the troops, in order to distribute rewards to the brave men who had distinguished themselves, and filling up the vacancies which had occurred, every necessary pre
nour, with 1,200 franks, on the bravest cui- | for the execution of this Decree.-In our rassier of each regiment. We found at Imperial Palace, at Schoenbrunn, May 14. Vienna 500 pieces of cannon, a vast num- (Signed) NAPOLEON.-By order of the ber of gun-carriages and muskets, a great Emperor, ALEXANDER, Prince of Neufcha. quantity of powder, abundance of ready tel, major-general. made military accoutrements, and a heap of bullets and cast iron.-Only ten houses were destroyed during the bombardment. The people of Vienna remarked, that this misfortune had justly fallen on those who were the most zealous promoters of the war, and they perceived then that general Andreossy directed the batteries. The appointment of this general to the government of Vienna, has proved highly satis-paration was made for the important opefactory to all the inhabitants. He had left ration of the passage of the Danube. behind in the capital an honourable re- After the battle of Eckmuhl, prince Charles collection, and enjoys the general respect being driven to the other side of the Da of the people. A few days rest have nube, had no other refuge than the moungreatly benefited the army; and the tains of Bohemia.-By pursuing the reweather is now so fine, we have scarce any mains of prince Charles's army into the sick. The wine distributed to the troops interior of Bohemia, the Emperor might is in abundance, and of excellent quality. have taken from him his artillery and -The Austrian government has made as- baggage, but this advantage was not suftonishing efforts for the support of this ficient to counterbalance the hardships to war. It is calculated that the preparations which the army would have been exposed have cost above 300 millions in paper during a march of 14 days, through a money. The mass of bills in circulation miserable, mountainous, and desolate counexceeds in value 1,500 millions. The try.-The Emperor adopted no plan which court of Vienna has carried off the plates might procrastinate his entrance into Viof this sort of assignats, for which a part enna even for a day, as he rightly conof the mines of the monarchy are mort- jectured, that in the state of excitation gaged, that is to say, their security is a which prevailed, it would be attempted property almost chimerical, and over to present some obstacles by defending which the holders of the paper have no the town, which has a very good breastcontroul. While a paper money which work, provided with bastions. Besides, the public could not reject, and which his army of Italy demanded all his attendaily increased in value, was thus widely tion, and the idea that the Austrians were multiplied, the court, through the bankers in possession of his fine provinces of Frioli of Vienna, bought up all the gold that and Piave, never permitted him to repose. could be procured, and sent it to a foreign-The duke of Auerstadt was posted becountry. A month has scarcely elapsed since chests full of gold ducats, sealed with the Imperial seal, were forwarded by the north of Germany to Holland.
fore Ratisbon when prince Charles retreated into Bohemia ; but he immediately proceeded by Passau and Lintz to the left bank of the Danube, thus gaining four marches on that Prince. The corps of the prince of Ponte Corvo acted upon a like system, and made a movement towards Egra, which obliged prince Charles to direct the corps of gen. Bellegarde to
ORDER. 1. The Militia, called the Landwher, is disbanded.-2. A general amnesty is granted to all who belong to the said Militia, and who shall return to their homes at the farthest within 14 days after the entrance of our troops into the terri-wards the same point; but the prince of tory in which they have been raised.-3. If the officers do not return within the aforesaid time, their houses shall be burnt, and their property declared forfeited.-4. The villages which have furnished men for this Militia, called the Landwher, shall be bound to recal them, and to deliver up the arms they placed in their hands.-5. The commandants of the several provinces are charged with the necessary measures
Ponte Corvo made a bold counter-march towards Lintz, which he reached before gen. Bellegarde, who being aware of this counter-march had also moved towards the Danube. These manœuvres, performed from day to day, according to circumstances, have delivered Italy; have thrown the barriers of the Inn, of the Salza, of the Traun, and all the enemy's magazines, out of defence; have reduced Vienna, have