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French, king of Italy, &c.-Considering that the Council of Castile has shewn, in the exercise of all its functions, equal falsehood and feebleness :-That after having published throughout the kingdom the renunciation of king Charles the 4th, and of the princes Don Fernando, Don Carlos, Don Francisco, and Don Antonio, of the crown of Spain, and after having recognised and proclaimed our legitimate rights to the throne they had the meanness to declare, in the eyes of Europe, and posterity, that they only subscribed these different acts, with interior and perfidious restrictions:We have decreed and decree as follows:-Art. 1. The members of the Council of Castile are removed as cowards, and unworthy of being the magistrates of a brave and generous nation.-2. The presidents and procurators of the King shall be arrested as hostages. The other members of the Council shall be required to remain at Madrid in their houses, under pain of being prosecuted and punished as traitors; are nevertheless excepted from the present disposition, all the members of the said Council who shall not have signed the declaration of the 11th August 1808, as dishonourable to the dignity of the magistrate as to the character of the man.-(Signed) NAPOLEON.-H. B. MA
In our imperial camp of Madrid, Dec. 4. Napoleon, emperor of the French, &c.Considering that the religious of the different monastic orders in Spain are too multiplied :-That if a certain number be useful to assist the ministers of the altar in the administration of the sacraments, the existence of too considerable a number is injurious to the prosperity of the state.We decree as follows:-Art. 1. The number of convents at present existing in Spain, shall be reduced to a third.-This reduction shall be produced by uniting the religious of several convents in one single house.-2. Dating from the publication of the present decree, no admission to the noviciate, no religious profession shall be permitted until the number of the religious of each sex shall have been reduced to the third of the number of the said religious now existing. In conse quence, and in the space of a fortnight, all the novices shall quit the convents into which they have been admitted.-3. All the regular ecclesiastics who wish to renounce their usual living, and to live as secular ecclesiastics, shall be free to quit their houses.-4. The religious who shall so renounce, conformably to the preceding article, shall be admitted to the enjoyment of a pension whose amount shall be regulated by their age, but which shall not be less than 3000 reals, nor exceed the maximum of 4000.-5. Upon the amount of the property of the convents which shall be suppressed in execution of the first article of the present decree, shall be raised the sum necessary to increase the portion of the cures, so that the minimum of the salary of the curates shall be raised to In our imperial camp of Madrid, Dec. 4. 2400 reals.-6. The property of the sup Napoleon, emperor of the French, &c.- pressed convents which shall be disposable We have decreed, and do decree as fol- after the raising of the sum ordered by lows:-Art. 1. The tribunal of the Inqui- the foregoing article, shall be united to sition is abolished, as contrary to the civil the domain of Spain, and to be employed sovereignty and authority.-2. The pro- as follows:-1. The half of the said property belonging to the Inquisition shall be perty to guarantee the Vales and other put under sequestration, and be united to parts of the public debt.-2. The other the domain of Spain, to serve as a guaran-half to reimburse the provinces and cities tee for the Vales, and for all other parts of the public debt.-(Signed) NAPOLEON.
In our imperial camp of Madrid, Dec. 4, -Napoleon emperor of the French, &c. -We have decreed and do decree as follows-Art. 1. The Court of Cessation, erected by the second title, Art. 101 of the constitution of the kingdom of Spain, shall be immediately organized.-(Signed) NA
the expences occasioned by the supplying
In our imperial camp of Madrid, Dec. 4. Napoleon, emperor of the French, &c. We have decreed, and do decree as follows-Art. 1. The same individual cannot possess more than one commandery.— In our imperial camp of Madrid, Dec. 4. 2. From the 1st of January next, every Napoleon, emperor of the French, &c.individual possessing several commande- We have decreed, and decree as follows: ries, shall designate the one he prefers-Art. 1. Dating from the publication of preserving the others shall revert to the the present decree, the feudal rights are disposal of the King.-(Signed) NAPOLEON. abolished in Spain.-2. All personal dues,
Capitulation of the Town of Rosas.—Rosas, Dec. 5,1808.
all exclusive rights of fishery, or other rights of the same nature, on the coasts, rivers, and banks of rivers, all bannalities of mills are suppressed —Each shall be permitted by conforming to the laws, and give a free impulse to her industry.-browski, chief of the staff of the Italian (Signed)-NAPOLEON.
In our imperial camp of Madrid, Dec. 4,-Napoleon, emperor of the French, &c.-Considering that one of the establishments which are most injurious to the prosperity of Spain is that of the barriers existing between the provinces; We have decreed and decree as follows:-Art. 1. From the 1st of Jan. next, the barriers existing from province to province shall be suppressed. The custom-houses shall be removed, and established on the frontiers. -(Signed)-NAPOLEON.
Napoleon, emperor of the French, king of Italy, protector of the Confederation of the Rhine, &c. &c.-Taking into our conside.ation, that one of the greatest abuses which have been introduced into the finances of Spain, arises from the alienation of the different branches of the imposts, and that nevertheless imposts are from their nature inalienable, we have decreed, and do decree as follows:-From the publication of the present Decree, every individual who shall be in possession, either by grant from the King, or by sale, or by any other means, of any portion whatever of the civil or ecclesiastical imposts, shall cease to receive them, and those from whom they may be leviable, shall be answerable for the payment of their respective imposts to the agents of the King or of the treasury. The present Decree shall be published and registered in all the councils, courts, and tribunals, in order to its being carried into execu tion as a law of the State.-(Signed) NAPOLEON.-H. B. MARET.
Extract from the Minutes of the Office of Secretary of State.-Imperial Camp at Madrid, Dec. 12, 1808.
CAPITULATION of the town of Rosas and of the castle of the Trinity, entered into between messrs. the adjutant in chief Dom
division, commanded by general Pino, and chevalier Pio, colonel commandant of the 2d French regiment of the line, appointed by general of division Reille, aid-de-camp of his majesty the Emperor and King, on the one part, and messrs. col. Don Pedro O'Daly, governor cominandant of the fortress of Rosas, and of the castle of the Trinity, and Don Manuel Lemaur, col. of engineers, on the other part.-Art. 1.— The town and the fort shall be delivered in the course of the day, to the troops of his majesty the Emperor and King.-2. The garrison shall lay down their arms upon the glacis of the place, shall be prisoners of war, and conducted into France. officers shall keep all that belongs to them. -3. Immediately after the signature of the present Capitulation, one gate of the town of Rosas, and one gate of the castle of the Trinity, shall be given up to two companies of grenadiers.--(Signed)--JEAN DOMBROWSKI, Adjutant-Commandant, Chief of the Etat-Major.-Pro, ColonelMajor.-DON PEDRO O'DALY.-MANUEL LEMAUR.-The present Capitulation is approved of.-General of Division commanding the siege, REILLE.
Letter of the Supreme Junta to the Marquis de la Romana.-Dated, Tudela, Dec. 4, 1808.
Most Excellent Sir,-The king and lord, Ferdinand VII. and in his royal name the Supreme Junta of government of the kingdom, omitting no means which can any ways promote the safety and prosperity of the nation, has thought proper to resolve, that your excellency is not only to command the army, of which you are general in chief, but also the armies of Old Castile, Leon, Asturias and Galicia, superintending, with regard to all the said armies, the troops of the mass, and putting in requisition the horses, mules, and other measures, which are required to augment our army, and put it on that respectable footing which the present extraordinary cir cumstances require. His Majesty has been pub-informed, and sees with the deepest con cern, that to the want of subordination, cowardice is added by many, whence arises that scandalous desertion which excites astonishment in our allies and damps their general ardour. This conduct, so
WE Napoleon, emperor of the French, king of Italy, and protector of the confederation of the Rhine, have decreed, and do decree as follows,-Art. 1. All seignioral Courts of Justice are abolished in Spain.-2. There shall exist no other jurisdiction than the royal Courts of Justice. -3. The present Decree shall be lished and registered in all the councils, courts, and tribunals, in order that it may be executed as the Law of the State. (Signed) NAPOLEON.-H. B. MARet.
preference to any other business, to devote their exertions to the fabrication of arms and pikes; the latter being destined for those inhabitants who cannot be supplied with any sort of arms.--All persons refusing to enlist or deliver up horses, mules, and other necessaries, shall be committed as traitors to their country, and be punished in an exemplary manner. All vile deserters shall be shot as soon as apprehended, without any exception or mercy. Cowards who in an engagement with the enemy are the first to run away and cause disorder and confusion, may be killed on the
example to others.-All those gallant defenders of their country, worthy of the heroic Spanish names, who distinguish themselves by deeds of superior valour, shall be rewarded in such a manner that their names shall be handed down to posterity with those marks of public approbation which shall be best calculated to immortalize their glory.-MARQUIS DE LA Ro
contrary to the sentiments of true Spaniards, and which cannot be counteracted by mild measures, demands that your excellency should check it with all the rigour of military law, extending the punishment to all those who assist or protect deserters. For, this purpose his Majesty invests your excellency with the most ample power which may be required, to cause yourself to be promptly and implicitly obeyed, and cause the enthusiasm which begins to slacken in the Provinces, and especially in Old Castile, to be revived. To attain that end, extraordinary and vigorous measures are required, cal-spot for their own punishment, and as an culated to secure the safety of the nation, which cannot be done without the prompt and exemplary punishment of the vile and degenerate wretches who deceive their country and their King, by usurping the title of their defenders, while they are selling them to the enemy. From that severe punishment, such justices and places are not to be exempted as shew any slowness in checking disorder and confusion, or do not execute your excellency's orders with the necessary punctuality and zeal. His Majesty invests you with such great authority, in order that you may be convinced of the implicit confidence which he places in your energy and zeal. The necessary orders have been dispatched for that purpose to the respective juntas of government, that they may possess full knowledge thereof, and obey your excellency, to whom I communicate the above royal order for your information, and compliance with the same. God preserve your excellency many years.-MARTIN DE GARAY,
Ordinance of the Marquis in consequence of the above letter.-Dated, Leon, Dec. 1808. In pursuance thereof, I ordain that all the inhabitants of the kingdom of Castile, Leon, and Asturias and Galicia, of from 16 to 45 years of age, are immediately to arm themselves with such musquets, carbines,pistols, sabres, and every other description of arms as they have in their possession. That all young men unmarried without children, are to repair, without the least delay, to the places which shall be pointed out by the juntas of government in the respective provinces and districts, to be immediately incorporated with the armies. All other persons shall also arm to defend their respective provinces; all horses and mules belonging to any persons whomsoever, are put in a state of requisition, and immediately to be delivered up for the use of the armies. All armourers and smiths are, in
Proclamation of Sir David Baird, dated Astorga, 1st Dec. 1808.
THE events that have occurred in Biscay, and in the neighbourhood of the Ebro, have made it indispensibly necessary that the British troops should be concentrated, in order more effectually to assist and support the Spanish nation in the heroic exertions she is applying for the de.ence of her independance. Under these circumstances, lieut.-general sir D. Baird, com mander of the British division in Castile and Leon, informs the royal subjects of these kingdoms, that he has just received orders from his excellency sir J. Moore, commander in chief of his Britannic majesty's army in Spain, to unite his forces with those of the said general, without loss of time, by the road of Portugal -The object of this movement is in no re pect to evacuate Spain, or to abau lon a cuse so dear to Great Britain. The only design is to combine the whole of the British forces, in order to enable them to act in a situation where they can render their services more beneficial.--Gallicia, strong by nature, does not require for its protection a more numerous army, nor can it possess a more gallant one than the army of the left; composed principally of the courageous youth of the kingdom (province), which is now united in Leon under the orders of the highly distinguished comman der his excellency the marquis de la RoThe resort of more troops, in the
present circumstances, in the defiles of the ordinary ones that have hitherto been the mountains, would be prejudicial, since paid.-Ans. Granted, till the realm shall they would consume the provisions and definitively be organized.-VI. Our laws, other resources of the country, without in- customs, and courts of justice shall be precreasing its security.— To the worthy served in their present constitution.---Ans. inhabitants of these kingdoms the most Granted, until the kingdom undergoes its grateful acknowledgments are due from definitive organization.-VII. The French the British forces, for the hospitality and troops and their officers shall not be quarfriendship with which they have been tered in private houses, but in military treated in every situation: and the lieut.- lodging houses and tents, and by no means gen. hopes that the feelings of reciprocal in convents or monasteries; the privileges attachment and respect will prevail, not allowed to the respective classes by the laws only now, but that they will continue to being preserved.-Ans. Granted; it being animate both nations to the latest posterity. well understood that both the officers and —In taking leave of the subjects of this privates must have quarters and tents that part of the Peninsula, the lieut.- gen. feels are furnished conformably to the military it to be his duty to exhort them, by the loy-regulations, unless the said buildings be inalty they owe to their sovereign, by the af-sufficient.-VIII. The troops shall march fection they bear to their families, and by out of the town with the honours of war, all that is sacred in religion, to unite for the and be at liberty to retire whithersoever protection of their country.Unless the they chuse.-Ans. The troops shall march government and the people combine their out with the honours of war; they shall utmost efforts in this just and honourable march off by files to-day at four o'clock cause, Spain will be exposed to the most se- in the afternoon, and leave their arms and rious danger; but if these endeavours be cannon; the armed peasants shall also not wanting, under the direction of Divine leave their arms and artillery; after which Providence, all will terminate in victory the inhabitants shall retire to their houses, and happiness. and those from without the town to their villages. All the individuals that have enlisted among the troops of the line four months ago, shall be free from their engagements, and retire to their villages. All the rest shall continue prisoners of war till an exchange take place, which will commence immediately between equal num
Capitulation of Madrid.
From the Madrid Gazette, Dec. 7, 1808.-Capitulation proposed by the Military and Civil Junta of Madrid, to his Imperial and Royal Majesty the Emperor of the French.
Article I. The preservation of the Catholie, Apostolic, and Roman Religion, with-bers, and rank for rank.-IX. The public out any other being legally tolerated.Answer. Granted.-II. The liberty and security of the lives and properties of the citizens and other persons residing in Madrid, as well as of those in public employments: the preservation of their situations, or the option of their retiring from this Court, if they should prefer it. Likewise the lives, privileges, and properties of the secular and regular ecclesiastics of both sexes, together with the respect due to the churches, all in conformity to our laws and customs.-Ans. Granted.-III. The lives and properties of all military officers, of rank, are likewise to be safe.--Ans. Granted.-IV. No person shall be liable to persecution, on account of their political opinions or writings, any more than those employed in a public capacity, for what they may have done hitherto in the exercise of their employments, or in obedience to the former government; nor shall the people suffer for the efforts which they have made for their defence.-Ans. Granted.-V. No other contributions shall be exacted beyond
debts and engagements of the state shall be faithfully and constantly discharged.— Ans. This being a political object, belongs to the cognizance of the Assembly of the Realm, and depends on the general administration.-X. Those generals who wish to continue in the capital, shall preserve their rank; and such as are desirous of quitting it, shall be at liberty so to do.Ans. Granted: they shall remain in their station, although their pay can only continue till the kingdom receives its ultimate organization.-Additional Art. XI.—A detachment of guards shall this day, at four o'clock, take possession of the palace gates. The different gates of the city shall about the same time, be delivered up to the French army. The guard-house of the body guards, and the general hospital, shall be surrendered to the French army at the same time.-At the same hour the park of artillery, and the arsenals, together with the engineers, shall be surrendered to the French artillery and engineers.-The works and entrenchments shall be levelled, and
tyrant, with the design of misleading you' and bringing the supreme governing Junta of the kingdom into disrepute, spread reports that the latter have approved the capitulation of Madrid. This sovereign mea-body feel it to be their duty to contradict rumours, the object and tendency of which is to sow distrust between the government and the people, to produce general discouragement and anarchy, and to expose to contempt the sacred oath of your representatives.-Spaniards, the Supreme Junta, whose motto is, Death or liberty,' are far from approving of the capitulation of any town. That which recognizes the usurper, and submits to the law of the tyrant, is not
the streets repaired.-The French officer
Spanish-it is an enemy. These are the
Twentieth Bulletin of the French army, dated sentiments of the Supreme Junta-senti
Madrid, 19th Dec. 1808.
ments which they will never belie, in His Majesty this day reviewed the army told by the partizans of despotism, those word or deed; and whatever you may be which is at Madrid, with its equipments : and civil officers, 60,000 men, 150 pieces vile wretches who sacrifice to a miserable of cannon, and more than 1500 waggons self-interest the sacred rights of their counloaded with biscuit and brandy, formed an try, be assured that their reports are caimposing appearance, The right wing of lumnies-snares laid for you by the tyrant, the army was supported at Chamartin, and to entangle you in the mazes of his inferthe left stretched beyond Madrid. The nal policy. The country you have sworn duke of Bellune is at Toledo, with his corps to defend, the religion wherein you have of the army. The duke of Dantzic, with sworn to die, the spouses and offspring you his corps, is at Talavera de la Reyna. The have sworn to protect, a captive king whom eighth corps has reached Burgos.-Gene- you have sworn to rescue-all demand the ral St. Cyr has made a junction, at Barce- fulfilment of your promise.-And ye, brave lona, with general Duhesme. Our caval- inhabitants of Madrid, who refused your ry scours the country, to the confines of assent to a shameful capitulation, and rising Andalusia.—The Emperor has given the superior to others invested with command, army some days rest.-Excellent fortifi- and even to yourselves, preferred death to cations are completing on the heights of misery and slavery, persevere in your geMadrid; six thousand men are employed nerous resolution. The momentary occuupon the works. The small battering train, pation of the buildings of the city by the composed of 24 pounders and small morenemy is of no importance whilst they are tars, is arrived.-Some fifty men have not masters of your hearts. Continue to been found in the hospitals of Talavera resist them in the very bosoms of your fade la Reyna; two or three hundred sad-milies; place no confidence in their deceitdles, and some remains of the magazines ful professions; reflect that to every peowhich belonged to the English troops.ple they have promised happiness, and all Some detachments of their cavalry have apthey have plunged into misery. The Junpeared on the side of Valladolid. This is ta, who watch over your destiny, will cause the first sign of their existence in this counnumerous reinforcements to march to that try which the English have given. They have many sick, and deserters. On the 13th of this month, their army was still at Salamanca. So splendid an armamentso strange an inactivity for the last six weeks appears most unaccountable.-His Majesty enjoys the best state of health.
Proclamation of the Supreme Central Junta. Published at St. Mary's and Cadiz, on the 23d December.
SPANIARDS, the hired emissaries of the
unfortunate capital. They have not forgotten you; no! keep alive your hopes, retain your bravery and firmness, and your deliverance will be the more glorious, as the danger you have encountered has been great.
PORTUGAL. Proclamation of the government, dated, 11 Dec. 1808.
THE defence of the country being the first duty which honour, reason, and even nature itself, imposes on all men, when a barbarous nation, despising the most sacred