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quested to cause them to be rung from minated-while the chiming of the bells twelve to one o'clock in the same day and sounds of joy in the streets which swellAnd it is ordered that a Committee waited on the breath of eve, filled every viron the Commandant of Artillery, and request that he will cause a Federal Salute to be fired at sun-rise, noon, and sun-set, on the same glorious occasion. Committee-Room, Saturday Evening, April 22.
Triumph of Federal Policy-No Embargo. No French party-A return of Peace, Prosperity and Commerce.
All true friends of their country-all who are disciples of Washington, and disposed to support the Federal Ticket at the ensuing election, are requested to meet this day, at twelve o'clock, at the Circus, to consider the present state of our national affairs, and to support that system of Federal Politics which has at last compelled the administration to abandon a fruitless and self-destructive Embargo, and take the first step towards a settlement of our affairs with Great Britain, by accepting terms offered sixteen months ago; thus putting our differences with that nation in a train of being fairly and honourably adjusted, instead of French threats and confiscations abroad, and French influence at home.
tuous bosom with sensations of delight.What are the reflections which present themselves to the mind from a survey and recapitulation of this scene?—A natural association of ideas pourtray a people, who, after having long groaned under despotic restrictions, severe bondage, and oppressive laws, are suddenly emancipated by the firmness and virtue of inflexible patriots. To them do we owe these testimonies of gratitude and joy. And who are they? The Federalists of the Eastern States, who made a noble stand against unconstitutional and unjust oppression, and drove its authors from the iniquitous ground they had taken.
In COUNTIES, CITIES, BOROUGHS, &c. relative to the recent INQUIRY in the House of Commons, respecting the Conduct of the DUKE OF YORK. (Continued from p. 825.)
TOWN OF BLACKBURN.
An ADDRESS of Thanks from the Inhabitants of the Town and Neighbourhood of Blackburn, in the County of Lancaster, to G. L. Wardle, Esq. M. P. for his late Proceedings in the hon. House of Com
Yesterday, agreeably to notice, our citizens evinced public testimonies of their joy on the prospect of a restoration of THE wisdom of ages has been employed commercial intercourse with England. in forming and arranging the principles of The day was ushered in by a grand Federal the British Constitution. By the proviSalute, which was repeated at noon, and at sion of formidable checks to the progress sun-set. The shipping in harbour were of corruption, those principles are indecorated with their flags at mast-head during tended to operate in preserving at once the day. The American EAGLE, roused the liberty of the subject and the stabifrom despondency, once more soared among lity of the throne. But individual inthe stars, floating with fond complacency terests and designs are too often in oppoover resuscitated commerce, and expand-sition to their legitimate influence; and it ing his pinions in triumph at her resto- requires a rare combination of talents and ration. The ringing of bells and the thun- virtues to give to that influence, energy der of cannon spoke the feelings of freedom, and direction. In you, sir, we contemand proclaimed to the skies, the virtuous plate such a combination; and are desir enthusiasm of political friendship. Mu- ous of uniting our testimony with the tual felicitations were exchanged among voice of the kingdom in the public and our patriotic citizens, and the joys of the cordial expression of our thanks and conheart lighted up a smile on every counte- gratulations.-While we regret and repro nance. At twelve o'clock a very nume- bate those abuses of power and patronage rous and respectable assembly of Federal which have for a series of years so noto. Republicans met at the Circus. So large riously existed in the appointments to miand so animated an assemblage of Electors litary offices, we sincerely rejoice in the was never before witnessed in this country. disclosure of those improper transactions, Though the place will contain upwards during a recent Inquiry at the Bar of the of four thousand, it could not admit the House of Commons. For that Inquiry, whole who attended.-The city, in the and all its important consequences, we are, evening, was splendidly and fancifully illu- | sir, indebted to you; and we gratefully
acknowledge and highly applaud the independence and patriotism with which your investigations were commenced and concluded. We trust that the success which has rewarded your exertions, and the spirit of constitutional inquiry which now pervades the nation, will be felt by you as powerful motives to an uniform and courageous resistance of corruption, with whatever authority and splendour it may be invested.. Deeply convinced of the necessity of an immediate and general Reform of all the Abuses of the Executive Government, we behold with lively interest the results of other inquiries, and the proceedings of those best friends to the permanent welfare of the empire, with whom you are associated, and under whose auspices we look forward to a purer administration of affairs.-We cannot, sir, close our congratulations, without the further expression of our Thanks to those noble and honourable members, by whom you were supported in your late proceedings. And we would particularly express our approbation of the conduct of the representatives of the neighbouring borough of Preston (lord Stanley and Mr. Horrocks), because they appear to have been the only members in the county of Lancaster whose votes accorded with the evidence of facts and the opinions of the nation. With the sincerest wishes that you may enjoy a long protracted life of usefulness and honour, we subscribe ourselves, Sir, Your's, &c.
COUNTY OF WILTS. At a Mecting of the Freeholders, Landholders, and other Inhabitants of the County of Wilts, convened by the High Sheriff, and holden at the Council Chamber, in the City of New Sarum, on Wednesday, May 17, 1809;-Sir CHARLES WARRE MALET, in the Chair,-It was Resolved,
That the Thanks of this Meeting be given to G. L. Wardle, esq., for having instituted the recent Inquiry in the House of Commons, relative to the conduct of h. r. h. the Duke of York, as Commanderin Chief; for having, unconnected with, and unsupported by, any party or faction, prosecuted that laudable undertaking with unexampled magnanimity, talent, zeal, temper, and perseverance, and especially for having had the resolution to discharge his duty, in defiance of the threats and prejudices excited against him by the king's ministers, and by many of the leaders of the opposite party.
That the Thanks of this Meeting be given to Sir F. Burdett, bart., who seconded Mr. Wardle's motion, and also to Lord visc. Folkestone, for the active and able assistance he afforded to Mr. Wardle during the whole of the Inquiry.
That the Thanks of this Meeting be given to Lords visc. Milton and Althorpe, Lord Stanley, the hon. T. Brand, the hon. W. H. Lyttleton, Sir S. Romilly, knt., Major-General Fergusson, S. Whitbread, T. Curwen, T. W. Coke, H. Martin, T. Calcraft, and C. W. Wynne, esqrs., who, during such inquiry, stood forward the advocates of impartial justice, and also to the whole of the Minority of 125, who divided in favour of Mr. Wardle's motion, amongst whom we, as Wiltshire Men, observe with pleasure the name of that venerable and truly independent senator, William Hussey, esq., who, for nine successive parliaments, has represented the city of New Sarum with ability and perseverance, and with undeviating integrity and independence; of Thomas Goddard, esq., member for Cricklade, and of Benjamin Walsh, esq., member for WoottonBasset, in this county; while we observe, with indignation and regret, that the name of neither of the Members for this county does appear in that honourable list. And we also lament, that with the exception of Lord Folkestone, William Hussey, Thomas Goddard, and Benjamin Walsh, esqrs., we do not recognize in that list the name of any of the 34 Members who are sent to Parliament by the various Boroughs in this county.
That in adverting to the causes of the disgraceful acts revealed and demonstrated during this Inquiry, this Meeting cannot help observing, that in the act of parliament, commonly called the Act of Settlement, in virtue of which Act only his Majesty's family were raised to the throne of this kingdom, it is declared, "That no person who has an Office or "Place of Profit under the King, or re"ceives a Pension from the Crown, shall "be capable of serving as a Member of "the House of Commons." But that, notwithstanding the wise precautions of this Act, which is one of our great constitutional laws, and which, as its preamble expresses, was made for the further limitation of the Crown, and better securing the Rights and Liberties of the Subject, it ap pears from a Report laid before the House of Commons, in the month of June last, in consequence of a Motion made by lord Cochrane, that there are in that House
18 Placemen and Pensioners, who, though part of what they receive was not stated, are in the said Report stated to receive £178,994 a year, out of the taxes paid by the people, and out of that money, to watch over the expenditure of which they themselves are appointed.
That we observe the names of all those Placemen and Pensioners voting against Mr. Wardle's Motion.
That in the Act called the Bill of Rights, it is declared, "That the Election of Mem"bers of Parliament ought to be free;" and in the same Act it is declared, "That "the violating the freedom of Election of "Members to serve in Parliament, was "one of the crimes of King James II. and "one of the grounds upon which he was "driven from the throne of this king"dom." But that, notwithstanding that law, this Meeting have observed, that on the 11th instant, Mr. Madocks did, in the House of Commons, distinctly charge Mr. Perceval and lord Castlereagh with having actually sold a seat in Parliament to Mr. Dick, and with having endeavoured to prevail upon the said Mr. Dick to vote against Mr. Wardle in the case of the Duke of York; and that Mr. Madocks having made a motion for an inquiry into the said transactions, the House, by a very large majority, decided that there should be no such inquiry.
ments in the hands of a Minister. And we further declare, that from the proof we have always had of his Majesty's love for his people, we have full confidence in his royal support and protection, in our constitutional efforts, against a faction, not less hostile to the true dignity and just prerogatives of his Majesty's throne, than they are to the interest and feelings of his faithful, suflering, and insulted people.
That HENRY PENRUDDOCK WYNDHAM and RICHARD LONG, esqrs., the Representatives of this County, have, by their late conduct in Parliament, proved themselves undeserving the confidence of their constituents, and of the future support of this county.
Resolved unanimously, That the Thanks of this Meeting be given to the fligh Sheriff for calling the same, and for his impartial conduct in the Chair.
At the Court of the Queen's Palace, the 24th of May, 1809.-Present-The King's most excellent Majesty in Council:
Whereas his Majesty was pleased, by his Order in Council of the 26th of April last, to declare certain ports and places of the countries which have been lately styled the kingdom of Holland, to be subject to the restrictions incident to a strict and That from these facts, as well as nume- rigorous blockade, as continued from his rous others, notorious to us, and to the Majesty's former Order of the 11th Nov. whole nation, this Meeting have a firm 1807; and whereas advices have been reconviction, that it is in the House of Com-ceived of a certain Provisional Agreement mons, as at present constituted, that exists the great and efficient cause of all such scandalous abuses, in various departments of the State, as have, in other countries, alienated the subject from the Sovereign, and eventually produced the downfal of the state.
entered into by his Majesty's Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary in America, with the Government of the United States, whereby it is understood that his Majesty's Orders in Council of the 7th Jan. and of the 11th Nov. 1807, shall be withdrawn so far as respects the United States, on the 10th of June next.
That therefore this Meeting, anxious alike for the preservation of his Majesty's And whereas, although the said Provithrone and legitimate authority, and for sional Agreement is not such as was authe restoration of the rights and liberties thorised by his Majesty's Instructions, or bequeathed them by the wisdom, the forti- such as his Majesty can approve, it may tude, and the valour of their forefathers, hold already have happened, or may happen, it a duty which they owe to their Sovereign that persons being citizens of the said and his successors, to themselves and to United States may be led by a reliance on their children, and to the safety, happi- the said Provisional Agreement, to engage ness, and renown of their country, to de- in trade with and to the said ports and clare their decided opinion and convic- places of Holland, contrary to, and in viotion, that no change for the better can be lation of the restrictions imposed by the reasonably expected, without such a said Orders of the 7th Jan. and of the Reform in the Commons' House of Par- 11th Nov. 1807, as altered by the Order liament, as shall make that House in real- of the 26th April last; his Majesty, in ity, as well as in name, the Representa- order to prevent any inconveniences that tives of the People, and not the instru-may ensue from the circumstance above
recited, is pleased, by and with the advice of his Privy Council, to order, and it is hereby ordered, That the said several Orders shall be suspended, so far as is necessary for the protection of vessels of the said United States, so sailing under the faith of the said Provisional Agreement, viz. That after the 9th day of June next, no vessel of the United States, which shall have cleared out between the 19th of April last, and the 20th of July ensuing, for any of the ports of Holland aforesaid from any port of the United States, shall be molested or interrupted in her voyage by the Commanders of his Majesty's ships or privateers.
And it is further ordered, that no vessels of the United States, which shall have cleared out from any port of America previous to the 20th of July next, for any other permitted port, and shall, during her voyage, have changed her destination, in consequence of information of the said Provisional Agreement, and shall be proceeding to any of the ports of Holland aforesaid, shall be molested or interrupted by the Commanders of any of his Majesty's ships or privateers, unless such vessel shall have been informed of this Order on her voyage, and shall have been warned not to proceed to any of the ports of Holland aforesaid, and shall, notwithstanding such warning, be found attempting to proceed to any such port.
And it is further ordered, that after the said 9th day of June next, no vessel of the said United States which shall have cleared out, or be destined to any of the ports of Holland from any other port or place not subject to the restrictions of the said Order of the 26th of April last, after notice of such Provisional Agreement as aforesaid, shall be molested or interrupted in her voyage by the Commanders of his Majesty's ships or privateers, provided such vessel shall have so cleared out previous to actual notice of this Order at such place of clearance, or in default of proof of actual notice previous to the like periods of time after the date of this Order, as are fixed for constructive notice of his Majesty's Order of the 11th of Nov. 1807, by the Orders of the 25th Nov. 1807, and of the 18th of May, 1808, at certain places and latitudes therein mentioned, unless such vessel shall have been informed of this Order on her voyage, and warned by any of his Majesty's ships or privateers not to proceed to any port of Holland, and shall, notwithstanding such warning, attempt to proceed to any such port,
And his Majesty is pleased further to order, and it is hereby ordered, That the said several Orders of the 7th of Jan. and 11th of Nov. 1807, as altered by the said Order of the 26th of April last, shall also be suspended, so far as is necessary for the protection of vessels of the said United States which shall clear out, to any ports not declared to be under the restriction of blockade from any port of Holland between the 9th day of June and the 1st day of July next, provided always, that nothing that is contained in the present Order shall extend, or be construed to extend, to protect any vessels or their cargoes, that may be liable to condemnation or detention for any other cause than the violation of the aforesaid Orders of the 7th of Jan. and the 11th of Nov. 1807, as altered by the said Order of the 26th of April last.
Provided also, that nothing in this Order contained shall extend, or be construed to extend, to protect any vessel which shall attempt to enter any port actually blockaded by any of his Majesty's ships of war.
And the right hon. the Lords Commissioners of his Majesty's Treasury, his Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, and the Judge of the High Court of Admiralty, and the Judges of the Court of Vice-Admiralty, are to give the necessary directions herein as to them may respectively appertain.
FRENCH ARMY IN AUSTRIA.-First Bulle
tin, (concluded from p. 832.) The Austrian cavalry, strong and numerous, attempted to cover the retreat of their infantry, but they were attacked by the division of St. Sulpice on the right, and by the division of Nansoutz on the left, and the enemy's line of hussars and cuirassiers routed, more than 300 Austrian cuirassiers were made prisoners. As the night was commencing, our cuirassiers continued their march to Ratisbon. The division of Nansoutz met with a column of the enemy, which was escaping, and attacked it, and compelled it to surrender; it consisted of three Hungarian battalions of 1,500 men.-The division of St. Sulpice charged another division of the enemy, where the archduke Charles narrowly escaped being taken. He was indebted for his safety to the fleetness of his horse. This column was also broken and taken. Darkness at length compelled our
troops to halt. In this battle of Echmuhl, not above half of the French troops were engaged. The enemy, closely pressed, continued to defile the whole of the night in small divisions, and in great confusion. All their wounded, the greater part of their artillery, 15 standards, and 20,000 prisoners, fell into our hands.
In all these battles our loss amounted to
Battle of Ratisbon, and taking of that place. On the 23rd, at day break, the army advanced upon Ratisbon; the advanced guard, formed by the division of Gudin, and by the cuirassiers of Nansoutz and St. Sulpice, and they very soon came in sight of the enemy's cavalry, which attempted to cover the city. Three successive charges took place, all of which were to our advantage. Eight thousand of their troops having been cut to pieces, the enemy pre- On the 22d, the day after the battle of cipitately repassed the Danube. During Landshut, the Emperor left that city for these proceedings, our light infantry tried to Ratisbon, and fought the battle of Echget possession of the city. By a most un- muhl. At the same time he sent the duke accountable disposition of his force, the of Istria with the Bavarian division under Austrian general sacrificed six regiments general Wrede, and Moltor's division, to there without any reason. The city is proceed to the Inn, and pursue the two surrounded with a bad wall, a bad ditch, corps of the Austrian army beaten at and a bad counterscarp. The artillery Abensberg and Landshut.-The duke of having arrived, the city was battered with Istria arrived successively at Wilsburg some twelve pounders.' It was recollected and Neumark, found there upwards of 400 that there was one part of the fortifications carriages, caissons and equipages, and took where, by means of a ladder, it was pos- from 15 to 1800 prisoners in his march.sible to descend into the ditch, and to The Austrian corps found beyond Neupass on the other side through a breach mark, a corps of reserve which had arin the wall. The duke of Montebello rived upon the Inn. They rallied, and caused a battalion to pass through this on the 25th gave battle at Neumark, opening they gained a postern, and in- where the Bavarians, notwithstanding troduced themselves into the city. All their extreme inferiority, preserved their those who made resistance were cut to positions.-On the 24th the Emperor had pieces the number of prisoners exceed sent the corps of the duke of Rivoli from 8,000. In consequence of these unskilful Ratisbon to Straubing, and from thence dispositions, the enemy had not time to to Passau, where he arrived on the 26th. destroy the bridge, and the French passed The duke made the battalion of the Po pell-mell with them to the left bank. pass the Inn-it made 300 prisoners, reThis unfortunate city, which they were moved the blockade of the citadel, and ocbarbarous enough to defend, has suffered cupied Scharding.-On the 25th the duke considerably. A part of it was on fire of Montebello had orders to march with during the night, but by the efforts of ge- his corps from Ratisbon to Muhldorff. neral Moraud, and his division, it was ex- On the 27th he passed the Inn and protinguished: Thus, at the battle of Abens-ceeded to the Salza.-To-day, the 27th, berg, the Emperor beat separately the two corps of the archduke Louis and general Keller; at the battle of Landshut, he took the centre of their communications, and the general depôt of their magazines and artillery; finally, at the battle of Eckmuhl, the four corps of Hohenzollern, Rosenberg, Kollowrath, and Lichtenstein, were defeated. The corps of general Bellegarde arrived the day after the battle; they could only be witnesses of the taking of Ratisbon, and then fled into Bohemia,
the Emperor has his head-quarters at Muhldorf.-The Austrian division, commanded by general Jellachich, which occupied Munich, is pursued by the corps of the duke of Dantzic.-The king of Bavaria has shewn himself at Munich. He afterwards returned to Augsburg, where he will remain some days, intending not to fix his residence at Munich till Bavaria shall be entirely delivered from the enemy.-On the side of Ratisbon the duke of Auerstadt is gone in pursuit of prince