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example of purity, and of keeping alive | that spirit of liberty, which alone can tend to regain for the people of England the blessings of the Constitution to which they are entitled.
great and dangerous abuses in the various departments of government-and that by restoring to the House of Commons its constitutional and rightful character of being a fair and faithful Representation of the People, such Reform would render that body amiable and venerable in the
IN COUNTIES, CITIES, BOROUGHS, &c. re-estimation of their constituents-would lative to the recent INQUIRY in the House of Commons, respecting the Conduct of the DUKE OF YORK. (Continued from p. 798.)
BOROUGH OF WARWICK. At a respectable Meeting of the Burgesses and Inhabitants of the Borough of Warwick, held at the Court-House, on Tuesday, 16th May, 1809, pursuant to a Requisition presented to the Mayor for that purpose: THOMAS COLLINS, esq., Mayor, in the Chair:
It was Resolved unanimously
1. That the Inquiry in the House of Commons, relative to the conduct of his Royal Highness the late Commander in Chief, has proved, to the conviction of the whole country, the existence of flagrant abuses in the administration of public affairs-most disgraceful in themselves to the British name-and most injurious in their effects to the prosperity of the British Nation.
2. That the Thanks of this Meeting be presented to Gwyllim Lloyd Wardle, esq, for his intrepidity in commencing, and his firmness and moderation in conducting that Investigation, which has eventually turned the attention of an indignant people towards a System of Corruption, which no plea of prescription can justify-no sophistry can palliate-no intrigues of party can long shelter from detection and disgrace.
3. That the Thanks of this Meeting are due to the 125 Members of the House of Commons, who by their conduct in the progress, and by their vote at the conclusion of the late Inquiry, have proved themselves the wise and faithful friends, both of the Sovereign and of the People.
4. That the late decision of the House of Commons, standing in direct opposition to the clear and decided opinion, and offering the grossest violence to all the best feelings of the nation, exhibits a most striking and melancholy proof of the present imperfect Representation of the People in Parliament.
5. That in the opinion of this Meeting, a timely, temperate, and well-conducted plan of Parliamentary Reform can alone afford an effectual security against all
contribute essentially to the happiness and true glory of the Sovereign-would give their due weight to property, talent, and virtue in the Senate-and promote the collective interest of a free, enlightened, and generous nation.
6. That these Resolutions be signed by the Chairman in behalf of the Meeting, and a copy thereof transmitted to G. L Wardle, esq.
COUNTY OF CORNWALL.
At a numerous and respectable Meeting of Gentlemen, Clergy, Freeholders, and other Inhabitants of the County of Cornwall, held at Bodmin, in the said county, on Monday, the 15th inst. in pursuance of public notice given for that purpose, EDWARD COODE, gent. Undersheriff (in the absence of the High Sheriff') in the Chair:
Resolved, 1st. That the Thanks of this Meeting be given to G. L. Wardle, esq., for his manly and patriotic exertions in bringing forward his Charges against the Duke of York, and for instituting an Inquiry in the course of which the evil prac tices that have prevailed in the corrupt disposal of Promotions in the Army, have been exposed, and by which the Duke of York has been compelled to resign.
2nd. That the Thanks of this Meeting are particularly due to those Members of Parliament, who by their personal exertions, or by voting in the Minority of 125, afforded unqualified and efficient support to Mr. Wardle in these laudable undertakings.
3rd. That the Thanks of this Meeting be given to the Representatives of the county, and to all those Members who voted in the Minorities upon the other questions relative to the Duke of York, upon which the House of Commons divided.
4th. That in the opinion of this Meeting the decision of the House of Commons, "that there was no ground to charge his
Royal Highness with any connivance at "the corrupt and infamous practices dis"closed in the evidence," is contrary to the general sense of the nation.
5th. That Corruptions notoriously exist
in other departments of the state, as brought to light by different Committees of the House of Commons.
6th. That the state of the public mind, the example and fate of the nations on the Continent (particularly of France) and the critical situation of the country with respect to foreign powers, imperiously demand a system of constitutional reforma
7th. That in the opinion of this Meeting the corruptions which have been suffered to accumulate to so grievous an extent in this country, are to be traced to the defective state of the representation.
Sth. That it is therefore the firm conviction of this Meeting that a Reform in the Representation of the People in the Commons' House of Parliament is the only effective corrective of existing abuses, and that the only security against future corruptions will be the restoring to the people that share of the elective franchise which the public good requires, and to which they are entitled by the principles of the British Constitution.
sible to preserve peace by means of sacrifices, and as long as these sacrifices were consistent with the honour of the throne, with the security of the state, and with the welfare of the people, the heart of our bountiful sovereign suppressed every painful feeling in silence; but when all endeavours to preserve happy independence from the insatiable ambition of a foreign conqueror prove fruitless, when nations are falling around us, and when lawful sovereigns are torn from the hearts of their subjects, when in fine the danger of uni-. versal subjugation threatens even the happy states of Austria, and their peaceable fortunate inhabitants; then does our country demand its deliverance from us, and we stand forth in its defence.--On you, my dear brother soldiers, are fixed the eyes of the universe, and of all those who still feel for national honours and national prosperity. You shall not share the disgrace of becoming the tools of oppression. You shall not carry on the endless wars of ambition under distant climes. Your blood shall never flow for foreign Protest against the Resolutions. fleets and foreign covetousness; not on WE the undersigned, do hereby so- you shall the curse alight to annihilate inlemnly enter our Protest against the Re- nocent nations? and over the bodies of solutions relating to a Reform in Parlia- the slaughtered defenders of their country to ment entered into at the County Meeting pave the way for a foreigner to the usurped held at Bodmin, on Monday, the 15th of throne. A happier lot awaits you; the May 1809, as tending in our opinion to liberty of Europe has taken refuge under results the most mischievous to the exist- our banners. Your victories will loose its ing constitution and the safety of the fetters, and your brothers in Germany, country.-Eliot, De Dunstanville, &c. F. yet in the ranks of the enemy, long for Gregor, Francis Glanville, F. Hearle their deliverance. You are engaged in a Rodd, Wymond Cory, W. Morshed, Ed- just cause, otherwise I should not appear ward Rodd, Thomas Graham, Charles at your head.-On the fields of Ulm and Mayson, W. S. Gully, S. Gurney, Wil-Marengo, whereof the enemy so often reliam Paul, Ph. Carlyon, C. T. Kempe, mind us with cstentatious pride, on these John Baron, William Baker, John Pome- fields will we renew the glorious deeds of roy, John Edyean, P. S. Pomeroy, H. Wurtsburgh and Ostrach, of Liptingen Rogers, W. Rashleigh, Davies Giddy, John (Stockach), and Zurich, of Verona, of the Row, J. A. Norway, John Arthur, F. Trebbia and Novi. We will conquer a O'Dogherty, N. Norway, William Bail, lasting peace for our country; but the Edmund Gilbert, Thomas lichens, John great aim is not to be attained without Rickard, Joseph Hawkey, Charles Rash-great virtues. Unconditional subordinaleigh, William Reynolds, J. Hext, J. J. Keigwin, John Rogers, jun. William Gregor, John Every, J. W. Colenso, Robert Flamank, Thomas Robins, R. K. Frost, John Wallis, Thomas Penwarne, E. Hobling, William Pye, Lewis Marshall, W. Burrows, Edmund Cartheu.
tion, strict discipline, persevering courage, and unshaken steadiness in danger, are the companions of true fortitude. Only a union of will, and a joint co-operation of the whole, lead to victory. My sovereign and brother has invested me with extensive powers to reward and to punish. I will be every where in the middle of you, and you shall receive the first thanks of your country from your general on the field of battle. The patriotism of many of the Austrian nobility has anticipated your wants: this is a pledge in the fullest
measure, of the public gratitude: but
sions of Bavarians under the duke of Dantzic, were placed as follows: The first division, commanded by the Prince Royal, at Munich; the second, by gen. Deroi, at Landshut; and the third, by gen. de Wrede, at Strauburgh. The Wurtemburgh division at Heydenheim. The Saxon troops encamped under the walls of Dresden. The corps of the duchy of Warsaw, commanded by prince Poniatowsky, in the environs of Warsaw.-On the 10th the Austrian troops invested Passau, where they surrounded a battalion of Bavarians, and at the same time invested Kufftein, where there was another battalion of Bavarians; these movements took place without even a shot being fired. The Austrians published the subjoined Proclamation in the Tyrol. The Bavarian court quitted Munich for Dillingen. The Bavarian division which had been at Landshut went to Altorff, on the left bank of the Iser. The division under the command of general de Wrede marched upon Neustadt.-The duke of Rivoli left Ulm for the environs of Augsburgh. From the 10th to the 16th the enemy's army advanced from the Inn to the Iser; there were several skirmishes between parties of the cavalry, in which the Bavarians were successful.-On the 16th, at Pfaffenhoffen, the 2d and 3d regiments of Bavarian light horse completely routed the hussars of Stipschitz and the Rosenberg dragoons. At the same time the enemy appeared in large bodies for the purpose of forming at Landshut, the bridge was broken down, and the Bararian division commanded by general Duroy vigorously opposed this movement of the enemy, but being threatened by the columns which had passed the Iser at Moorberg and Freysing, this divison retired in good order upon that of general Wrede, and the Bavarian army took a cen
CHARLES, Archduke, Generalissimo.
FRENCH ARMY.-First Bulletin, dated Ratisbon, Apr. 24, 1809.
THE Austrian army passed the Inn on the 9th April; that was the signal for hostilities, and Austria declared an implacable war against France and her Allies, and the Confederation of the Rhine.-The following were the positions of the French army and her Allies:-The corps of the duke D'Auerstadt at Ratisbon. The corps of the duke of Rivoli at Ulm. The corps of gen. Oudinot at Augsburgh. The headquarters at Strauburgh. The three divi
Departure of the Emperor from Paris on the 13th.
The Emperor learnt by the telegraph. in the evening of the 12th, that the Austrians had passed the Inn, and he set out from Paris almost immediately. He arrived at three o'clock on the morning of the 16th at Louisburg, and in the evening of the same day at Dillingen, where he saw the king of Bavaria, and passed half an hour with that prince, and promised in 15 days to restore him to his capital, to revenge the insults which had been offered to his house, and to make him greater than any of his ancestors had ever been. On the 17th, at two o'clock in the morn
ing, his Majesty arrived at Donauworth, where he immediately established his head-quarters, and gave the necessary orders. On the 18th the head-quarters were removed to Ingolstadt.
Battle of Pfaffenhoffen on the 19th.
Austrian troops who had been led from Vienna with music and with songs, and under a persuasion that there was no longer any French army in Germany, and that they would only have to deal with Wirtemburghers and Bavarians, disOn the 19th general Oudinot quitted played in the strongest manner, the resentAugsburg and arrived by break of day at ment they felt against their chiefs, for the Pfaffenhoffen, where he met three or four error into which they had been led; and thousand Austrians, which he attacked, their terror was the greater when they saw and took three hundred prisoners. The those old bands which they had been acduke de Rivoli arrived the next day at customed to consider as their master.-In Pfaffenhoffen. The same day the duke of all these battles our loss was inconsiderAuerstadt left Ratisbon to advance to Neu- able, compared with that of the enemy, stadt, and to draw near to Ingolstadt. It who lost a number of general officers and was then evident that the plan of the Em- others, who were obliged to put theinperor was to out-manoeuvre the enemy, selves forward to give courage to their who had formed near Landshut, and to troops. The prince of Lichtenstein, geattack them at the very moment when neral Lusignan, and others were wounded. they, thinking they were commencing the The loss of the Austrians in colonels and attack, were marching to Ratisbon. officers of lower rank was considerable.
Battle of Tann, on the 19th.
at Abensberg; he gave orders to the duke of Auerstadt to keep the corps of Hohenzollern, of Rosenberg, and Lichtenstein, in check, while with the two divisions of Moraud and Guden, the Bavarians and the Wirtemburghers, he attacked the army of the archduke Louis and general Keller in front, and caused the communications of the enemy to be cut off by the duke of Rivoli, who passed by Freyberg, and from thence proceeded to the rear of the Austrian army. The divisions of Moraud and Guden formed the left, and manœuvred under the orders of the duke of Montebello. The Emperor determined to fight that day at the head of the Bavarians and Wirtemburghers.
Battle of Abensberg on the 20th. On the 19th, by break of day, the duke The Emperor resolved to beat and deD'Auerstadt began his march in two co- stroy the corps of the archduke Louis and lumns. The divisions of Moraud and Gudin gen. Keller, which amounted to 60,000 formed his right, the divisions of St. Hil-men. On the 20th, his majesty took post laire and Friant formed his left. The division of St. Hillaire arrived at the village of Pressing, and there met the enemy, superior in number, but inferior in bravery, and there the campaign was opened by a battle, which was most glorious to our arms. General St. Hillaire, supported by general Friant, overturned every thing that was opposed to him, and took all the positions of the enemy, killed a great number of them, and made between 6 and 700 prisoners.The 72d regiment distinguished itself on that day, the 57th maintained its ancient reputation. Sixteen years ago this regiment obtained in Italy the name of the Terrible. In this action they maintained their pretensions to that title; they attacked singly six Austrian regiments in ficers of these two armies to form a circle, succession, and routed them. On the left, and addressed them in a long speech. The at two o'clock in the afternoon, gen. Mo- Prince Royal of Bavaria translated into raud also fell in with an Austrian division, German what he said in French. The which he attacked in front, while the duke Emperor made them sensible of the conof Dantzic, with a corps of Bavarians, fidence which he reposed in them. He which had marched from Abensberg, at- told the Bavarian officers that the Austacked then in the rear. This division trians had always been their enemies, that was soon driven from all its positions, and they now wished to destroy their indeleft several hundreds in killed and priso- pendence; that for more than 200 years, ners. The whole regiment of the dra- the Bavarian standard had been displayed goons of Levenher was destroyed, and its against the Austrians. But at this time he colonel killed by the Bavarian light-horse. would render them so powerful that they At sun-set the division of the duke of alone should be able to contend with the Dantzic formed its junction with that of the house of Austria. He spoke to the Wirduke of Auerstadt. In all these affairs gene- temburghers of the victories they had rals St. Hillaire and Friant particularly dis- obtained over the house of Austria, when tinguished themselves. Those unfortunate they served in the Prussian army, and of
He ordered the of
magazines which the Austrians had began to form. Some couriers and aides-de-camp of the commander in thief, prince Charies, and some convoys of wounded sa a, coming from Landshut, also fell into our hands.
Battle of Echmuhl, on the 224.
the advantages which they had recently obtained from the campaign in Silesia. He told them all, that the moment was come for carrying the war into the Austrian territory. This speech was repeated to the different companies by the captams, which produced an effe t which may easily be conceived. The Emperor then gave the signal for battle, and planned While the battle of Abensberg and that his manœuvres according to the particular of Landshut produced such important co character of the troops. General Wrede,equences, the archduke Chere had forma Bavarian officer of great merit, wased a junction with the Bohemen army stationed at Siegenburgh, and attacked under Kollowrath, ani obtained so se an Austrian division, which was opposed to partial success at Ratisbon. One thou him. General Vandamme, who com- sand of the 65th, who were left to guard manded the Wirtemburghers, attacked the bridge of Ratisbon, and who had not the enemy on their right flank. The received orders to retreat, having expe duke of Dantzic, with the division of the ed the'r cartridges, and being surrounded Prince Royal, and that of general Deroy, by the Austrians, were obliged to surrenmarched toward the village of Renhausen. der. This event made an impression upon in order to reach the grand road from the Emperor, and he swore that in 24 Abensberg to Landshut. The duke of hours Austrian blood should flow in RatisMontebello, with his two French divisions, bon to resent the insult which had been forced the extremity of the enemy's left, offered to his arms. During tas time the and overthrew every thing that was op- dukes of Auerstadt and Dantz.c held in posed to him, and advanced to Rohr and check the corps of Rosenberg, HohenRosemburgh. Our cannonade was suc- zollern, and Lichtenstein. There was no cess ul on all points. The enemy, discon- time to be lost. The Emperor began his certed by our movements, did not fight march from Landshut, with the two divifor more than an hour, and then beat a sions of the duke of Montebello, the corps retreat. Eight standards, 12 pieces of of the duke of Rivoli, the cuirassiers of cannon, and 18,000 prisoners, were the Nansoutz and St. Sulpice, and the Wirresult of this affair, which cost us but a temburgh division. At two o'clock in the few men. afternoon they arrived opposite Echmi where the four corps of the Ausulan army, consisting of 110,000 men, had taken a position under the command of the archduke Charles. The duke of Montale lo attacked the enemy on the left, with the division of Gudin. On the first signal the divisions of the dukes of Auerstadt and Dantzic, and the division of light cavalry of general Men brun, took their position. One of the most beautiful sights which war can present then presented itself, 110,000 men attacked on all points, turu
The Battle of Landshut, and taking of
The battle of Landshut having laid open the flank of the Austrian army, and all their magazines, the Emperor, by break of day, on the 21st, marched upon Landshut. The duke of Istria defeated the enemy's cavalry in the plain before that city. The general of division Mouten, made the grenadiers of the 17th advance to the charge on the bridge, forming the head of a column. This bridge, whiched on their left, and successively driven was of wood, was set on fire, but that was from all their positions, the detail of the not an obstacle to our infantry, who force events would be too long; it is sufficient it, and penetrated into the city. The to say, that the enemy were completely enemy, driven from their position, were routed; that they lost the greater part then attacked by the duke of Rivoli, who their cannon, and a great number of prihad advanced by the right bank. Land-soners; and that the Austrians, driven shut fell into our power, and with Land- from the woods which cover Ratisbon, shut we took 30 pieces of cannon, 9,000 were forced into the plain, and cut off by prisoners, 600 ammunition waggons, 3,000 cavalry. baggage waggons, and the hospitals and
(To be continued.)
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