« PreviousContinue »
and to draw more close the ancient and, ples of a good administration, can alone legitimate bond which unite the two worlds.'
Speech of D. Pirerra, in the name of the Tribunal of Alcaldes de Casa y Corte of Madrid. Sire; The Alcaldes of the Imperial Household and Metropolis have the honour to present to your Imperial and Royal Majesty, the respect and homage of their Tribunal. They are ordered to present to you the most humble thanks, for the clemency with which your Majesty, the conqueror of Madrid, has been pleased to treat this city, and implore you to forget its errors; that your Majesty will be pleased to receive the assurance of the fidelity with which this city will obey your august Brother, a promise of which all the inhabitants are hostages; and that your Majesty will be pleased to grant their earnest entreaties, that his Royal Majesty may honour them with his presence, and take the reins of government. The Tribunal will omit nothing which depends upon itself, in order to confirm the people in the sentiments with which they are animated, purging them from the evilminded who tried to seduce them, and will consider it as a great felicity to be furnished with the means of shewing their attachment to your august person, and that of the beneficent Sovereign, whom it hopes to receive at your hand.
The Speech of D. Juan Masanillo, Corregidor of Madrid, in the name of the City of Madrid, of the Body of Nobility, of the Ecclesiastical Body, of the five Corporations, &c. &c. Sire; The whole city of Madrid has repaired to the churches. Its first sentiment was that of thanking Heaven for the clemency which your Majesty evinced towards the capital, and through which we have escaped the calamities which threatened us. Its second sentiment has been that of fidelity and obedience towards its king Joseph. We have the honour of presenting to-day to your Imperial and Royal Majesty, the register which contains 27,500 signatures by fathers of families, and by all the heads of houses established in the capital. The city of Madrid will be faithful to its king. It has changed us to lay this assurance at the feet of your Majesty, and to promise in its name that its sentiments will never change. A prince who unites all the great qualities which distinguish our king, who, by his aliance with your Majesty,
us a perpetual peace upon the continent, who is endowed with every generous sentiment, and with all the princi
assure the felicity of Spain, and re-establish the prosperity of the state. The whole city of Madrid implores you, Sir, to entrust to it the person of the King. The felicity of Spain will not commence again, until he shall be restored to the wishes of his subjects. It will be only from the date of this day, that Spain will enjoy the hope of being for ever sheltered from the calamities which factions, civil dissensions, and bad citizens, draw after them.'
Thirtieth Bulletin, dated Valladolid, Jan. 21.
The duke of Dalmatia left Betanzos on the 12th inst. Having reached the Mero, he found the bridge of Burgo cut. The enemy was dislodged from the village of Burgo. In the mean while general Franceschi ascended the river, which he crossed at the bridge of Sela. He made himself master of the high road from Corunna to Santiago, and took six officers and 60 soldiers prisoners. On the same day a body of 30 marines, who were fetching water from the bay near Mero, were taken. From the village of Perillo, the English fleet could be observed in the harbour of Corunna.-On the 13th, the enemy caused two powder magazines, situated near the heights of St. Margaret, at half a league from Corunna, to be blown up. The explosion was terrible, and was felt at the distance of three leagues.-On the 14th, the bridge at Burgo was repaired, and the French artillery was able to pass. enemy had taken a position at two leagues distance, half a league before Corunna. He was seen employed in hastily embarking his sick and wounded, the numbers of whom, according to spies and deserters, amounts to 3000 or 4000 men. The English were in the mean while occupied in destroying the batteries on the coast, and laying waste the country on the sea shore. The commandant of the fort of St. Philip, suspecting the fate intended for his fortifi cation, refused to admit them in it.-On the evening of the 14th we saw a fresh convoy of 160 sail arrive, among which were four ships of the line.On the morning of the 15th, the divisions Merle and Mermet occupied the heights of Villaboa,
where the enemy's advanced guard was quantity of ammunition and other effects, stationed, which was attacked and de-belonging to the hostile army. A great number of wounded were picked up in the suburbs. The opinion of the inhabitants on the spot, and deserters, is, that the number of wounded in the battle exceeds 2500 men. Thus has terminated the English expedition which was sent into Spain. After having fomented the war in this unhappy country, the English have abandoned it. They had disembarked 38,000° men and 6000 horses. We have taken from them, according to calculation, 6,500 men, exclusive of the sick. They have reembarked very little baggage, very little ammunition, and very few horses. We have counted 5,000 killed and left behind. The men who have found an asylum on board their vessels are harrassed and dejected. In another season of the year not one of them would have escaped. The facility of cutting the bridges, the rapidity of the torrents, which in winter swell to deep rivers, the shortness of the days, and the length of the nights, are very favourable to an army on their retreat. Of the 38,000 men whom the English had disembarked, we may be assured that scarcely 24,000 will return to England. The army of Romana, which at the end of December by the aid of reinforcements, which it had received from Gallicia, con-' sisted of 16,000 men, is reduced to less than 5000 men, who are wandering between Vigo and Santiago, and are closely pursued. The kingdom of Leon, the province of Zamora, and alt Gallicia, which the English had been desirous to cover, are conquered and subdued. The general of division Lapisse has sent patroles into Portugal, who have been well received there. General Maupetit has entered Salamanca; he met there with some sick of the English troops.
stroyed. Our right wing was stationed on the point where the road from Corunna to Lugo, and that from Corunna to Santiago meet. The left was placed behind the village of Elvina. The enemy was stationed behind some beautiful heights.-The rest of the 15th was spent in fixing a battery of 12 pieces of cannon; and it was not till the 16th, at three o'clock in the afternoon, that the duke of Dalmatia gave orders to attack. The assault was made upon the English by the first brigade of the division Mermet, which overthrew them, and drove them from the village of Elvina. The second regiment of light infantry covered itself with glory. General Jardon, at the head of the Voltigeurs, wrought a terrible carnage. The enemy, driven from his positions, retreated to the gardens which surround Corunna.-The night growing very dark, it was necessary to suspend the attack. The enemy availed himself of this to embark with precipitation. Only 0000 of our men were engaged, and every arrangement was made for abandoning the positions of the night, and advancing next day to a general attack. The loss of the enemy has been immense. Two of our batteries played upon them during the whole of the engagement. We counted on the field of battle more than eight hundred of their dead bodies; among which was the body of general Hamilton, and those of two other general officers, whose are unacquainted with. We have taken 20 officers, 300 men, and 4 pieces of canon. The English have left behind them more than 1500 horses, which they had killed. Our loss amounts to 100 killed, and 150 wounded.-The colonel of the 47th regiment distinguished himself. -An ensign of the 31st infantry killed with his own hand an English officer, who had endeavoured to wrest from him his eagle. The general of artillery Bomgeat and col. Fontenay have signalized themselves. At day-break on the 17th, we saw the English convoy under sail. On the 18th, the whole had disappeared. The duke of Dalmatia had caused a carronade to be discharged upon the vessels from the fort of Santago. Several transports ran aground, and all the men who were on board were taken. We found in the establishment of the Palloza (a large manufactory, &c. in the suburbs of Corunna, where the English had previously been encamped), 3000 English muskets. Magazines also were seized, containing a great
Intercepted Letter.-St. Jago, Jan. 6. 1803.
"I suppose, my dear friend, you are already acquainted with my arrival at this place; I have been here these eight days, with a detachment composed of troops from seven different regiments. We are guarding the magazines that are here; and I hoped to continue at St. Jago for some months, which would have given me great pleasure. As I am a person of some consequence, I am never addressed but as a Seignor, the Commander of the English troops; I am well lodged, and have an agreeable society about me, all which comforts I shall be very sorry to quit. The French are the most uncivil people
in the world. I think they have very | In the engagements which took place durlittle to eat or drink themselves, and, ing the retreat, and prior to the battle of therefore, they have nothing to do but to Corunna, two English generals were killed, annoy us poor fellows, when we are just and three wounded. General Crawford is sitting down to a good repast.—Last night named among the last. The English have I was called up by a Spanish dragoon, lost every thing that constitutes an army who brought letters from Corunna, inform- -generals, artillery, horses, baggage, ing me that a part of our army would ammunition, magazines. On the 17th, at soon reach St. Jago, and that I must hold day-break, we were masters of the heights myself in readiness to march along with that command the road to Corunna, and it upon Vigo. I could not close my eyes the batteries were playing upon the Engthe whole night, for thinking at every in- lish convoy. The result was, that many of stant that our troops were arrived; but the ships were unable to get out, and were till the present moment not one man has taken at the capitulation of Corunna. Five made his appearance; and I begin now to hundred horses were also taken still alive, think that the whole has been a dull joke. 16,000 muskets, and a great deal of battering As you are nearer the theatre of war than cannon abandoned by the enemy. A great myself you will oblige me by giving me a number of magazines are full. of preserved true account of the present state of affairs. provisions (munition confectionnes), which If there is reason to think that we are the English wished to carry off, but were going to re-embark, and to be, as it were, obliged to leave behind. A powder magahunted out of the kingdom, without ever zine, containing 200,000lbs. weight of coming to blows, a pretty figure we shall powder, has also fallen into our hands. make of it! I think I already hear COR- The English, surprised by the issue of the BETT's sarcasms upon us, who will not fail battle of the 16th, have not even had time to to represent us as the heroes of Spain, destroy their magazines. There were even cooped up in their own transports. (Sign-300 English sick in the hospital. We found ed) L. E. THURN.”
in the port seven English ships-three were loaded with horses, and four with troops. They could not get out. The fortress of The English regiments bearing the num- Corunna is of an extent which secures it bers 42, 50, and 52, have been entirely from a coup de main. It was therefore destroyed in the battle of the 16th, near impossible to enter it before the 20th, in Corunna. Not 60 men of each of these virtue of the annexed capitulation. In corps embarked. The general in chief, Corunna we found above 200 pieces of Moore, has been killed in attempting to Spanish cannon. The French Consul Fourcharge at the head of this brigade, with croy, the general Quesnel, and his staff; the view of restoring the fortune of the M. Bougars, officer of ordnance; M. Taday. Fruitless efforts! This troop was boureau, auditor; and 350 French soldiers dispersed, and its general slain in the midst or seamen, who had been made prisoners of it. General Baird had been already either in Portugal or on board the ship wounded. He passed through Corunna Atlas, have been delivered up. They exto get on board his ship, and did not get press great satisfaction at the conduct of his wound dressed till he got on board; the officers of the Spanish navy. The Engit is reported that he died on the 19th. lish will have gained by their expedition After the battle of the 16th, a dreadful the hatred of the Spaniards, shame, and night passed at Corunna.-The English dishonour. The flower of their army, entered in confusion and consternation. composed of Scotchmen, has been either The English army had landed more than wounded, killed, or taken. General Fran80 pieces of cannon; only 12 were receschi has entered St. Jago de Compostella, embarked the remainder has been taken where he found some magazines and an or lost; and by a return made, we find English guard, which he took. He marched ourselves in possession of 60 pieces of Eng- immediately upon Vigo. Romana appeared lish cannon. Independent of two millions to have taken this route with 2500 men, of treasure the army has taken from the all that he could rally. The division of English, it appears that a treasure more Mermet marched on Ferrol. The air about considerable has been cast away among Corunna is infected by the carcases of the rocks and precipices which border 1200 horses whom the English killed in the road from Astorga to Corunna. The the streets. The first care of the duke of peasants and the soldiers have collected Dalmatia has been to provide for the resa great quantity of silver among the rocks.toration of salubrity, equally important to
the soldiers and the inhabitants. General, Alzedo, governor of Corunna, appears to have taken part with the insurgents only from the constraint of force. He took the oath of fidelity to king Joseph Napoleon with enthusiasm. The people manifest the joy they feel at being delivered from the English.
Convention between his excellency the Marshal Duke of Dalmatia, and Commander in Chief of the Troops of his Majesty the Emperor and King in Gallicia, and General Don Antonio Alzedo, Military and Civil Go-king the oath of fidelity described in the
furnished to them as to the French troops. The officers, and those employed in the royal marine, who are at Corunna, are included in the present Article, and must await at Corunna, the orders of the minister of Marine.-5. The Military of the gar rison, whatever their rank, who wish to quit the service, shall be at liberty to retire to their respective habitations, after due form, under the authority of his exthey shall have received their dismissal in cellency the minister at war; and on ta
vernor at Corunna.
second Article.-Such as refuse to take such oath shall be considered prisoners of war.-6. The property of the inhabitants shall be respected, and no contribution shall be levied on them, but a subsistence for the troops in garrison shall be provided by the province. That the places of publie worship, and the government, shall be placed under safe custody; religion shall be respected, and its ministers shall be protected in the exercise of their functions.
Art. 1. The place of Corunna, the fortified works, the batteries and ports which depend on it, artillery, ammunition, magazines, charts, plans, and memoirs, shall be given up to the troops of his majesty the emperor and king, Napoleon. For this purpose his excellency the marshal duke of Dalmatia shall be at liberty to take possession of the gate called the Lower Tower (la tour d'en bas,) this evening.-2.-7. The administration of the royal reThe Spanish garrison which is in Corunna; the persons in civil authority, as well judicial as administrative or financial; the clergy, and the inhabitants in general, shall take the oath of fidelity and homage to his majesty the king of Spain and the Indies, Don Joseph Napoleon.-3. The persons concerned in the civil administration, as well judicial as financial; the intendant general of the kingdom of Gallicia and of the province of Corunna, the Corregidors, Alcaldes, and other functionaries, shall be provisionally preserved in their employments, and shall exercise their functions in the name of his majesty king Joseph Napoleon. All the acts of the civil administration shall be made in the name of his said majesty.--4. The military of the garrison, whatever be their rank and employment, may enter into the service of his majesty, king Joseph Napoleon, and be allowed to retain the same rank, after having taken the customary oaths of fidelity and allegiance, as is provided in the second Article.-For this purpose a list of the names of the principal and interior officers and soldiers shall be made out. This list shall be certified by his excellency general Don Antonio D'Alzedo, governor of Corunna, to the end that a particular destination may be given to the military, according to the orders of his excellency the minister of war in the kingdom of Spain; but in the mean time the military shall wait at Corunna. The means of subsistence and quarters shall be
venues shall be continued as heretofore,
ters, and signed the surrender of the place. On the 27th, at seven o'clock in the morn
in his own name as well as in the name of his majesty king Joseph Napoleon, shall be extended to the garrison and the inhabi-ing, the town was occupied by the division
tants of Corunna, as also to persons who have filled official situations. For this purpose no individual shall be prosecuted, arrested, or punished, for any share they may have had in the disturbances which have agitated the kingdom, nor for their speeches, writings or actions, the measures, resolutions, or orders, which have been adopted or executed during the commotions. The benefit of the same general amnesty shall be extended to all the towns, villages, and communes of the kingdom of Gallicia, as soon as they shall have submitted, and as soon as the inhabitants shall have taken the oath of fidelity to his majesty the king Joseph Napoleon.-13. The laws, customs, and dress of the people shall be preserved without any infringement, or modification; the laws shall be those which are, or shall be established by the constitution of the kingdom.-Done at Corunna, the 19th day of Jan. 1809. (Signed) Marshal the Duke of DALMATIA. ANTONIO DE ALZEDO.
The duke of Dalmatia, being arrived before Ferrol, caused the place to be invested. Negociations were begun. The civil authorities, and the military and naval officers, manifested a disposition to surrender; but the people, fomented by the spies whom the English had left, resisted. On the 24th, the duke of Dalmatia received two messengers, one sent by admiral Melgarejo, commander of the Spanish squadron, and the other, who came across the mountains, sent by the military commanders. These couriers were both sent without the knowledge of the people. They stated that the authorities were under the yoke of a furious populace, excited and paid by the agents of England, and that 8000 men belonging to the city and its environs were in arms.-The duke of Dalmatia had to resolve upon opening the trenches; but from the 24th to the 25th various movements were manifest in the town. The 17th regiment of light infantry had repaired to Murgardos; the 31st regiment of light infantry were at the forts of La Palma and St. Martin, and at Lagrana; and as they blockaded the fort St. Philip, the people began to fear the consequences of an assault, and to listen to men of sense. On the 26th, three flags of truce, furnished with authority, and the annexed letter, arrived at the head quar
Mermet, and by a brigade of dragoons. On the same day the garrison was disarmed; the disarming also produced 5000 musquets. The people who do not belong to Ferrol, have been remanded to their villages. The men who had stained themselves with blood during the insurrection, have been arrested. Admiral Obregon, whom the people had arrested during the insurrection, has been put at the head of the arsenal. There have been found in the port three vessels of 112 guns, two of 88, one of 74, two of 64, three frigates, and a considerable number of corvettes, brigs, and unarmed vessels, more than 1500 pieces of cannon of every size, and ammunition of all kinds. It is probable that, but for the precipitate retreat of the English, and the affair of the 16th, they would have occupied Ferrol, and seized this beautiful squadron. The military and naval officers have taken the oath to king Joseph with the greatest enthusiasm. What they relate of their sufferings from the lowest classes of the people and the English, is inconceivable. Order reigns in Gallicia, and thre authority of the king is re-established in this province, one of the most considerable of the Spanish Monarchy.-General Laborde has found at Corunna, on the sea shore, seven pieces of cannon, which the English had buried on the 16th, not being able to take them away. La Romana, abandoned by the English and his own troops, has fled with 500 men, in order to throw himself into Andalusia. There remained at Lisbon only about 4 or 5000 Englishmen. All the hospitals and all the magazines were embarked, and the garrison were preparing to abandon this nation, as indig nant at the perfidy of the English, as they are disgusted by the difference of manners and religion, by the continual and brutal intemperance of the English troops, and that arrogance and ill founded pride which renders this nation odious to the Continent.
Thirty-third Bulletin, dated Paris, March 9
"The duke of Dalmatia arrived at Tuy on the 10th February. The whole province is subdued.--He collected all his forces in order to cross the Minho on the following day. He was to reach Oporto between the 15th and 20th, and Lisbon between the 20th and 28th.-The English have embarked at Lisbon, in order to aban don Portugal. The rage of the Portuguese