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"peared) who received the deposit. "From what he had said, it would be seen "that Government had determined to inquire "into and proceed against these abuses a con"siderable time before the hon. gentleman brought the subject of inquiry before the "House. -Oh! no, no, no!-No, no! Not a considerable time." Mr. Wardle brought forward his charges on the 27th of January; but, he gave notice of his intention so to do about a week before that. Well, this leaves but eight days between Mr. Perceval's receiving" the gentleman's" letter, and the notice of Mr. Wardle, which notice, observe, must, in this case, be coupled with the threat of Mrs. Clarke, sent to Mr. Adam so long ago as the month of June last. Eight days is not what we mean by a "considerable time," | in such cases; nor must we allow Mr. Wardle thus to be deprived of this part of the effect of his exertions.. Besides, though Mr. Perceval got the " gentle"man's" letter (Mr. Wardle always mentioned names) on the 12th of January, it does not follow, that he set the Solicitor of the Treasury to work before Mr. Wardle gave notice of a motion. This does not follow; and, if I had been one of the House, I would have called for names, dates, and papers of all sorts. The great object, in this most curious movement, evidently was, to cause the public to believe, that the government was, of itself, disposed to put a stop to these shameful transactions, and that it would have done it, if Mr. Wardle had never been born; and, the proof is, that it had actually set to work, even before his notice of any charges zvas given.To believe this, we must also believe that there has been a very wonderful concurrence; a wonderful jumping of judgment. Yes, we must believe; it does not signify talking about "a gen"tleman's letter; we must believe it to be very strange indeed, that, just at this time, the government should have taken the first, the very first step, in the detection and punishment of those who buy and sell offices and places; and that an advertisement, too, should set them to work, though thousands of such advertisements have appeared, during the last 10 or 15 years. Very strange, indeed! But, though Mr. Wardle did not give his notice till the 20th of January, or thereabouts, will Mr. Perceval say, that he did not hear of Mr. Wardle's intention so to do, long before the 20th or even the famous 12th of January? Will he say, that he did not hear of this? I did. I heard

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of it in the first week of January, and, I believe, on the 2nd day of the month; and the intention, as being publicly rumoured, was mentioned to me in a letter, the day after my return home, which was on the 9th of January. Nay, must it not have been known to the ministers before the 12th of January? Must not this have been the case, from the inquiries of Mr. Wardle? He says, that he had been about a month at work to get at his facts; and, will any one believe, that the ministers were not well acquainted with all his movements? Aye, from the first or second day of them, at the latest. The moment Mr. Wardle began his inquiries, the whole gang of jobbers would, of course, be in alarm, and like a nest of hornets, disturbed by the intrusion of the spade, would begin to fly about, in all directions. Such a thing could not be kept secret for half an hour; and, are we, good souls as we are, to believe, that the ministers would be the last to hear of it?-Now, then, let us look back again at what this very Mr. Perceval said in the Debate, the evermemorable Debate, of the 27th of January, which see at page 201 of this volume. Having read that passage, having recolleeted the loud and general laugh," which the House set up, when they heard Mr. Wardle's description of the office in Threadneedle Street; and having also called to mind the scoffs, which, on account of this part of his statement, the ministerial papers, and particularly the Nabobs' Gazette, uttered against Mr. Wardle; having thus refreshed his memory, the reader will be the better able to judge, whether the prosecution, now mentioned by Mr. Perceval, would ever have taken place had it not been for Mr. Wardle's most admirable conduct.Again. As Mr. Perceval was in possession of such facts, before Mr. Wardle brought forward his charges, how came Mr. Perceval to speak, generally, as to that gentleman's charges, as he did? Might not one have reasonably expected to hear him, who was in possession of such facts, speak more on Mr. Wardle's side, and not op pose him in his mode of inquiry, not hold the language of defiance, language calculated to throw discredit upon all that Mr. Wardle said?It remains to be accounted for, too, why this acknowledgment of the ministers, as to the existence of the traffic, was kept back 'till after the inquiry was over, 'till after such damning proofs had been produced? This is a very important circumstance. Being in pos

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session of such facts, one would have ex-government, that the preparation for this pected to hear Mr. Perceval taking the prosecution was going on before Mr. Warfirst opportunity to state them, and to ac- dle brought forward his charges, and that knowledge that Mr. Wardle had but too he (Mr. Perceval), on the 27th of January, good grounds for his statement respecting pretended ignorance" of such practices, the Threadneedle Street Office.. But, on only for the purpose of keeping from the the contrary, Mr. Wardle had to go through parties any suspicion of the measures that the whole inquiry, with the denial, the flat were taking to entrap them.—From denial, against him, that the ministers these propositions; this chain of undeniknew any thing of any such practices.-The able facts, the reader will easily decide, concise view of the matter is this: That whether the prosecution, now said to be Advertisements, for the purchase and sale undertaken, has proceeded purely from of offices and places under government, the disposition of the government to pu have appeared, in all the News-papers, nish such infamous practices; or whether for many years past, to the number of it has proceeded from a desire, on the many hundreds in every year, with as part of the government, to save itself from much boldness as the advertisements for the effects of a suspicion that it had partiMr. Packwood's razor strops, or Doctor cipated in, or, at least, winked at, such Spilsbury's drops;—that, more than a practices, and that it never would have year ago, and more than once, I took such attempted to put a stop to them, had it advertisements for my motto, and, in an not been for Mr. Wardle.This quesessay, or in essays, upon the subject, call- tion the reader will easily decide, and, as ed upon Mr. Perceval himself, to know he must be convinced, that it is a question why such offences were not punished by of great importance, I trust the decision law; that it now appears, that the will remain deeply imprinted on his mind. government has always had the power of It must be, I think, clear to every man of punishing such acts by law;that no only common discernment, that what is such punishment, and that no prosecution now going on, must, sooner or later, lead for any such offence, has ever taken place, to momentous events. To, I hope and nor have we ever heard, that the govern- trust, a great, a radical, and a salutary ment has ever made any inquiry into the change; a change that shall destroy no matter;-that in June, 1808, Mrs. Clarke branch of our excellently formed governsends letters to Mr. Adam, threatening an ment, but that shall renovate them all. The exposure of her practices under the Duke great misfortune of other governments of York;that in December, or in the has been, that, while the higher classes first days of January last, Mr. Wardle sets have" indulged," as Burke calls it, "in to work making inquiries, as to the prac- "all their vicious humours," the second tices of Mrs. Clarke, and as to the prac-class have been, by one tie or another, intices of other dealers in offices and places under government ;-that, on the 20th of January, Mr. Wardle gives notice of a motion respecting the Duke of York;that, on the 27th of January he brings forward his charges against the Duke, and states, at the same time, that there is an office in Threadneedle Street for the sale of offices and places under government: that Mr. Perceval (one of the king's ministers) treats this statement in a manner whence it appears that he discredits the existence of such practices ;--that Mr. Wardle, between the 27th of January and the 23rd of February, pursues his charges against the Duke, and produces undeniable proof of the existence of such practices to a great extent that, after all this, and on the 24th of February, out comes Mr. Perceval with information to the House, that he knew of such practices on the 12th of January, that the parties in one instance, are under prosecution by the

duced to remain in inactivity, and that, at last, the work of reform has fallen to the hands of the lower class; and, then, need we wonder at the wild work they have made? That we now stand in need of reform, there is no man, not even a trading Anti-Jacobin, will attempt to deny. That a reform must and will come, is, I think, as evident; and, is it not, then, the duty of persons in the middling rank of life to act in such a manner as to prevent the danger of this work of reform falling into the hands of those, who cannot be supposed capable of managing it well? To talk of a love of country is as easy as to talk of any thing else. The country calls for deeds, not words. The excuses of her professed lovers are exactly those made by the Calf, to "THE HARE WITH "MANY FRIENDS."

« Older and abler pass you by;

"How strong are those! How weak am I!

"Should I presume to bear you hence,
"Those friends of mine might take offence.
"Excuse me, then,-You know my heart;
"But dearest friends, alas! must part.
"How shall we all lament! Adieu!

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torn paper,
for unsold Numbers, for porter-
age, for carriage of paper, for postage, for a
salary to the publisher, for warehouse-room,
for divers other expences, which cannot
easily be stated, but which amount to a
great sum in the course of the year; so that,
in the end, I have not, for my constant and
infinite labour, nearly one-half so much
left, as, with the same application, I could
gain in various other ways.The daily
news-papers are, indeed, sold for sixpence,
and the printing of them is still more ex-
pensive. The same may be said of all the
weekly news-papers. But, then, look at
their Advertisements, which, in some of
those papers, amount frequently, to forty
or fifty pounds a day, Three shillings
from each advertisement is taken in tax;
but, the insertion of the smallest advertise-
ment is, I believe, charged at six shillings;
and, if it be charged at a guinea or two
guineas, the tax is still but three shillings.
Indeed, if it were not for this gain upon
the advertisements, and for certain para-
graphs, the insertion of which is paid for,
a daily paper never could stand. There
is three-pence halfpenny for the stamp, a
penny for the paper, and a penny for the
news-man; so that there is a halfpenny
left to pay for printing; to pay the Editor,
who cannot have less than nine or ten
pounds a week; to pay four, five, or six

For, see, the hounds are just in view." But, to the coldness of the Calf's friendship (to give it the mildest term) we, if we remain inert, add the grossest of folly; because in the fate of the country, our own fate is inextricably involved. Evils, when taken in time, are deprived of half their mischievous qualities. Yet, though this is so manifestly the time for the people to beseech the king to adopt such measures as shall effectually guard them, in future, against the effects of a system of corruption like that which now stands exposed before them, not a county, not a city, not a town, not a village, not a single man do we see bestir himself. The whole population of the kingdom seem to stand by as unconcerned spectators; or, at best, to discover little more than mere curiosity; and this, too, at a moment, when, by a constitutional exercise of their rights, their opinions, the opinions which they all entertain, respectfully but plainly expressed, might, and would, speedily produce a reform equally advantageous to their sovereign and themselves, and hurtful to none but the domestic and foreign foes of their happiness and of their country's indepen-gentlemen for reporting debates, at the dence.It was not thus that our forefathers acted towards us; and it is not thus that we ought to act towards our children.

Botky, Thursday, 2 March, 1809.

TO THE READER.

BEING under the necessity of raising the price of this publication, from ten-pence to one shilling, I beg leave to state the grounds, upon which, after long hesitation, I, at last, reluctantly do it. When the work was begun I paid twenty-four shillings a ream for the paper; I now pay forty-three shillings a ream; and, it is well known, that printers' work has greatly augmented in price since that time.- Of the tenpence, at present received, three-pence halfpenny goes, in advance, for the stamp, the discount upon which is scarcely sufficient to meet the loss from torn stamps, to say nothing of the unsold numbers; the paper costs more than a penny, allowing nothing for torn paper; to the news-man the allowance is two-pence. Here is sixpence halfpenny out of the ten-pence, leaving only three-pence halfpenny for printing, for

of

rate of about five guineas a week each, all the year round; to pay for a large house, necessarily in the most expensive part London; to pay for foreign news-papers, which, if I am not mistaken, cost each of the principal daily papers from two to three hundred pounds a year; to pay for postage; to pay numerous other even heavy charges, which it would tire the reader to enumerate; and, at last, to leave the proprietor, necessarily a man of talent and enterprize, a compensation for his time and for the use of his capital, to say nothing of what he has sunk in rearing the establishment. From this statement, though a very defective representation of the expences, the reader will, at once, see, that the stamp, which has gone on rising from a halfpenny to three-pence halfpenny, would amount to a complete prohibition against the printing of a daily paper at sixpence, were it not for the advertisements, which, by-the-bye, no paper is sure of obtaining.Of all the things that are taxed, nothing is so heavily taxed as this sort of periodical publications. The tax is paid, too, upon the nail, even before the article is made fit for sale. But,

still the tax is, in proportion, heavier upon | are the grounds, upon which I make the proposed rise in the price of this work, which rise will begin with the Number that will be published on the 18th of March, in order to afford time to gentlemen, who live in the country, to discontinue the work, if they should be disposed to do it on account of the augmentation of price. The step has been taken by me with great reluctance; but, I am persuaded, that there are few persons, who are indulgent enough to set a value upon the effects of my labour, would wish that that labour should go without something like an adequate compensation.

me (who have no part of my matter, the insertion of which is paid for) than it is upon the proprietors of daily papers. My work is, in fact, not a news-paper; nor has it any of the lucrative qualities of a newspaper; the nature of its matter would exempt it from the news-paper stamp, but then, without the stamp, it could not be circulated by means of the post-office.--The stamp-office allows the daily papers a discount of £. 16 per cent. for torn and untold Numbers; while it allows me but £.4. 188. per cent. the reason of which has never appeared to me, seeing that, from the very nature of my work, it is evident that I must lose more than the daily papers by unsold Numbers. A daily paper, when it finds its edition too small, can repeat the interesting matter the next day; but, I am obliged to print an over number; because the time for the repeating is at too great a distance.I do not complain of this tax, as a tax; for, though it certainly tends to lessen the power of the press, it is one of those taxes, the manner of levying which does not trench upon a man's personal freedom; but, I have always thought, and I still think, that my publication, in proportion to what is received for each sheet, is, beyond all measure, more heavily taxed than the daily and weekly news-papers, each of which contains so much of value in their advertisements and paid-for paragraphs; and I also think, that even in a mere fiscal point of view, the stamp upon all the news-papers is impoliticly high. At the same time I think it right to say, that, during the six years that I have carried on this publication, I have never met with any thing annoying, in any department of the Stamp-Office; and that, as often as I have had any thing to do with the Commissioners, I have never found them, under any ministry, disposed to put me to any inconvenience, and that, upon a recent occasion, I have had to acknowledge their indulgence.Of the two-pence, now to be added to the price of the Register, a lf-penny will go in additional allowance to the news-men, who, when their labour and their house-rent and their credit are all duly considered, have not too much allowed them. The wonder is, indeed, how they can make the business answer; and it is only that incessant application to business, to be found no where but amongst London tradesmen, that could possibly secare a profit from such a trade.

-Such

I

It has been stated to Mr. Budd of Pall Mall, who has sent the statement to me, that "the Marchioness of Stafford has no pension, and never had any ;" and that it is supposed, that the error, in my statement, arose from the late Marchioness having had a pension, as Lady of the Bedchamber to the Duchess of Brunswick. really do not see why the people of England ought to have paid a pension on such an account; but, as to the fact, there is no error in my statement, as will appear from the following extract, under the head of pensions per annum, as they stood on the 5th January, 1807. "Gower, Countess, now Marchioness of Stafford, £.300."See the Report, laid before parliament, in June 1808, page 134.

OFFICIAL PAPERS. SPANISH REVOLUTION.-Twenty-seventh Bulletin of the French Army of Spain, continued from page 320.

-The English army suffers considerably; it has no longer ammunition and baggage, and half the English cavalry is on foot. Since our departure from Benevente up to the 5th instant, we counted on the road 1800 English horses, that had been killed.-The remains of Romana's army are found wandering about in all directions, the remains of the army of Mayorca, of Ibernia, of Barcelona, and of Naples, are made prisoners.--General Maupetet having come up with, on the side of Zamora, with his brigade of dragoons, a column of 800 men, charged and dispersed them, and killed or took the greater part.-The Spanish peasantry of Galicia and Leon, have no mercy on the English. Notwithstanding the strictest orders to the contrary, we every day find a number of English assassinated.---The head-quarters of the duke of Elchingen are at Villa Franca, on the confines of

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Galicia and Leon. The duke of Belluno | The weather is dreadful; rain and snow is on the Tagus. The whole of the imperial guard is concentrated at Valladolid. The cities of Valladolid, of Palencia, Segovia, Avilla, Astorga, Leon, &c. have sent numerous deputations to the King. The flight of the English army, the dispersion of the remains of the armies of Romana and Estramadura, and the evils which the troops of the different armies inflict upon the country, rally the provinces round the legitimate authority. The city of Madrid has particularly distinguished itself;-28,500 heads of families have taken the oath of allegiance upon the holy Sacrament. The citizens have promised his Imperial Majesty, that if he will place his brother on the throne, they will serve him with all their efforts, and defend him with all their means. Twenty-Eighth Bulletin, dated, Valladolid,

Jan. 13.

The part of the treasure of the enemy which has fallen into our hands is 1,800,000 francs. The inhabitants assert that the English have carried off from eight to ten millions.-The English general deeming it impossible that the French infantry and artillery should have followed him, and gained upon him a certain number of marches, particularly in mountains so difficult as those of Galicia, thought he could only be pursued by cavalry and sharpshooters. He took therefore the position of Castro on his right, supported by the river Tombago, which passes by Lugo, and is not fordable. The duke of Dalmatia arrived on the 6th in presence of the enemy. He employed the seventh and eighth in reconnoitring the enemy, and collecting his infantry and artillery, which were still in the rear. He formed his plan of attack. The left only of the enemy was attackable; he manoeuvred on their left. His dispositions required some movements on the 8th, the Duke being determined to attack on the 9th; but the enemy retreated in the night, and in the morning our advanced guard entered Lugo. The enemy left 300 sick in the

fall continually.-The English are marching to Corunna in great haste, where they have 400 transports. They have already lost baggage, ammunition, a part even of their most material artillery, and upwards of 3000 prisoners. On the 10th our advanced guard was at Betanzos, a short distance from Corunna. The duke of Elchingen is with his corps near Lugo.— In reckoning the sick, stragglers, those who have been killed by the peasants, and made prisoners by our troops, we may calculate the loss of the English at one third of their army. They are reduced to 18,000 men, and are not yet embarked. From Sahagun they retreated 150 leagues in bad weather, worse roads, through mountains, and always closely pursued at the point of the sword.-It is difficult to conceive the folly of their plan of campaign. It must be attributed not to the general who commands, and who is a clever and skilful man, but to that spirit of hatred and rage which animates the English, Ministry. To push forward in this manner 30,000 men, exposing them to destruction, or to flight as their only resource, is a conception which can only be inspired by the spirit of passion, or the most extravagant presumption. (To be continued.)

COBBETT'S

COMPLETE COLLECTION OF

State Trials:

To be completed in Thirty-Six Monthly
Parts, forming Twelve large Volumes in
Royal Octavo.

The THIRD PART of the above Work was published on Wednesday, the first of March. One Part will appear, with the greatest regularity, on the first of each succeeding Month. Those Subscribers who have expressed their intention of taking the Work in Quarterly Volumes, are respectfully informed that the First Volume is now ready for delivery.

COBBETT'S

hospitals; a park of 15 pieces of cannon, Parliamentary Debates:

and 300 waggons of ammunition. We made 700 prisoners.-The town and environs of Lugo are choaked with the bodies of English horses. Hence, upwards of 2500 horses have been killed in the retreat.

The TWELFTH VOLUME is in the Press, All Communications for the above Work, if sent to the Publishers in due time, shail be carefully attended to.

LONDON: Printed by T. C. HANSARD, Peterborough Court, Fleet Street; Pablished by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent-Garden: Sold also by J. BUDD, Pall-Mall.

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