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DEAR FIELD-MARSHAL; Owing to the rapid movements of the army, and accumulated business, no Official Report has appeared for several days, I transmit you a concise extract of the Reports sent me, in order that you may publish them. Scharding, April 22, 1809.
Seventh Official Report.
would make appear that Austria wishes to scize Bavaria, and to disarm in a disgrace-Letter from the Emperor Francis to Marshal ful manner the brave soldiers of that country, had required these troops to make a fruitless defence. Here French artifice succeeded in making foreign blood flow for their advantage, and in turning the arms of our German brethren against their deliverers. The first bridge was scarce formed by a few posts, when the advanced guard of the fifth corps hastened across the Iser and pursued the enemy until night. The troops are animated with an excellent spirit, and sing war songs under the thunder of the cannon. The advanced guard of field marshal Jellachich entered Munich at eleven yesterday forenoon. The king and queen have fled under French protection to Augsburgh. The fourth army-corps passed the Iser without opposition of prisoners of war, the emperor Nation at Dingalfingen. The first and second corps have, after some successful fighting, advanced to Amberg, Schavandorf, and Kirn near Ratisbon. General Bellegarde cannot sufficiently praise the gallant spirit and undaunted resolution of his troops.
Sixth Bulletin, duted Sacile, April 17.
After passing the Iser, his imperial highness the Generalissimo, with the 3d, 4th, and 5th corps of the army, and the 1st corps of the reserve, broke up against the Danube, in the direction to Kehlheim and Ratisbon. The enemy were drawn up near Ratisbon. Agreeable to the declara
poleon reached the army on the 19th instant. The Generalissimo has made a forced march from the Iser to beyond the Labar, and advanced on the 19th through Echmuhl, Rotenburgh, Cloisterrock. The enemy encountered him, and a very brisk action took place. The Generalissimo praises the bravery of the troops. Our loss is considerable: several regiments On the 10th and 11th his imperial highness have lost all their staff, officers; field-mar the archduke John, with the army under shal lieutenant Lusignan the princes his command, entered the territory of Louis and Maurice, of Lichtenstein, are Frioule, by Pouteba, Cividale and Gortz, wounded. The Generalissimo kept the and after some opposition, advanced on army in order of battle the next day to the 13th to the Tagliamento. The enemy follow the movements of the enemy. retired across the river, in order to join We have no further details about this with the troops in the rear. This junction, affair.-The loss in killed, wounded, and which probably took place at Sacile, made prisoners, is not yet known, as the multithe hostile army five divisions strong.-In plicity of business prevented his imperial 'the night of the 14th his imperial high-highness for making circumstancial reports ness proceeded with the advanced guard towards Pordenone; the remainder of the army followed at day-break, The enemy's advanced guard was at Pordenone, and his army was posted between that place and Sacile, near Fontana. In this situation an action commenced, which, after, a sanguinary contest of two days, terminated entirely to our advantage. The vice king of Italy commanded the French army. The result was so decisive, that the enemy could not maintain themselves behind the Livenza, but were obliged to retreat rapidly to the Piave. The prisoners amount already to 6,000, among whom are generals Paza and Bressen. More are constantly brought in. loss in killed and wounded greatly, exceeds this number, and we have taken 16 cannon and three eagles,
on the field of battle (off Hansen) to his majesty. On the 26th Ratisbon capitulated. On the same day the 5th corps of the army was also smartly attacked, near Seigenburgh, upon Abins. The archduke Lewis retreated, in common with field-marshal lieutenant Holler, against the 1ser, to cover Landshut both corps are united. On the 21st marshal Davoust attacked the 4th corps of the army, near Eckmuhl; a very severe action took place which lasted for 12 hours. On the 22d the second corps of the army retreated by Ratisbon, and combined with the main army. The head-quarters of Generalisstmo the archduke Charles were on the 21st near Eglofsheim.
Eighth Official Report. Tranquillizing news has been received
from the 5th and 6th corps of the army | 24th of April, that he had caused the enemy's advanced guard to be attacked on the 23d by major generals Mesko and Nordman, with the Kiermayer and Lichtenstein hussars, and the frontier corps. On the 24th the lieutenant field marshal
my waited the attack before Steten, where a very obstinate action, with fortunate consequences, took place. All reports concur in stating, that the divisions of Moliter and Boudet, were both in this battle, and that the Bavarian and Hessian troops amounted together to 18,000 men. Up to the 25th, no trace of an enemy had been observed on the Austrian frontiers.
as well as the 2d. All the three corps stand united near Old Oeling. The defile near Landshut, where several waggons obstructed the road while the advancing enemy was bravely opposed, has rendered the loss of some artillery and several wag-advanced with three columns, and the enegons unavoidable. By official reports, the loss of men is not considerable; only one division of the regiment of Benjaysk's infantry, which was obliged to pass the bridge of the Iser, already in flames, suftered severely. These three united corps will follow the movements of the main army, under the command of the Generalissimo. By the most recent accounts the Generalissimo's head-quarters still continued at Eglofsham, on the 22d, and the enemy in their position.-The second The information respecting the battle of corps had effected a junction on the Ra- the 22d, which has been received by his tisbon road with the 3d and 4th corps of majesty, has laid the foundation for the reserve, and a general attack on the ene- best hopes. The result of that sanguinary my was resolved on the 23d. On the 22d, contest was unexpected. In the evening, at noon, the cannon were roaring violent-as the couriers left the field, a great supely in that part, and probably the murderous riority of cavalry decided the action unfight continues. The combat is conducted favourably for our arms. The left wing with uncommon animosity. Every man was compelled to give way. According feels the sublime cause for which he fights. to a report from his imperial highness the We have not yet any definitive accounts. Generalissimo, dated on the 23d, from the The Emperor's court is at Schaerding. heights of Ratisbon, the grand army has While the main army kept advancing crossed the Danube, and taken the road to along the Danube, and the corps near Waldmunchen. Thus terminated a most Old Oeling, stands ready either for offen- obstinate battle, which had continued for sive operations, or to defend the river five days without interruption-Fortune Inn, his majesty considering the pro- often fluctuated. The loss on both sides is bability of a corps of the enemy threaten- immense. This shews that the contest was ing the frontiers of the hereditary domi- carried on both with courage and animosinions, thought it proper to order out the ty.-Every one must do justice to the beMilitia of Lower Austria, Saltzburgh, and haviour of our troops. The Generalissimo that of Inner Austria. The Militia of bestows uncommon praises on the conduct Upper Austria has been under arms since of the army, which has been quite exthe armies advanced. partly on the Inn, hausted by continued fatigue. Lieuteand partly to invest the fortress of Obu- nant field-marshal baron Hiller is between the Iser and the Inn. We have for the present changed our operations from the offensive to the defensive.
N. B.-The Ninth Report is the same as has already been published from the Supplement Extraordinary to the Official Gazette of Prague.
Lieutenant field-marshal Hiller has notified from St. Vert, under date of the
Twelfth Bulletin, dated Warsaw, April 21.
His royal highness the archduke Ferdinand, with the army under his command, crossed the Petica at Nove Miasto on the 15th, and entered the duchy of Warsaw. 2 K
DIRECTIONS TO THE BOOK-BINDER.
It is to be observed, that this sheet, which is the last of Volume XV., should not be cut open by the Reader, but should be left to the Book-binder, who will perceive that the first quarter, viz. p. 1025 to 1032, of which this page makes a part, comes at the end, and that the rest of the sheet, containing the Title Page and Table of Contents, is to be cut off, and placed at the beginning of the Volume.
On the 17th, our troops first met the ene-
Thirteenth Oficial Report, from the Imperial
They write from the Court of his Ma-
entrance into the Danube: at the same time a detachment of the division of Le Grand appeared before Scharding, where the bridge had been removed, planted artillery, set fire to some houses in the town, and did not ask the replacing of the bridge before they had threatened to reduce the whole town to ashes. By the infantry stationed at Scharding, the restoration of the bridge was prevented till night by discharges of artillery and musquetry; but field marshal lieut. Dedovich, who led only a weak detachment of troops who had before that blockaded the fortress of Obuhaus, and three battalions of militia with him, having received advice of the enemy's advancing from Passau on the right bank of the Inn, he was obliged to leave Scharding and went towards Taufkirchen.-On the 27th the enemy's patroles appeared near Scharding. The enemy left the town occupied, but we have no advice of their being in great numbers on this side of the Inn. The enemy's adis not apprehended, as the corps under field on the road to marshal lieut. Hiller, is advancing down the Inn. On the 27th, the advanced guard under major general count Reduky was in Obernberg, and went down farther towards Scharding. The second corps of reserve was near Altheim, and the rest of the army near Wing, all advancing in such a manner that a battle was expected.-From the grand army intelligence has been received of the 26th April. On the 24th the army marched through Bruck and Cham, without being molested by the enemy. His imperial highness the archduke Generalissimo took an advantageous position behind the river Regen. Here the 1st and 2d corps of the army, who had not at all suf fered, joined the rest. In this position his imperial highness intends to let the troops rest for some days, being tired by such long conflicts, then to counteract the enemy's movements in all directions, and avail himself of such opportunities as may offer for farther enterprize. When the reports came away, the army had been two days in the camp of Cham without any enemy's appearing. Money and ammuni tion has been sent to Tyrol. Field-marshal Chasteller has advanced from Inspruck to Trent, where, by certain advices, a small corps.of Frenchmen and Bavarians is hemmed in. The army in Italy has crossed the Piava; and field-marshal Chasteller was making movements from Trent against Italy.
of patriotism, heroism, and contempt of
The fourteenth official Report of the imperial royal army, contains advices respecting the earlier operation of the war from the 19th to the 25th of April, from the head-quarters of the archduke Charles at Katzenberg, near Cham, of the 25th April. This Report amongst other things, says "On the 20th the archduke Charles advanced to the convent of Kobro, to prevent the junction of the marshal Davoust with the three Bavarian divisions. An engagement took place. Both parties fought with indescribable obstinacy till night, and the loss was great on both sides. Both officers and men behaved like heroes. The generals were always at the head of their troops.-Freld marshal lieutenant prince of Hohenzollern and general prince Louis of Lichtenstein in person seized the colours and rushed amidst a murderous fire into the wood. Night set in, and the fourth corps maintained the field of battle, without being able to gain the heights of Abach. The enemy profited by this advantage, and effected their Junction along the Danube with the Bavarian army. In the battle on the 23d the enemy broke up with sixteen regiments of cavalry at once through Scherling into the plain of Eckmuhl. It was not till five o'clock in the afternoon the enemy's horse succeeded in breaking through and routing by their superiority of number, three of our regiments of light horse who had held out bravely. His imperial highness immediately ordered four regiments of cuirassiers to hasten to reinforce them: but the enemy followed up their advantages so suddenly and in such superior numbers, that Letter from his Majesty the Emperor and King, these too were obliged to give way, were pursued as far as Traublerg, against Ratisbon. The infantry of the 3d corps were now forced to quit their position, as the enemy had already outwinged them. The passage of the Danube, near Ratisbon, happened at broad day on the 24th, in the face of the enemy, under the protection of our artillery and cavalry, that kept off the enemy's attacks for four hours.-On our part generals prince Rohan and Schiller are wounded. We have lost some batteries, their train and horses having been
General Orders, of the 24th of May. The days of the 21st and 22d of May will be eternally memorable in the history of the world. The army has given proofs
to the Archduke Charles, Generalissimo.
"Dear brother Charles; I did, it is true, yesterday express to you in person, my warmest thanks for the glorious victory you have gained; but this is not sufficient for my heart. I say it now, and I shall repeat it on every occasion, because I, whom divine providence made the sovereign of a great monarchy, am utterly unable to reward you, my dear brother, your companions in arms, and my brave army, according to your deserts. It was reserved for you, the brother of my heart, the prime support of my throne, to interrupt, for the first time these fifteen years, the good fortune of the adversary. You are the saviour of the country, which, as well as the monarch, will eternally thank and bless you.
"With deep sensibility I yesterday observed the elevated courage and enthusiasm of the troops, and their manly resolution to assure by victory the independence of the monarchy. It was the sweetest moment of my life: a rare and heart-enlivening spectacle, and one which can never be eradicated from my mind. I beg you, dear brother, to declare this to my brave army, and to do every thing to preserve this rare spirit among them."
SPANISH REVOLUTION.-Letter to the VicePresident of the Supreme Central Junta, dated Merida, 12th April 1809. EXCELLENT SIGNOR.-The greater number of the provinces of Spain have sufficiently suffered from the horrible effects of war and conquest, and the rest are threatened with the same calamities. The melancholy events of the 27th and 28th of March, affecting the armies of generals Urbina and Cuesta, have filled with consternation and alarm those honourable Spaniards who cannot contemplate without the most poignant grief the utter desolation of our beloved country. These persons have implored the King to alleviate the distresses of such of the provinces as are occupied by French troops, and to avoid them in those which are not yet in their possession. His majesty has attended to their prayers, and in consequence has ordered me to repair to this city, to announce his compliance to your excellency, authorising me at the same time to consult the best means of fulfilling his wishes with such Deputy or Deputies as the Supreme Central Junta shall think fit to appoint.I cannot suppose that either your excellency or the Central Junta will refuse to take this step, on which the salvation of Andalusia and the happiness of the whole kingdom depends. The business is most important in its character, and most urgent in the present circumstances, and on that account it would be improper that it should be conducted in writing, which is
Answer, addressed to General Cuesta. EXCELLENT SIGNOR.-On the receipt of the letter written by Don Joaquim Maria Sotelo to the Vice-President, and the insidivus proposition on the part of the French government therein contained, the Supreme Central Junta has not forgotten the sacred character with which it is invested, and the solemn oaths it has taken in concurrence with the wishes of the whole Spanish nation. If Sotelo be the bearer of powers sufficiently extensive to treat for the restitution of our beloved King, and for the evacuation of our territory by the French troops instantly, let him publish them in the usual form adopted by states, and they will be announced to our allies. The Junta cannot neglect the employment of the powers conceded to it by the public will, but they have no authority to listen to any treaty, or terminate any transaction, which is not founded on the basis of eternal justice. Any other principle of negotiation, without benefiting the empire, would only tend to degrade the Junta, which has entered into the most awful engagement to bury itself beneath the ruins of the monarchy, rather than lend itself to any proposition which shall diminish the honour and independence of the Spanish people. His majesty desires that your excellency would state these sentiments to Sotelo, and by the royal order I communicate them to your excellency for your instruction and compliance. God preserve you.-(Signed)
MARTIN DE GARAY.
· END OF VOL. XV.
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