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Thirteenth Bulletin, dated Ebersdorf, May 28.
During the night of the 26th and 27th, our bridges on the Danube were carried away by the waters and the mills which have been set free. We had not time to finish the piles and fix the great iron chain. To day one of the bridges has been re-established, and we expect the other will be completed to morrow. The Emperor spent yesterday on the left bank surveying the fortifications which are raising on the island of In-der-Lobau and in order to inspect some regiments of the duke de Rivoli's corps, stationed at this sort of tête-de-pont. On the 27th, at night capt. Baillie, aid-de-camp of the Viceroy, brought the agreeable tidings of the arrival of the Army of Italy at Bruck. Gen. Lauriston had been sent in advance, and the junction took place on the Simeringberg. A chasseur of the 9th, who was proceeding as scout to a detachment of the Army of Italy, met a chasseur of a platoon of the 20th, sent by gen. Lauriston. After having observed each other for some time, they discovered that they were Frenchmen, and embraced. The chasseur of the 20th proceeded to Bruck to repair to the Viceroy, and the chasseur of the 9th repaired to gen. Lauriston, to inform him of the approach of the Army of Italy. During twelve days the two armies had received no intelligence of each other. On the evening of the 28th, gen. Lauriston was at Bruck, at the head-quarters of the Viceroy. The Viceroy has displayed, during the whole campaign, a calmness and an extent of observation which are the presages of a great general.-In the relation of facts which have graced the Army of Italy during these last 20 days, his Majesty has marked with pleasure the destruction of the corps of Jellachich. It was this general whose insolent proclamation enkindled the fury and sharpened the daggers of the Tyrolese. Pursued by the duke of Dantzic-in danger of being flanked by the brigade of gen. Dupellin, whom the duke of Auerstadt had dispatched by way of Mariazell, he ran as into a snare upon the van of the Army of Italy. The archduke John, who, so short a time since in the excess of his presumption, degraded himself by his letter to the duke of Ragusa, evaeuated Gratz yester
day, the 27th, taking with him hardly 25 or 30,000 men, of the fine army with which he entered Italy. Arrogance, insults, excitements to revolt, all his actions, which bear the stamp of rage, have turned to his shame. The people of Italy have conducted themselves as the people of Alsace, Normandy, or Dauphine, would have done.-On the retreat of our soldiers, they accompanied them with their vows and their tears, and led individuals who had lost their way, by bye-paths, five days march to their army; and when any French or Italian prisoners were brought by the enemy into their towns or vi lages, the inhabitants brought them assistance, and during the nights endeavoured to disguise them and assist them in their flight.
The proclamations and the discourses of the archduke John inspired only contempt and scorn; and it would be difficult to describe the joy of the people of the Piave, the Taglimento, and of the Frioul, when they saw the army of the enemy flying in disorder, and the army of the sovereign and the country returning in triumph.-When the papers were examined which belonged to the intendant of the Austrian army, who was at the head both of the government and the police; and which were taken at Padua, in four carriages, the proof of the love which the people of Italy bear to the Emperor was then discovered. Every body refused the places offered them; no one was willing to serve Austria; and among seven millions of men, who compose the population of the kingdom, the enemy could not find more than three wretches who did not repel seduction.-The regiments of Italy, who had distinguished themselves in Poland, and who had emulated in the campaign in Catalonia, the most ancient French campaigns, covered themselves with glory in every engagement. The people of Italy are marching with rapid strides to the last period of a happy change. That beautiful part of the Continent, to which are attached so many great and illustrious recollections, which the Court of Rome, that swarm of monks, and its own divisions, had ruined, is appearing with honour again on the theatre of Europe.-All the details which reach us of the Austrian army shew, that on the 21st and 22nd its loss was enormous. The choice troops of the army have perished. The good folks of Vienna say, that the manoeuvres of gen. Danube saved the Aus'rian army.The Tyrol and the Voralberg are com
protect the bridge and render great service.-The battalion of marine workmen labour in the construction of little armed vessels, which will serve completely to command the river.-After the defeat of the corps of gen. Jellachich, M. Matthieu, capt.-adjutant of the staff of the army of Italy, was sent with an orderly dragoon upon the road to Saltzburgh, who having successively met with a column of 650 troops of the line, and a column of 2,000 militia, both of whom were cut off, and had lost their way; they, on being sum moned to surrender, laid down their arms. -The general of division Lauriston is arrived at Oldenburgh, the first country town of Hungary, with a strong advanced guard. There appears to be some ferment in Hungary, where men's minds are di
pletely subjected. Carniola, Styria, Carinthia, the territory of Saltzburg, Upper and Lower Austria, are pacified and disarmed.-Trieste, that city where the French and Italians suffered so many insults, has been occupied. One circumstance in the capture of Trieste, has been most agreeable to the Emperor--the delivery of the Russian squadron. It had received orders to fit out for Ancona, but, detained by contrary winds, it remained in the power of the Austrians.-The junction of the army of Dalmatia will soon take place. The duke of Ragusa began his march as soon as he heard that the army of Italy was on the Isonzo. It is hoped that it will arrive at Laybach before the 5th of June.-The robber Schill, who assumed, and with reason, the title of general in the service of England, after hav-vided, the greater part of them not seeming prostituted the name of the king of Prussia, as the satellites of England prostitute that of Ferdinand at Seville, has been pursued and chased into an island of the Elbe. The king of Westphaiia, independently of 15,000 men of his own troops, had a Dutch division and a French division; and the duke of Valmy has already united at Hanau two divisions of the corps of observation, commanded by generals Rivaud and Despeaux, and composed of the brigades Lameth, Clement, Taupin, and Vaufieland.--The rage of the princes of the house of Lorraine against Vienna may be painted with one stroke. The capital is fed by 40 mills, raised on the left bank of the river. They have removed and destroyed them.
Fourteenth Bulletin, dated Ebersdorf, June 1. The bridges upon the Danube are completely re-established: to these have been added a flying bridge; and all the necessary materials are preparing for another bridge of floats. Seven machines are employed to drive in the piles, but the Danube being in many places 24 and 26 feet in depth, much time is spent in order to fix the anchors, when the machines are displaced. However, our works are advancing, and will be finished in a short time. The gen. of brigade of engineers, Lazowski, is employed on the left bank upon a tête-de-pont of 1,600 toises in extent, and which will be surrounded by a trench full of running water.-The 44th crew of the flotilla of Boulogne, commanded by the captain de vaisseau Baste, is arrived. A great number of boats, cruising in the river about the islands,
ing favourable to Austria.-The general of division Lasalle has his head-quarters opposite to Besbourgh, and pushes his posts to Altenbourgh, and Rhaab.-Three divisions of the army of Italy are arrived at Neustadt. The Viceroy has been for the last two days at the head-quarters of the Emperor.-General Macdonald, who commands one of the corps of the army of Italy, has entered Gratz. There have been found in this capital of Styria immense magazines of provisions, clothing, and equipments of every kind.—The duke of Dantzic is at Lintz. The prince of Ponte Corvo is marching to Vienna. The general of division Vandamme, with the Wirtemburgers, is arrived at St. Polten, Mautern, and Crems.-Tranquillity reigns in the Tyrol; cut off by the movements of the duke of Dantzic and of the army of Italy, all the Austrians who have en gaged in that point have been destroyed; some by the duke of Dantzic, others, stich as the corps of Jellachich, by the army of Italy. Those who were in Swabia had no other resource than to endeavour to cross Germany as partisans,directing their march by the Upper Palatinate. They formed a small column of infantry and cavalry, which, after escaping from Lindau, was met by col. Reiset, of gen. Beaumont's corps of observation. It was cut off at Neumarck; and the whole column, officers and soldiers, laid down their arms.—Vienna is tranquil, bread and wine are in abundance; but meat, which this capital used to draw from the bottom of Hungary, begins to be scarce. Contrary to all rea sons of policy and motives of humanity, the enemy do all in their power to starvs
their fellow-citizens and this city, although | bank of the Danube, opposite to Presburg, it contains their wives and children. How a body of 9000 men, who entrenched themdifferent is this from the conduct of our selves in the village of Engorau. The Henry IV. who supplied a city then hostile duke of Auerstadt attacked them yesterday to, and besieged by him, with provi- with the sharp-shooters of Hesse Darmssions!-The duke of Montebello died tadt, supported by the 12th regiment of yesterday, at five in the morning. Shortly infantry of the line. The village was before, the Emperor passed an hour with speedily carried. A major and eight other him. His majesty sent his aid-de-camp, officers of Beaulieu's regiment (one of Rapp, for Dr. Franc, one of the most cele- them the grand-son of field-marshal Beaubrated physicians in Europe. His wounds lieu) and 400 privates, were made priwere in good condition, but a dangerous soners. The rest of this regiment were fever had made in the course of a few killed, wounded, or driven into the water. hours the most fatal progress.-All the The remains of the enemy's corps found in assistance of art was useless. His majesty an island the necessary protection for has ordered that the body of the duke of their re-crossing the river. The sharpMontebello should be embalmed, and con- shooters of Hesse Darmstadt acquitted veyed to France, there to receive the themselves extremely well. The Viceroy honours that are due to his elevated rank of Italy has returned to his army, and for and eminent services. Thus died one of the the present has his head-quarters at Oedenmost distinguished soldiers that France ever burg, in Hungary.-All the valuable efproduced. In the many battles in which he fects belonging to the court have been was engaged, he had received 13 wounds. conveyed from Ofen to Peterwaradin, on The Emperor was deeply afflicted by this the frontiers of Servia. The empress has loss, which will be felt by all France. also repaired thither. The duke of Ragusa has arrived at Laybach. General MacdoFifteenth Bulletin, dated Ebersdorff, June 2. nald is master of Gratz, having reduced The army of Dalmatia has obtained the the castle, which seemed disposed to make greatest success. It has defeated all that some resistance.--In the battle of Esling, it has opposed in the battles of Mont-Kitta, on the 21st and 22d of last month, brigadier Geadchatz, Lieca, and Attachatz.-The gen. Foulers was wounded, in making a general in chief Sloissevitch has been ta- charge, and thrown from his horse. A siken.-The duke of Ragusa arrived on the milar accident befel the gen. of division, 28th of May at Fiume, and thus the army Durosnel, aid-de-camp to the Emperor, as of Italy has formed a junction with the he was carrying orders to a division of cuigrand army, of which the army of Dal-rassiers who were charging the enemy. matia forms the right. The report of the duke of Ragusa respecting these different events shall be published-On the 28th, an English squadron, consisting of four ships of the line, two frigates, and a sloop, appeared before Triest, with an intention of taking the Russian squadron.-General count Copaulle had just arrived at that port. As the town was disarmed, the Russians landed 40 pieces of cannon, 24 of which were 30-pounders, and 16 of 24.ther we fear that it will rise again. They have placed their cannon on a battery under which the Russian squadron came to anchor with springs on their cables. Every thing was ready to receive the enemy, who seeing that he had failed in his design, went off. One thousand Austrians having passed from Krems to the right bank of the Danube, have been destroyed by the Wirtemberg troops, which took 60 of them prisoners.
Sixteenth Bulletin, dated Ebersdorf, June 4.
We have had the satisfaction of learning that both these generals, and 150 soldiers whom we gave up for lost, were only wounded, and that they were left lying among the corn at the moment when the Emperor, on learning that the bridges had been broken down, ordered the troops to concentrate themselves between Esling and Great Aspern.-The Danube falls, but from the continuance of the warm wea
Seventeenth Bulletin, dated Vienna,
June 8, 1809.
Colonel Gorgoli, aid-de-camp of the Emperor of Russia, has arrived at the Imperial head-quarters with a letter from that sovereign for his Majesty. He has announced that the Russian army, which is marching upon Olmutz, had passed the frontiers on the 24th of May. The Emperor, the day before yesterday, reviewed his guard-infantry, cavalry, and artillery. The inhabitants of Vienna admired the
number, fine appearance, and excellent | 16th, is stated at 400 killed and wounded.
condition of these troops.-The Viceroy has gone with the army of Italy to Oedemburgh in Hungary. It appears hat the archduke John intends toy his army on the Raab -The duke of Ragusa arrived with the army of Dalinaca, on the 3d of this month, at Laybach.-The hat is very great, and persons acquainted with the Danube assure us that in a few days it will overflow. We shall employ this time to finish driving the piles, independent of the bridges of boats and rafts.-All the accounts which we receive from the enemy state, that the towns of Presburgh, Brunn, and Znaym, are full of wounded. The
Austrians themselves estimate their loss at 18,000 men.-Prince Poniatowski, with the army of the duchy of Warsaw, is pursuing the advantages he has gained.
After the taking of Sandomei, he took the fortress of Zamosa, where the enemy suffered a loss of 3,000 men and 30 pieces of cannon. All the Poles who are in the Austrian army desert.-The enemy, after having failed before Thorn, have been vigorously pursued by gen. Dombrowski.— The archduke Ferdinand will derive nothing from his expedition but disgrace. He must have arrived in Austrian Silesia with his force reduced to one-third.-The senator Wibiski has distinguished himself by his patriotic sentiments and his activity. -The count de Metternich has arrived at Vienna, he is to be exchanged at the advanced posts for the French legation, to whom the Austrians, contrary to the law of nations, had refused passports, and had sent to Pest.
This Bulletin is followed by the details at length of the operations of the duke of Ragusa's army in Dalmatia; which state, that he gained a victory over the Austrians on the 16th of May, at Kitta in Croatia, in which the latter lost 400 killed, from 6 to 700 wounded, and 500 prisoners. And in another affair, on the 17th, at Gradschatz, the French are stated to have lost 300 men, and Marmont was himself wounded. Another victory is stated to have been subsequently gained by the French at Gospich, which they entered on the 23d, and arrived at Fiume on the 28th, after some skirmishes, from whence, he says, they were to march on the 31st, to unite with the army of Italy.. In the whole of the actions, 6,000 Austrians and Croatians are said, in this account, to have been put hors de combat. The loss of the French in the affairs subsequent to the
Eighteenth Bulletin, dated Vienna, June 13.
The division of gen. Chastelar which had raised the Tyrol, proceeded on the 4ch of this month to the environs of Clagenfurth,, in order to throw itself into it, and a severe engagement took place, Hungary. Gen Rusca marched against when 900 prisoners were made. Prince Eugene with a large corps manœuvres in the centre of Hungary. For some days Graben, with a Dutch division, having past the Danube has risen a foot.-Gen. marched to Stralsund, where Schill had entrenched himself, carried the entrenchments by assault. Schill gave orders to burn the town to secure his retreat, but had no time. Schill himself was killed in the great square, near the Corps de Garde, endeavouring to reach the port in order to and at the moment when he fled, and was
embark. The archduke Ferdinand evacuated Warsaw precipitately on the 2d instant, so that the whole of the Grand Duchy is abandoned by, the enemy's army, whilst the troops under the comfourths of Gallicia. mand of prince Poniatowsky occupy three
AUSTRIAN ARMY. — Second Bulletin, dated
Alt Oetting, April 12.
Agreeably to the prescribed arrangements, the army advanced on the 11th further towards the Viles and the Iser.The weather was very bad, but the troops endured all the hardships of an uncom monly severe season with the greatest cheerfulness.-On the 10th, at half past ten in the morning, field marshal Dedovich entered Passau, The enemy retired, but by the rapid advance of our troops, a French officer of engineers and eight pioneers were taken. A French general in the upper fort escaped with difficulty. Prince Rosenberg, commander of the 4th corps of the army, summoned the fort to surrender, but this summons was, in compliance with the custom of war, answered by a refusal.-The_true patriotic spirit of the inhabitants of Passau was clearly demonstrated by the joy they displayed on our entering the town. They immediately printed the Proclamation of his royal highness the Generalissimo to the German nation, and distributed 2,000 copies to the people of the country. Thus the feeling of German independence remains, and is cherished among them.
Third Bulletin, dated Vils Biburg, April 15. The army is collected on the Vils, and wili to-morrow pass the Iser at Landshut and Dingelfingen.-The enemy appears disposed to dispute the passage. The army is auxious to meet him, and to come to blows.-Feld-marshal Jellachich has by this time also passed the Inn at Rosenhelm and Wassenburgh, and advanced against Munich. An advanced post of the enemy has been taken at Haag; 13 prisoners and 17 horses fell into our hands. The enemy lost some killed and wounded; on our side we had only one hussar slightly wounded. On the 9th, field-marshal Chastellar, amidst the joyful acclamations of the faithful Tyrolese, entered the Tyrol at Lienz, through the Pusterthal, and on the 12th had already reached Brauneck; the Saltzberg Jagers and some detachments of infantry, provided with snow and climbing irons, co-operate with him by the Zillerthal. Our patroles are pushed forward to Reichenhall, Lofers, and St. Johan; the militia of Lofers has occupied the pass of Strub, one of the most important entrances from Saltzburg into the Junthal. The Tyrolese are every where flying to arms and expelling the Bavarians; 1,500 of the latter have taken refuge in the fortress of Kufstein, and are besieged there by the Tyrolese. A French officer had recently taken the command of that fortress; the Bavarians, however, begin to be tired of the French superiority, and feel sensibly the deep degradation of their oppressed situation. Their disgust at the arrogance of the French officers has, in several instances, produced acts of violence. Fourth Bulletin, dated Landshut, April 16. This day the army advanced to the Iser. The fifth corps was in the front, and found the bridge at Landshut broken down. A division of from 6 to 8,000 Bavarians, under gen. Deroy, defended the passage. There remained nothing to be done but to open a passage by force. The bridge was accordingly re-established under the fire of the enemy; the fifth corps crossed, and an action followed, which terminated by the retreat of the Bavarians. On both sides there were some killed and wounded, but our loss would have been still less had it been possible to restrain the ardour of the troops.-Landshut is the key of the Iser; we are in possession of a great part of BaVaria The general of cavalry, count Bellegarde, broke up from Bohemia on the
Tieschenreith, and on the 12th formed a 10th, with the first corps of the army, by jonction at Werenberg with the 2d corps of the army, which had entered the Upper Palatinate by Rushaupten. Both corps took a position on the Nab, and their vanguard occupied the heights of Hirschan in order to watch the road from Bayreuth to Amberg. Here an affair of advanced posts took place with the division of Friant, which was understood to be approaching in order to reach the Danube by a rapid march through Amberg. The consequence of the action was, that this division was driven back to Neumarkt, and our advanced posts occupied Amberg. The brave Tyrolese have already killed or taken prisoners all the French and Bavarian soldiers in their territory. All the passes in the Upper Junthal, as the Zinler-berg, the Scharnitz, Leutash, Reuti, &c. are occupied by the militia of the country. On the 12th, 160 men of the 11th Bavarian regiment of infantry, and 125 dragoons, with half a battery, were made prisoners at Innspruck. On the 13th, 49 French officers, 1,677 men, with 451 horses, and two light battalions of Bavarians, with two pieces of cannon, and a howitzer, surrendered at Wildau to the Tyrolese, by capitulation. To-morrow the army moves towards the Upper Da- ́ nube. Hitherto we have fallen in with no French troops, though in the action of this day some French officers were taken among the Bavarians.
Fifth Bulletin, dated Landshut, April 17.
According to the concurring reports of all the prisoners, as well as the inhabitants at Landshut, the French general Lefevre has collected 12,000 Bavarians from the neighbourhood of Munich and Freysingen, with the view of stopping the passage of the Austrian army by Landshut. The approach to the bridges was extremely difficult. They were, besides, broken down, and the enemy's tirailleurs, who had occupied all the houses on the opposite bank, could only be driven therefrom by cannon being brought to bear upon them: each gun on our side was mounted under a shower of small shot from the enemy. In doing this, however, our artillery displayed the greatest resolution, and in two hours the whole of the opposite side of the town was in ruins. The unfortunate inhabitants in the midst of their ruined houses bewail the melancholy fate to which this fine town. has been exposed by their own countrymen. The French, who by misrepresentations,